Limin Shang

Academy of Military Medical Sciences, T’ien-ching-shih, Tianjin Shi, China

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Publications (13)32.64 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Abstract Echinococcus granulosus is the causative agent of cystic echinococcosis with medical and veterinary importance worldwide. The aim of this study was to determine the genotype distribution of E. granulosus in animals in Yushu, Qinghai Province, northeastern China. The mitochondrial nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide+hydrogen (NADH) dehydrogenase subunit 1 (nad1) and cytochrome c oxidase subunit 1 (cox1) genes from 30 echinococcosis isolates were analyzed by sequence alignment, generating two unique sequence profiles at both nad1 and cox1 loci. Phylogenetic analysis demonstrated that 28 isolates (93.3%) belonged to the well-known G1-G3 complex (E. granulosus sensu stricto), and 2 (6.7%) were placed in G6-G10 complex (E. canadensis). The present study provides the genetic composition of E. granulosus from animals in Yushu, Qinghai Province, and confirms that, for the first time, the E. granulosus G6-G10 complex (E. canadensis) is not only limited to Xinjiang and might be of greater public health significance than previously believed in China.
    Vector borne and zoonotic diseases (Larchmont, N.Y.) 01/2013; · 2.61 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Establishment of a rapid, highly specific, and accurate method for diagnosis of Toxoplasma gondii infection is essential to control and prevent zoonotic toxoplasmosis. In this study, a novel diagnostic strategy using magnetic bead-based serum peptide profiling by matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS) was developed. The serum peptides (samples I, II, and III) from T. gondii RH strain-infected mice at days 3, 6, and 9 post-infection (p.i.), and healthy mice were enriched by the optimized magnetic bead-based hydrophobic interaction (MB-HIC8). The mass spectrograms were acquired by MALDI-TOF MS, and analyzed by ClinProTools bioinformatics software from Bruker Daltonics. The diagnostic models from T. gondii RH-infected serum peptide profiling of samples I, II, and III were produced by genetic algorithms, and verified by cross-validation. The sample II model could correctly recognize T. gondii RH strain infection in mice at days 3, 6, and 9 p.i. with a sensitivity of 91.1% and a specificity of 96.7%., and also detect T. gondii ME49 strain-infected serum samples at days 3, 6, 9, and 12 p.i. with a sensitivity of 91.7%. The results of the present study suggest that serum peptide profiling by MALDI-TOF MS is a novel potential tool for the clinical diagnosis of acute T. gondii infection.
    Vector borne and zoonotic diseases (Larchmont, N.Y.) 03/2012; 12(6):462-6. · 2.61 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: There is a lack of information concerning the prevalence of Toxoplasma gondii infection in dogs from southwestern China. In the present study, serum samples from 314 household dogs were collected from Wenchuan, Heishui, and Jiuzhaigou in Sichuan Province, southwestern China, in May and June 201; sera were assayed for T. gondii antibodies using an indirect haemagglutination test (IHA). Antibodies to T. gondii were found in 11 of 314 (3.5%), with IHA titers of 1:64 in 4 dogs, 1:128 in 3, 1:256 in 2, 1:512 in 1, and 1:1024 in 1. No regional difference was observed among the 3 counties (P > 0.05). The results of the present study indicated that infection with T. gondii in dogs is common in China, including household dogs in Sichuan Province, and should be of public health concern.
    Journal of Parasitology 08/2011; 98(1):209-10. · 1.32 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Leishmaniasis is an important parasitic disease, and definite diagnosis using a specific and sensitive method is the first step to cure the disease. Here, we present a novel diagnostic strategy based on serum peptide profiling by magnetic beads and matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS). The serum peptides from the Leishmani donovani-infected and healthy mice were enriched by the optimized magnetic beads. The mass spectrograms were acquired by MALDI-TOF MS and analyzed by the ClinProTools bioinformatics software from Bruker Daltonics. The diagnostic model of serum peptide profiling produced by the ClinProTools software could correctly detect L. donovani infection in mice from the third day post-infection, with the accuracy of 94.1%, sensitivity of 92.4%, and specificity of 97.1%, respectively. The results of the present study suggested that the serum peptide profiling by MALDI-TOF MS is a novel potential tool for the clinical diagnosis of leishmaniasis.
    Parasitology Research 08/2011; 110(3):1287-90. · 2.85 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The seroprevalence of Toxoplasma gondii infection in yaks (Bos grunniens) was surveyed in Qinghai Province, northwestern China in May and June 2010. A total of 650 serum samples were collected from six counties and assayed for T. gondii antibodies by an indirect hemagglutination test. Antibodies to T. gondii were found in 35.08% (228/650) with the highest rate of 55.34% in Chengduo County. The results of the present survey indicated that infection with T. gondii in cattle is widely spread in China, including yaks in Qinghai Province.
