Quanshun Li

Jilin University, Yung-chi, Jilin Sheng, China

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Publications (29)117.44 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: A protein-polymer hybrid gene carrier HEP was sucessfully constructed based on thermophilic histone and polyethylenimine. The carrier exhibited low cytotoxicity and high transfection efficiency due to the synergistic effects between two components, which made it a potential vehicle in tumor gene therapy.
    New Journal of Chemistry 06/2015; DOI:10.1039/C5NJ01272D · 3.16 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A hybrid gene carrier, HGP, has been successfully constructed through the genipin-mediated cross-linking of thermophilic histone and PEI25K. The thermophilic histone gene GK2215 was cloned from Geobacillus kastophilus HTA426 and overexpressed in Escherichia coli BL21. The thermophilic histone was systematically characterized and then cross-linked with PEI25K by genipin to obtain HGP. Notably, HGP exhibited superior transfection efficiency due to the synergistic effects between these two components: PEI25K mainly contributed to the condensation and transfer of pDNA, while thermophilic histone could enhance the endosomal escape and further nuclear location to achieve high gene expression. Meanwhile, HGP showed much lower cytotoxicity and hemolytic activity than PEI25K due to the introduction of nontoxic thermophilic histone. In addition, a strong intrinsic red fluorescence could be obviously observed in HGP. In conclusion, the protein-polymer hybrid carrier could potentially be used as a theranostic delivery system for achieving both efficient gene therapy and in vivo imaging.
    ACS Macro Letters 05/2015; 4(5):575-578. DOI:10.1021/acsmacrolett.5b00141 · 5.24 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In this paper, N-isopropylacrylamide-modified polyethylenimine (PEN) was constructed through Michael addition and employed as a carrier to achieve the p53 gene delivery, using HeLa (p53wt) and PC-3 cells (p53null) as models. After PEN-mediated p53 transfection, expression level of p53 in HeLa and PC3 cells was up-regulated at both mRNA and protein levels. Due to the exogenous p53 expression, the inhibition of cell proliferation was observed through MTT analysis, attributing to the activation of apoptosis and cell cycle arrest. Using flow cytometric analysis, early apoptotic ratios of 54.95% and 27.06% after PEN-mediated p53 transfection were detected in PC-3 and HeLa cells, respectively, indicating that PC-3 cells were more sensitive to the exogenous p53 transfection than HeLa cells. Meanwhile, G1 phase arrest was detected in PC-3 cells while a unique G2 phase arrest was identified in HeLa cells after p53 transfection. Through Western blotting, activity analysis of caspase-3, caspase-8 and caspase-9 and mitochondrial membrane potential measurement, the apoptosis induced by PEN-mediated p53 transfection was conducted in a mitochondria-dependent apoptosis pathway. These results demonstrated that PEN could successfully mediate the p53 gene delivery and up-regulate the cellular p53 expression level, triggering a significant p53-dependent anti-proliferative effect on tumor cells. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
    Colloids and surfaces B: Biointerfaces 03/2015; 129. DOI:10.1016/j.colsurfb.2015.03.032 · 4.29 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The metastasis of breast cancer is the leading cause of cancer death in women. In this work, an attempt to simultaneously inhibit the primary tumor growth and organ-specific metastasis by the cisplatin-loaded LHRH-modified dextran nanoparticles (Dex-SA-CDDP-LHRH) was performed in the 4T1 orthotopic mammary tumor metastasis model. With the rationally designed conjugation site of the LHRH ligand, the Dex-SA-CDDP-LHRH nanoparticles maintained the targeting function of LHRH and specifically bound to the LHRH-receptors overexpressed on the surface of 4T1 breast cancer cells. Therefore, the Dex-SA-CDDP-LHRH nanoparticles exhibited improved cellular uptake and promoted cytotoxicity, when compared with the non-targeted Dex-SA-CDDP nanoparticles. Moreover, both the non-targeted and targeted nanoparticles significantly decreased the systemic toxicity of CDDP and increased the maximum tolerated dose of CDDP from 4 to 30 mg kg(-1). Importantly, Dex-SA-CDDP-LHRH markedly enhanced the accumulation of CDDP in the injected primary tumor and metastasis-containing organs, and meanwhile significantly reduced the nephrotoxicity of CDDP. Dose-dependent therapeutic effects further demonstrated that the CDDP-loaded LHRH-decorated polysaccharide nanoparticles significantly enhanced the antitumor and antimetastasis efficacy, as compared to the non-targeted nanoparticles. These results suggest that Dex-SA-CDDP-LHRH nanoparticles show great potential for targeted chemotherapy of metastatic breast cancer. Copyright © 2015. Published by Elsevier Ltd.
