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Publications (2)5.81 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Sestrin2 is involved in a different cellular response to stress conditions. However, the function of Sestrin2 in the cardiovascular system remains unknown. In the present study, we tested whether Sestrin2 has a beneficial effect on macrophage cell apoptosis induced by oxidized low-density lipoprotein (oxLDL). We found that oxLDL induces expression of Sestrin2 in RAW264.7 cells in a time-dependent and dose-dependent manner. We also found that knockdown of Sestrin2 using small RNA interference promotes cell apoptosis and reactive oxygen species production induced by oxLDL. In addition, our results show that the c-Jun NH(2)-terminal kinase (JNK)/c-Jun pathway is activated by oxLDL. Inhibiting the activity of the JNK pathway abolishes the increase of Sestrin2 induced by oxLDL. These findings suggest that the inductive effect of Sestrin2 is mediated by the JNK/c-Jun pathway. Our results indicate that the induction of Sestrin2 acts as a compensatory response to oxLDL for survival, implying that stimulating expression of Sestrin2 might be an effective pharmacological target for the treatment of lipid-related cardiovascular diseases.
    DNA and cell biology. 02/2015;
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    ABSTRACT: Omentin-1 (also known as intelectin-1) is a recently identified visceral adipose tissue-derived cytokine that is inversely related to obesity. Our previous study showed that omentin-1 inhibits osteoblastic differentiation of calcifying vascular smooth muscle cells (CVSMCs) in vitro. This study was undertaken to investigate the effects of omentin-1 on arterial calcification and bone metabolism in vivo. In vitro, omentin-1 stimulated production of osteoprotegerin (OPG) and inhibited production of receptor activator for nuclear factor κB ligand (RANKL) in both CVSMCs and osteoblasts. In vivo, adenovirus-mediated over-expression of omentin-1 attenuated arterial calcification and bone loss in OPG(-/-) mice. All these in vitro and in vivo actions were abrogated by blockade of the PI3K-Akt signalling pathway. Furthermore, omentin-1 reduced serum levels of RANKL, tartarate-resistant acid phosphatase-5b and osteocalcin, all of which are increased dramatically in OPG(-/-) mice. These data suggest that omentin-1 ameliorates arterial calcification and bone loss in vivo through the regulation of the RANK signalling pathway.
    Cardiovascular Research 08/2011; 92(2):296-306. · 5.81 Impact Factor