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Publications (4)2.65 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Background: Ibuprofen (IBU) has proved as effective as indomethacin in the pharmacological closure of hemodynamically significant patent ductus arteriosus (HsPDA), with an efficacy inversely related to gestational age (57-89%). Objective: This study aimed to establish whether continuous infusions of IBU could be more effective in very low birth weight infants with no additional adverse effects and reduce the need for surgical ligation. Methods: A prospective, randomized, double-dummy study was conducted on 112 very low birth weight infants (mean gestational age 27.2 weeks, SD 2; birth weight 1,019 g, SD 330) with HsPDA, 56 of whom were given IBU in conventional 15-min intermittent boluses, while the other 56 were administered IBU as a 24-hour continuous infusion, both at standard doses (10/5/5 mg/kg). Extensive echocardiography was performed before and after treatment, and adverse effects were monitored. Results: Pharmacological PDA closure was achieved after 1 or 2 IBU courses in 36 of 56 infants (64.3%) after bolus administration and in 46 of 55 (83.6%) after continuous infusion (p = 0.020), and in 9 of 26 (34.6%) and 24 of 30 (80.0%), respectively, in the infants with a gestational age of 23-27 weeks (p = 0.006). Sustained pharmacological closure was observed in 38 of 56 infants (67.9%) after bolus IBU and in 47 of 55 (85.5%) after continuous infusion (p = 0.029). Surgical ligation was used less after continuous infusion than after bolus IBU (5.5 vs. 19.6%; p = 0.024). The continuous infusion group had fewer symptoms of necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC), especially in the more preterm infants, while other neonatal morbidity and mortality rates were similar. Conclusion: Continuous IBU infusion is more effective than standard boluses for sustained closure of HsPDA, with fewer NEC symptoms and less need for surgical ligation in very low birth weight infants. © 2013 S. Karger AG, Basel.
    Neonatology 11/2013; 105(1):46-54. · 2.57 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Elevated Tricuspid Regurgitant Velocity (TRV) has been related to higher mortality in adults and to hemolysis, lower oxygen saturation during 6-minute walk test and acute chest syndrome (ACS) in children with sickle cell disease (SCD). Hydroxyurea (HU) has reduced TRV value in children and adults. We describe a three year old HbSS child with recurrent ACS, hypoperfusion of the left lung, mild hemolysis and persistent TRV elevation. TRV did not normalize after HU, despite improvement in clinical conditions and in baseline laboratory parameters related to hemolysis and blood viscosity, but normalized after bone marrow transplantation (BMT). Our experience suggests that in young patients, TRV reduction can be a positive concomitant effect of BMT.
    Hematology reports. 08/2011; 3(2):e12.
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    ABSTRACT: We investigated whether chronic zidovudine (AZT) administration in rats could impair cardiac function by affecting intercellular junctions and whether vitamin C could prevent these possible effects. Rats were treated for 8 months with AZT, vitamin C, and AZT plus vitamin C. Cardiac fractional shortening (FS) was assessed by echocardiographic examination, intercellular junctions morphology was detected by electron microscopy (EM) and immunocytochemistry (ICC). AZT-treated rats showed a reduced FS that was not prevented by vitamin C. EM revealed that AZT treatment did not affect coronary endothelial intercellular junctions whereas it caused an enlargement of fascia adherens of the intercalated discs that was prevented by vitamin C. AZT treatment did not induce either alterations of gap junctions morphology or distribution of connexin-43, the major protein expressed in the gap junctions. We conclude that AZT treatment may be potentially deleterious to the heart by inducing a ROS-mediated damage of cardiac intercalated discs.
    Environmental toxicology and pharmacology. 11/2009; 28(3):425-9.
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    ABSTRACT: We report a case of a 750 grams premature female who was scheduled for surgical ligation of a patent arterial duct. Intra-operative findings showed a patent arterial duct in association to a retro-esophageal aortic arch creating a complete vascular ring around the trachea, which was successfully divided. A vascular ring should be ruled-out in premature infants prior to ductal ligation at bidimensional echocardiography. Keywords: congenital heart disease; premature infant; surgery; vascular ring.
    JNMA; journal of the Nepal Medical Association 52(189):275-276. · 0.08 Impact Factor