    Tropical Animal Health and Production 04/2011; 43(4):741-3. · 1.09 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Zoonotic visceral leishmaniasis is an important vector-borne infectious disease in western China. In this study, an epidemiological study was carried out on the vector of zoonotic visceral leishmaniasis in rural areas from Sichuan Province, southwestern China. In the 1263 phlebotomine sandflies captured, 859 (68.01%) were females and 404 (31.99%) males, belonging to Phlebotomus chinensis (83.37%), Sergentomyia koloshanensis (6.57%), Sergentomyia squamirostris (4.04%), and Sergentomyia barraudi (6.02%), respectively. The average prevalence of Leishmania parasites in P. chinensis females was 1.98%, which was detected by real-time quantitative PCR. Phylogenetic analysis based on ITS2-rDNA revealed that Leishmania parasites detected in sandflies belonged to the L. donovani group and formed a novel haplotype. This was the first report on molecular detection of L. donovani in naturally infected P. chinensi from China.
    Vector borne and zoonotic diseases (Larchmont, N.Y.) 01/2011; 11(7):849-52. · 2.61 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The seroprevalence of Toxoplasma gondii infection in Tibetan sheep was surveyed in Qinghai Province, northwestern China, in May and June 2010. In total, 580 serum samples was collected from 6 counties, and antibodies to T. gondii were detected by indirect hemagglutination (IHA) test. Antibodies to T. gondii were found in 29.8% (173/580); regional differences showed the highest prevalences in Nangqian County (39.4%) and Zaduo County (48.7%). The results of the present study indicate that infection with T. gondii in sheep is widely spread in China, including Tibetan sheep in Qinghai Province, and is a potential public health concern.
    Journal of Parasitology 12/2010; 96(6):1222-3. · 1.32 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: More effective vaccines against Toxoplasma gondii may contribute to the control of this pathogen that has major veterinary and public health significance. In this study, two recombinant plasmids pcDNA/TgSAG1 and pVAX/mIL-18 containing T. gondii SAG1 (TgSAG1) and murine cytokine interleukin-18 (IL-18) were evaluated for their ability to protect mice against T. gondii challenge. Mice were given two intramuscular immunizations 3 weeks apart, and challenged with T. gondii 3 weeks later. All animals vaccinated with pcDNA/TgSAG1 alone or with pVAX/mIL-18 developed specific anti-TLA (T. gondii lysate antigen) antibodies and specific lymphocyte proliferative responses. Co-injection of pVAX/mIL-18 significantly increased the production of IFN-gamma and IL-2. Further, challenge experiments showed that co-immunization with pVAX/mIL-18 significantly (P<0.05) increased the survival rate (60%), compared with pcDNA/TgSAG1 alone (40%). Therefore, codelivery of the IL-18-secreting plasmid potentiates the induction and maintenance of the type 1 helper T-cell immune response and may be a potent strategy for enhancing the protective efficacy of vaccines against T. gondii.
    Research in Veterinary Science 08/2010; 89(1):93-7. · 1.77 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Recombinant pseudorabies virus (PRV) Bartha-K61 vaccine strains expressing Schistosoma japonicum 26kDa glutathione S-transferase (Sj26GST) and fatty acid binding protein (SjFABP), designated as rPRV/Sj26GST, rPRV/SjFABP and rPRV/Sj26GST-SjFABP, were constructed and evaluated for their ability to protect mice and sheep against S. japonicum challenge. Animals were given 2 intramuscular immunizations 3 weeks apart, and challenged with S. japonicum cercariae 4 weeks later. All mice vaccinated with recombinant virus developed specific anti-SWAP (soluble worm antigen preparation) antibody, splenocyte proliferative response and production of IFN-gamma and IL-2. Injection of rPRV/Sj26GST-SjFABP significantly increased levels of antibody, splenocyte proliferative response and production of IFN-gamma, compared with rPRV/Sj26GST and rPRV/SjFABP. These recombinant viruses have been shown to be safe for sheep. Challenge experiments showed worms and egg burdens were significantly reduced in animals immunized with recombinant PRVs. Most importantly, rPRV/Sj26GST-SjFABP dramatically enhanced protection with worm reduction and hepatic reduction of 39.3% and 45.5% respectively in mice, and 48.5% and 51.2% in sheep, while rPRV/Sj26GST and rPRV/SjFABP provided corresponding protection of only up to 23.7% and 27.2% in mice, and 29.0% and 35.5% in sheep. These results indicate that the multivalent vaccine for S. japonicum can produce significant specific immunity and protection, and that PRV Bartha-K61 is an effective live vector for an animal schistosomiasis japonica vaccine.