    Acta Biomaterialia 02/2015; 18. DOI:10.1016/j.actbio.2015.02.022 · 5.68 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In this study, porous PLGA microparticles for the co-delivery of doxorubicin and PEI25K/p53 were successfully prepared by the water-oil-water emulsion solvent evaporation method, using ammonium bicarbonate as a porogen. The porous microparticles were obtained with a mean diameter of 22.9±11.8μm as determined by laser scattering particle size analysis. The particles' surface porous morphology and distributions of doxorubicin and p53 were systematically characterized by scanning electron microscopy, flow cytometry, fluorescence microscopy and confocal laser scanning microscopy, revealing that doxorubicin and the plasmid were successfully co-encapsulated. Encapsulation efficiencies of 88.2±1.7% and 36.5±7.5% were achieved for doxorubicin and the plasmid, respectively, demonstrating that the porous structure did not adversely affect payload encapsulation. Microparticles harboring both doxorubicin and PEI25K/p53 exhibited enhanced tumor growth inhibition and apoptosis induction compared to those loaded with either agent alone in A549 human lung adenocarcinoma cells. Overall, the porous PLGA microparticles provide a promising anticancer delivery system for combined chemotherapy and gene therapy, and have great potential as a tool for sustained local drug delivery by inhalation.
    Colloids and surfaces B: Biointerfaces 07/2014; 122. DOI:10.1016/j.colsurfb.2014.07.020 · 4.29 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In the present study, block copolymers were first synthesized through a tandem ring-opening metathesis polymerization (ROMP) and conventional enzymatic ring-opening polymerization (eROP) from hydroxyl initiator. Furthermore, a novel synthesis route, single-step eROP from esters precursor was successfully developed to synthesize targeted copolymers. The as-prepared polymers were analyzed by NMR, GPC, DSC and MALDI-TOF-MS. There was no difference in the characteristic peaks of NMR between the end products obtained from these two synthetic routes. The GPC data showed that the copolymer obtained from single-step eROP was similar to the end product obtained from the traditional multi-step synthesis method. Afterwards, we used model compounds to carry out the conventional eROP and the single-step eROP. Finally, through the kinetic analysis and structural analysis of the resulting product, a reasonable initiation mechanism for this single-step eROP was elucidated.
    Biomacromolecules 07/2014; 15(8). DOI:10.1021/bm500723k · 5.79 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The immobilized thermophilic esterase from Archaeoglobus fulgidus was successfully constructed through the glutaraldehyde-mediated covalent coupling after its physical adsorption on a hydrophobic macroporous resin, Sepabeads EC-OD. Through 0.05% glutaraldehyde treatment, the prevention of enzyme leaching and the maintenance of catalytic activity could be simultaneously realized. Using the enzymatic ring-opening polymerization of ε-caprolactone as a model, effects of organic solvents and reaction temperature on the monomer conversion and product molecular weight were systematically investigated. After the optimization of reaction conditions, products were obtained with 100% monomer conversion and Mn values lower than 1010 g/mol. Furthermore, the cross‑linked immobilized thermophilic esterase exhibited an excellent operational stability, with monomer conversion values exceeding 90% over the course of 12 batch reactions, still more than 80% after 16 batch reactions.
    Molecules 07/2014; 19(7):9838-9849. DOI:10.3390/molecules19079838 · 2.42 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Two types of carbon dots (C dots) exhibiting respective excitation-independent blue emission and excitation-dependent full-color emissions have been synthesized via a mild one-pot process from chloroform and diethylamine. This new bottom-up synthetic strategy leads to highly stable crystalline C dots with tunable surface functionalities in high reproducibility. By detailed characterization and comparison of the two types of C dots, it is proved concretely that the surface functional groups, such as C═O and C═N, can efficiently introduce new energy levels for electron transitions and result in the continuously adjustable full-color emissions. A simplified energy level and electron transition diagram has been proposed to help understand how surface functional groups affect the emission properties. By taking advantage of the unique excitation-dependent full-color emissions, various new applications can be anticipated. Here, as an example, a ratiometric pH sensor using two emission wavelengths of the C dots as independent references has been constructed to improve the reliability and accuracy, and the pH sensor is applied to the measurement of intracellular pH values and cancer diagnosis.
