[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Study design:Cross-sectional controlled study.Objectives:To evaluate the elbow joint with ultrasound in paraplegic patients, determine the related factors and compare it with healthy controls.Setting:A training and research rehabilitation hospital in Istanbul.Methods:A total of 30 paraplegic patients and 20 healthy controls were included in the study. Patients demographic data, pain in the elbow joint, level and duration of injury, ambulation status, type of wheelchair used, daily duration of wheelchair and other ambulation equipment usage, transfers being dependent or independent, daily number of push-ups were recorded. Elbow joints were evaluated with ultrasound for presence of fluid and thickness of the triceps tendon.Results:Mean triceps tendon thickness values of the right side were larger in spinal cord injury (SCI) patients when compared with those of healthy controls'. Joint effusion on the right elbow joint was also found to be more common in SCI patients than in normal subjects. Triceps tendon thickness measurements were not found to be correlated with demographic and clinical factors. Seven paraplegic patients (23%) reported that they have pain in the elbow.Conclusion:In this preliminary study, our results showed that right elbow effusion was more frequent and right triceps tendon was thicker in SCI patients when compared with healthy subjects.Spinal Cord advance online publication, 5 March 2013; doi:10.1038/sc.2013.13.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Study design:Multi-center, cross-sectional study.Objectives:To investigate the effects of different bladder management methods on the quality of life (QoL) in patients with spinal cord injury (SCI).Setting:Turkey.Methods:Consecutive SCI patients (n=195, 74.4% males), for whom at least 6 months had elapsed since the injury, were included and evaluated in five groups: normal spontaneous micturition (NSM), micturition with assisted maneuvers (MAM), aseptic intermittent catheterization by patient (IC-P), aseptic IC by an attendant/caregiver (IC-A) and indwelling catheterization. The King's Health Questionnaire was used to evaluate the patients' QoL.Results:The bladder management groups were similar regarding age, time elapsed since injury, education level, marital and occupational status. There was no difference among the groups in general health perception, personal relationships and sleep/energy domain scores. While the NSM group had generally the lowest scores, that is, better QoL, the IC-A group had the highest scores, that is, poorer QoL, in most of the domains. When the patients were grouped according to the frequency of urinary incontinence or American Spinal Injury Association Impairment Scale grades, no difference was found in the domain scores of the groups except the symptom severity domain scores. No significant difference was found between paraplegic and tetraplegic patients in the King's Health Questionnaire domains.Conclusion:The QoL was notably affected in SCI patients in IC-A group and negative effects on emotional status, physical and social activity limitations were observed, as well.Spinal Cord advance online publication, 13 November 2012; doi:10.1038/sc.2012.131.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: In this study, the bladder emptying methods at different stages of the post-stroke period along with the effects of demographic and clinical parameters on spontaneous voiding frequency were investigated. The frequencies of bladder emptying methods at admission to the rehabilitation clinic, after neurourological and urodynamic assessment and at home after discharge were spontaneous voiding (SV) 51/99 (51.5 %), 62/99 (62.6 %), 73/99 (73.7 %), emptying without a urinary catheter + an external collector system (EWUC + ECS) 24/99 (24.2 %), 18/99 (18.2 %), 17/99 (17.2 %), intermittent catheterization (IC) 1/99 (1.0 %), 15/99 (15.2 %), 6/99 (6.1 %), indwelling urethral catheter (IUC) 23/99 (23.2 %), 4/99 (4.0 %) and 3/99 (3.0 %), respectively. Lower spontaneous voiding frequencies were observed in single-divorced and geriatric individuals (p < 0.05). The number of patients who modified the method at home was 2/62 for SV, 5/18 for EWUC + ECS, 9/15 for IC, and 2/4 for IUC. The majority of stroke patients were able to void spontaneously and the spontaneous voiding frequency increased at follow-up. The spontaneous voiding frequency was low in geriatric and single-divorced subgroups. The method in which the most changes occurred was IC.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Idiopathic spinal cord herniation (ISCH) is a rare cause of progressive myelopathy. Preoperative diagnosis can be made with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Many surgical techniques have been applied by various authors, and ISCH is usually reversible by surgical treatment.
To present a case of ISCH in two separate zones at two thoracic levels. To our knowledge, this is the first such case to be published in English literature. We also discuss the clinical findings, surgical procedures, and surgical outcomes for other previously reported cases of ISCH in the literature.
A 52-year-old woman with bilateral lower extremity weakness underwent thoracic MRI, which revealed transdural spinal cord herniation at two separate zones, namely, the T4-T5 and T5-T6 intervertebral disc levels.
During surgery, the spinal cord was reduced, the two separate dural defects were connected, and the new single defect was restored then reinforced with a thin layer of fascial graft. The posterior dural defect was then closed with interrupted stitches. The patient's neurologic status was characterized by no changing of the preoperative motor status. Follow-up MRI scans showed that the cord was replaced in the dural sac and showed cord hyperintensity in the herniation levels. The patient could move with a cane at the sixth month postoperatively.
Idiopathic spinal cord herniation is a rare clinical condition that should be considered in the differential diagnosis of paraplegia. Although progression of neurologic deficits can be very slow, reduction of the spinal cord and repair of the defect are crucial to stop or reverse the deterioration. The outcome for patients who initially have Brown-Séquard syndrome is significantly better than for patients who presented with spastic paralysis. To our knowledge, this case study represents the first reported instance in which two separate anterior dural defects caused two levels of anterior spinal cord herniation.
The spine journal: official journal of the North American Spine Society 08/2011; 11(8):e9-e14. DOI:10.1016/j.spinee.2011.07.003 · 2.43 Impact Factor