    Vaccine 07/2010; 28(32):5161-6. · 3.77 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: An effective vaccine of animals can block transmission of Toxoplasma gondii to humans. In this study, mice have been protected against lethal T. gondii challenge by a prime-boost vaccination strategy using DNA vaccine pVAX/TgSAG1 and recombinant pseudorabies virus rPRV/TgSAG1, both expressing the major immunodominant surface antigen of T. gondii (TgSAG1). High levels of splenocyte proliferative responses and significant levels of IFN-gamma resulted, with strong cytotoxic T lymphocyte (CTL) responses in vitro. After lethal challenge, prime-boost vaccinated mice showed an increased survival time (15.4+/-5.0 days) and a 40% survival rate compared with controls who all died within 11 days of challenge. Results of the present study indicated that this novel immunization strategy is useful in enhancing immune protection in mice against lethal T. gondii infection, which would provide foundation for the development of effective vaccines against T. gondii.
    Vaccine 06/2009; 27(21):2741-5. · 3.49 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Two recombinant plasmids, pVAX/SjFABP and pVAX/mIL-18 containing Schistosoma japonicum 14 kDa fatty acid binding protein (SjFABP) and murine IL-18, were constructed and evaluated for their ability to induce immune responses and to protect against S. japonicum challenge in mice. Mice were intramuscularly immunized twice at three-weekly intervals, and challenged with S. japonicum cercariae at 4 weeks after the last vaccination. All animals vaccinated with pVAX/SjFABP alone or plus pVAX/mIL-18 developed specific anti-SWAP ELISA antibody and T lymphocyte proliferation. Co-injection of pVAX/mIL-18 significantly increased the production of IFN-gamma and IL-2 compared with pVAX/SjFABP alone, indicating that IL-18 enhances the Th1-dominant immune response. The challenge experiment showed that co-injection of plasmid encoding IL-18 significantly enhances protective effect against S. japonicum infection, as demonstrated by worm reduction rates and the hepatic egg reduction rates 45 days post-challenge. These results indicated that IL-18 may become a novel vaccine adjuvant for development of vaccines against schistosomiasis.
    Acta tropica 06/2009; 111(3):284-8. · 2.79 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Two recombinant plasmids pVAX/Sj26GST and pVAX/mIL-18 containing Schistosoma japonicum 26kDa GST and murine IL-18 were evaluated for their ability to protect mice against S. japonicum challenge. Mice were given 2 intramuscular immunizations 3 weeks apart, and challenged with S. japonicum cercariae 4 weeks later. Adult worm and egg burdens were determined 48 days post-challenge. All animals vaccinated with pVAX/Sj26GST alone or with pVAX/mIL-18 developed specific anti-SWAP (soluble worm antigen preparation) ELISA antibody and splenocyte proliferation response. Co-injection of pVAX/mIL-18 significantly increased the production of IFN-gamma and IL-12, indicating that IL-18 enhances the Th1-dominant immune response. Challenge experiments showed that worms were reduced in the pVAX/Sj26GST group by 30.1% and by 49.4% in animals given pVAX/mIL-18 additionally. Corresponding hepatic and fecal egg reductions were 44.8% and 53.0%, and 50.6% and 56.6%, respectively. These results indicate that IL-18 may be an effective adjuvant for a schistosomiasis vaccine.
    Vaccine 09/2008; 26(33):4145-9. · 3.49 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The major immunodominant surface antigen 1 (TgSAG1) of invasive tachyzoites is a vaccine candidate antigen for Toxoplasma gondii. In this study, we developed a recombinant pseudorabies virus (PRV) expressing TgSAG1 (rPRV/SAG1) based on the PRV vaccine strain Bartha K-61 by homologous recombination, in which partial PK and gG genes were deleted. The growth assay of rPRV/SAG1 showed that the recombinant virus can replicate in vitro as efficiently as PRV Bartha K-61, demonstrating that insertion of the TgSAG1 gene in the PK and gG locus of PRV does not affect the replication of PRV. All mice vaccinated with rPRV/SAG1 developed a high level of specific antibody responses against T. gondii lysate antigen (TLA), a strong increase of the splenocyte proliferative response, and significant levels of IFN-gamma and IL-2 production. And the immunization of mice with rPRV/SAG1 elicited strong cytotoxic T lymphocyte (CTL) responses in vitro. These results demonstrate that rPRV/SAG1 could induce significant humoral and cellular Th1 immune responses. Moreover, rPVR/SAG1 immunization induced partial protection (60%) against a lethal challenge with the highly virulent T. gondii RH strain, and neutralizing antibodies against PRV in a BALB/c mouse model. These results suggest that expression of protective antigens of T. gondii in PRV Bartha K-61 is a novel approach towards the development of a vaccine against both animal toxoplasmosis and pseudorabies.
    Microbes and Infection 09/2008; 10(12-13):1355-62. · 2.92 Impact Factor