Shogo Murata

Yokohama City University, Yokohama, Kanagawa, Japan

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Publications (5)6.97 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: For accurate superior or posterior repositioning of the maxilla in Le Fort I osteotomy, bone removal around the descending palatine artery (DPA) and maxillary tuberosity is required. Because the most common site of hemorrhage in the Le Fort I osteotomy is the posterior maxilla, this bone removal provides surgeons to surgical frustration of DPA injury. When the DPA is injured during the bone removal and the ligation is performed, aseptic necrosis of the maxilla may occur. Therefore, we report the use of a simple handmade retractor to protect the DPA in Le Fort I osteotomy.
    The Journal of craniofacial surgery 05/2013; 24(3):978-979. · 0.81 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this experiment was to evaluate the histological effects of zoledronic acid on the periodontal space in rats. 40 male Wistar rats were divided into three zoledronic acid groups and a control group. Zoledronic acid was injected subcutaneously at doses of 10, 50, or 500μg/kg once a week for 3 weeks. The rats were killed 1 or 9 weeks after the last injection. Histological examination of the periodontal space around the incisor tooth revealed that zoledronic acid did not inhibit tooth development. In the rats killed 1 week after treatment discontinuation, the periodontal space gradually narrowed in response to increasing zoledronic acid doses, and the changes were statistically significant according to ANOVA but not according to ANOVA with post hoc tests. The changes persisted in the high-dose zoledronic acid group despite zoledronic acid discontinuation, with significant differences identified by ANOVA and ANOVA with post hoc tests. Therefore, although zoledronic acid had an insignificant effect on tooth development, it had a significant effect on the periodontal space when high doses were administered. The results of this experiment may provide useful information for future investigations on the role of zoledronic acid in the osteonecrosis of the jaw.
    International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery 12/2012; · 1.52 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Warthin tumor (WT) accounts for 4% to 13% of all salivary gland tumors. This benign tumor, which commonly arises in the parotid gland, is the second most common tumor of the salivary gland. WT is multicentric in 12% to 20% of patients and is bilateral in 5% to 14%. The mean age at diagnosis is 62 years (range, 12-92 years), and it rarely presents (<6%) before age 40 years. Extraparotid WT, arising from the submandibular gland or cervical lymph node for example, is very infrequent, with corresponding incidences of 0.4% to 6.9% and 8%, respectively. Moreover, WT arising from the minor salivary gland is extremely rare, with a reported incidence of merely 0.1% to 1.2%. We report here WT arising from the minor salivary gland in the buccal mucosa in a 66-year-old woman and review cases of WT of the minor salivary gland reported in the English literature.
    The Journal of craniofacial surgery 09/2012; 23(5):e374-6. · 0.81 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is a hepatic manifestation of metabolic syndrome that is closely associated with multiple factors such as obesity, hyperlipidemia and type 2 diabetes mellitus. However, other risk factors for the development of NAFLD are unclear. With the association between periodontal disease and the development of systemic diseases receiving increasing attention recently, we conducted this study to investigate the relationship between NAFLD and infection with Porphyromonas gingivalis (P. gingivalis), a major causative agent of periodontitis. The detection frequencies of periodontal bacteria in oral samples collected from 150 biopsy-proven NAFLD patients (102 with non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) and 48 with non-alcoholic fatty liver (NAFL) patients) and 60 non-NAFLD control subjects were determined. Detection of P. gingivalis and other periodontopathic bacteria were detected by PCR assay. In addition, effect of P. gingivalis-infection on mouse NAFLD model was investigated. To clarify the exact contribution of P. gingivalis-induced periodontitis, non-surgical periodontal treatments were also undertaken for 3 months in 10 NAFLD patients with periodontitis. The detection frequency of P. gingivalis in NAFLD patients was significantly higher than that in the non-NAFLD control subjects (46.7% vs. 21.7%, odds ratio: 3.16). In addition, the detection frequency of P. gingivalis in NASH patients was markedly higher than that in the non-NAFLD subjects (52.0%, odds ratio: 3.91). Most of the P. gingivalis fimbria detected in the NAFLD patients was of invasive genotypes, especially type II (50.0%). Infection of type II P. gingivalis on NAFLD model of mice accelerated the NAFLD progression. The non-surgical periodontal treatments on NAFLD patients carried out for 3 months ameliorated the liver function parameters, such as the serum levels of AST and ALT. Infection with high-virulence P. gingivalis might be an additional risk factor for the development/progression of NAFLD/NASH.
    BMC Gastroenterology 02/2012; 12:16. · 2.11 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: 5-Fluorouracil (5-FU) is widely used in the treatment of head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC). However, development of drug resistance is one of the major causes of HNSCC treatment failure. The goal of this study was to investigate the mechanism of 5-FU resistance and to develop a novel combination therapy with another agent which sensitizes cells to 5-FU. A 5-FU-resistant cell line, UM-SCC-23F/R, was developed from UM-SCC-23 cells. We determined sensitivities to 5-FU, etodolac and a combination treatment and also analyzed the expressions of cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) and thymidylate synthase (TS). Selective COX-2 inhibitor, etodolac, sensitized UM-SCC-23F/R cells to 5-FU. Expression of COX-2 decreased after etodolac treatment in both cell lines. While overexpression of TS was observed in UM-SCC-23F/R cells, etodolac inhibited TS expression, suggesting that the sensitizing effect induced by etodolac depends on TS suppression. We demonstrate for the first time an important inhibitory effect of etodolac on TS expression leading to sensitization to 5-FU in 5-FU-resistant cells. Our data suggest that TS inhibition can be accomplished by this routinely used nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug, and this may have a role as novel effective cancer treatment for 5-FU-resistant cancer.
    Anticancer research 09/2011; 31(9):2893-8. · 1.71 Impact Factor