[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Benign colon (18)F-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) uptake is frequently observed in asymptomatic individuals. Aims of this study were to investigate the benign colon uptake by whole body FDG-positron emission tomography (PET) in asymptomatic adults and to correlate those results with colonoscopic and histologic findings.
Among 3,540 subjects who had undergone FDG-PET, 43 subjects who were diagnosed to have benign colon uptake in FDG-PET and underwent colonoscopy were retrospectively reviewed. Subjects were classified as diffuse or focal groups based on their FDG uptake patterns. PET results were analyzed together with colonoscopic and histologic findings.
Forty-three subjects showed benign colon uptake in FDG-PET; 28 of them were shown as the diffuse group, while other 15 subjects were classified as the focal group. Five subjects among those showed diffuse uptake were diagnosed as adenoma. Seven among 15 subjects who showed focal uptake were diagnosed as adenocarcinoma (n=2), adenoma (n=3), or non-neoplastic polyp (n=2). Positive predictive values were 25% in the diffuse group and 47% in the focal group.
We recommend that patients showing benign FDG uptake in the colon should be further evaluated by colonoscopy, especially for patients with focal FDG uptake.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: It has been known that elderly patients with gastric cancer show worse general condition and higher comorbidities. Therefore, few elderly patients undergo surgery. This study was designed to determine clinicopathological characteristics of gastric cancer in elderly patients and evaluate their survival improvements by the surgical treatment.
Gastric cancer patients, diagnosed at Ewha Womans University Mokdong Hospital between 2000 to 2004, were divided into two groups those aged ≥65 years vs. <65 years. Clinicopathological characteristics, incidence of postoperative complications, and survival time of patients in each group were analyzed.
Total 370 patients were subjected and divided into the elderly and the younger group (55.4% vs. 44.6%). The elderly group showed higher incidences of hypertension and cardiovascular disease. Well differentiated adenocarcinoma was more frequently found in the elderly group (19.0% vs. 10.0%, p=0.025). There were no differences of operation time (242.6±70.7 vs. 257.3±83.8 min, p=0.115), postoperative hospital stays (15.8±10.6 vs. 14.7±9.8 days, p=0.361), and incidence of any complications (6.7% vs. 9.9%, p=0.309) between the two subgroups. The significant factors related with the elderly patient's survival were the tumor-node-metastasis (TNM) stage (stage I, hazard ratio [HR] 1.00; stage II, HR 1.28, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.44-3.72; stage III, HR 4.06, 95% CI 2.08-7.92, stage IV, HR 9.78, 95% CI 4.97-19.26; p<0.001) and the treatment modality (laparoscopy, HR 1.00; open surgery, HR 3.90, 95% CI 2.43-6.26; p<0.001). The elderly patients who underwent gastric cancer surgery showed prolonged survival on TNM stage I, II, and III than those who were treated conservatively.
In the elderly patients with gastric cancer, those who had received surgical treatments showed significantly higher survival rate than those who had treated conservatively. Therefore, aggressive surgical treatments should be seriously considered even for the elderly patients with gastric cancer.
The Korean journal of gastroenterology = Taehan Sohwagi Hakhoe chi 07/2011; 58(1):9-19.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Cardiac troponin T (cTnT), a useful marker for diagnosing acute myocardial infarction (AMI) in the general population, is significantly higher than the usual cut-off value in many end-stage renal disease (ESRD) patients without clinically apparent evidence of AMI. The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical usefulness of cTnT in ESRD patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS).
Two hundred eighty-four ESRD patients with ACS were enrolled between March 2002 and February 2008. These patients were followed until death or June 2009. Medical records were reviewed retrospectively. The cut-off value of cTnT for AMI was evaluated using a receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve. We calculated Kaplan-Meier survival curves, and potential outcome predictors were determined by Cox proportional hazard analysis.
AMIs were diagnosed in 40 patients (14.1%). The area under the curve was 0.98 in the ROC curve (p<0.001; 95% CI, 0.95-1.00). The summation of sensitivity and specificity was highest at the initial cTnT value of 0.35 ng/mL (sensitivity, 0.95; specificity, 0.97). Survival analysis showed a statistically significant difference in all-cause and cardiovascular mortalities for the group with an initial cTnT ≥0.35 ng/mL compared to the other groups. Initial serum cTnT concentration was an independent predictor for mortality.
Because ESRD patients with an initial cTnT concentration ≥0.35 ng/mL have a poor prognosis, it is suggested that urgent diagnosis and treatment be indicated in dialysis patients with ACS when the initial cTnT levels are ≥0.35 ng/mL.
Yonsei medical journal 07/2011; 52(4):595-602. · 0.77 Impact Factor