[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Sublingual immunotherapy (SLIT) has been considered to be a painless and efficacious therapeutic treatment of allergic rhinitis which is known as type I allergy of nasal mucosa. Nevertheless, its mechanisms need to be further investigated. In this study, we constructed an effective murine model of sublingual immunotherapy in allergic rhinitis, in which mice were sublingually administered with ovalbumin (OVA) followed by intraperitoneal sensitization and nasal challenge of OVA. Sublingually treated mice showed significantly decreased specific IgE responses as well as suppressed Th2 immune responses. Sublingual administration of OVA did not alter the frequency of CD4(+)CD25(+) regulatory T cells (Tregs), but led to upregulation of Foxp3- and IL-10-specific mRNAs in the Tregs of cervical lymph nodes (CLN), which strongly suppressed Th2 cytokine production from CD4(+)CD25(-) effector T cells in vitro. Furthermore, sublingual administration of plasmids encoding the lymphoid chemokines CCL19 and CCL21-Ser DNA together with OVA suppressed allergic responses. These results suggest that IL-10-expressing CD4(+)CD25(+)Foxp3(+) Tregs in CLN are involved in the suppression of allergic responses and that CCL19/CCL21 may contribute to it in mice that received SLIT.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: CD30 ligand (CD30L) plays an important role in the amplification and/or activation of effector CD4(+) T cells, irrespective of Th cell subset. To examine the role of CD30L in allergic rhinitis, we evaluated an OVA model of allergic rhinitis in CD30L knock out (KO) mice on a BALB/c background sensitized with OVA. Symptoms of allergic rhinitis such as eosinophil infiltration into the nasal mucosa were drastically diminished in OVA-sensitized CD30L KO mice following intranasal challenge with OVA. The levels of OVA-specific IgE in the sera and the Th2 response in nasopharynx-associated lymphoid tissues and cervical LNs of CD30L KO mice were significantly lower than those of WT mice following intranasal challenge with OVA. Intranasal administration of CD30-Ig during the effector phase with OVA significantly prevented the development of allergic rhinitis in WT mice. These results suggest that CD30L plays an important role in allergic rhinitis and that the inhibition of CD30L/CD30 signaling might be useful as a novel biological therapy for allergic rhinitis.
European Journal of Immunology 07/2011; 41(10):2947-54. · 4.97 Impact Factor