    Chemistry of Materials 05/2014; 26(10):3104–3112. DOI:10.1021/cm5003669 · 8.54 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In the past three years, enzymatic polymerization has dramatically developed and provided many successful examples in the construction of functional polymeric materials. In this review, the lipase-catalyzed synthesis of polymeric materials is systematically summarized, focusing on the synthesis of complex and well-defined polyesters. Exploration of novel biocatalysts and reaction media is described, with particular emphasis on the enzymes obtained via immobilization or protein engineering strategies, green solvents and reactors. Enzymatic polyester synthesis is then discussed with regard to the different reaction types, including ring-opening polymerization, polycondensation, combination of ring-opening polymerization with polycondensation, and chemoenzymatic polymerization. Using enzymatic polymerization, many polymeric materials with tailor-made structures and properties have been successfully designed and synthesized. Finally, recent developments in catalytic kinetics and mechanistic studies through the use of spectroscopy, mathematics and computer techniques are introduced. Overall, the review demonstrates that lipase-catalyzed synthesis of polymeric materials could be a promising platform for green polymer chemistry, and will be potential to produce biodegradable and biocompatible polymers.
    PROCESS BIOCHEMISTRY 05/2014; 49(5). DOI:10.1016/j.procbio.2014.02.006 · 2.52 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In the past two decades, enzymatic polymerization has rapidly developed and become an important polymer synthesis technique. However, the range of polymers resulting from enzymatic polymerization could be further expanded through combination with chemical methods. This review systematically introduces recent developments in the combination of lipase-catalyzed polymerization with atom transfer radical polymerization (ATRP), kinetic resolution, reversible addition-fragmentation chain transfer (RAFT), click reaction and carbene chemistry to construct polymeric materials like block, brush, comb and graft copolymers, hyperbranched and chiral polymers. Moreover, it presents a thorough and descriptive evaluation of future trends and perspectives concerning chemoenzymatic polymerization. It is expected that combining enzymatic polymerization with multiple chemical methods will be an efficient tool for producing more highly advanced polymeric materials.
    Biotechnology advances 04/2014; 32(3). DOI:10.1016/j.biotechadv.2014.04.011 · 8.91 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The days of rewritable paper are coming, printers of the future will use water-jet paper. Although several kinds of rewritable paper have been reported, practical usage of them is rare. Herein, a new rewritable paper for ink-free printing is proposed and demonstrated successfully by using water as the sole trigger to switch hydrochromic dyes on solid media. Water-jet prints with various colours are achieved with a commercial desktop printer based on these hydrochromic rewritable papers. The prints can be erased and rewritten dozens of times with no significant loss in colour quality. This rewritable paper is promising in that it can serve an eco-friendly information display to meet the increasing global needs for environmental protection.
    Nature Communications 01/2014; 5:3044. DOI:10.1038/ncomms4044 · 10.74 Impact Factor
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    Journal of Controlled Release 11/2013; 172(1):e111. DOI:10.1016/j.jconrel.2013.08.269 · 7.26 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The paper explored the catalytic activity of a cell debris self-immobilized thermophilic lipase for polyester synthesis, using the ring-opening polymerization of ε-caprolactone as model. Effects of biocatalyst concentration, temperature, and reaction medium on monomer conversion and product molecular weight were systematically evaluated. The biocatalyst displayed high catalytic activity at high temperatures (70-90 °C), with 100 % monomer conversion. High monomer conversion values (>90 %) were achieved in both hydrophobic and hydrophilic solvents, and also in solvent-free system, with the exception of dichloromethane. Poly(ε-caprolactone) was obtained in 100 % monomer conversion, with a number-average molecular weight of 1,680 g/mol and a polydispersity index of 1.35 in cyclohexane at 70 °C for 72 h. Furthermore, the biocatalyst exhibited excellent operational stability, with monomer conversion values exceeding 90 % over the course of 15 batch reactions.
    Applied biochemistry and biotechnology 03/2013; 170(2). DOI:10.1007/s12010-013-0152-z · 1.74 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Silibinin, a flavonoid compound, has shown to be of chemopreventive potential against many cancers. However, its efficacy against gastric cancer has not been well elucidated. Here, we assessed the activity of Silibinin on apoptosis and cell-cycle arrest in human gastric cells culture system using SGC-7901 as the model. Silibinin treatment could inhibit the cell growth and cause a prominent G(2) phase arrest and apoptosis in dose- and time-dependent manner. In mechanistic studies, Silibinin decreased the protein level of p34cdc2, which might be the possible molecular mechanism of Silibinin efficacy on the growth inhibition in SGC-7901 cells. In addition, Silibinin caused an increase in p53 and p21 protein level as well as mRNA levels. Interestingly, Silibinin-induced apoptosis in SGC-7901 cells was independent of caspases activation. These results indicated that Silibinin is a cell-cycle regulator and apoptosis inducer in human gastric carcinoma SGC-7901 cells and might be used as a candidate chemopreventive agent for gastric carcinoma prevention and intervention. Copyright © 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
    Phytotherapy Research 03/2013; 27(3). DOI:10.1002/ptr.4733 · 2.40 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Nonsmall cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is the leading cause of cancer-related death worldwide. Herein, we develop a polypeptide-based block ionomer complex formed by anionic methoxy poly(ethylene glycol)-b-poly(l-glutamic acid) (mPEG-b-PLG) and cationic anticancer drug doxorubicin hydrochloride (DOX·HCl) for NSCLC treatment. This complex spontaneously self-assembled into spherical nanoparticles (NPs) in aqueous solutions via electrostatic interaction and hydrophobic stack, with a high loading efficiency (almost 100%) and negative surface charge. DOX·HCl release from the drug-loaded micellar nanoparticles (mPEG-b-PLG-DOX·HCl) was slow at physiological pH, but obviously increased at the acidic pH mimicking the endosomal/lysosomal environment. In vitro cytotoxicity and hemolysis assays demonstrated that the block copolypeptide was cytocompatible and hemocompatible, and the presence of copolypeptide carrier could reduce the hemolysis ratio of DOX·HCl significantly. Cellular uptake and cytotoxicity studies suggested that mPEG-b-PLG-DOX·HCl was taken up by A549 cells via endocytosis, with a slightly slower cellular internalization and lower cytotoxicity compared with free DOX·HCl. The pharmacokinetics study in rats showed that DOX·HCl-loaded micellar NPs significantly prolonged the blood circulation time. Moreover, mPEG-b-PLG-DOX·HCl exhibited enhanced therapeutic efficacy, increased apoptosis in tumor tissues, and reduced systemic toxicity in nude mice bearing A549 lung cancer xenograft compared with free DOX·HCl, which were further confirmed by histological and immunohistochemical analyses. The results demonstrated that mPEG-b-PLG was a promising vector to deliver DOX·HCl into tumors and achieve improved pharmacokinetics, biodistribution and efficacy of DOX·HCl with reduced toxicity. These features strongly supported the interest of developing mPEG-b-PLG-DOX·HCl as a valid therapeutic modality in the therapy of human NSCLC and other solid tumors.
    ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces 02/2013; 5(5). DOI:10.1021/am303073u · 5.90 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The ring-opening polymerization of δ-valerolactone catalyzed by a thermophilic esterase from the archaeon Archaeoglobus fulgidus was successfully conducted in organic solvents. The effects of enzyme concentration, temperature, reaction time and reaction medium on monomer conversion and product molecular weight were systematically evaluated. Through the optimization of reaction conditions, poly(δ-valerolactone) was produced in 97% monomer conversion, with a number-average molecular weight of 2225 g/mol, in toluene at 70 °C for 72 h. This paper has produced a new biocatalyst for the synthesis of poly(δ-valerolactone), and also deeper insight has been gained into the mechanism of thermophilic esterase-catalyzed ring-opening polymerization.
    International Journal of Molecular Sciences 12/2012; 13(10):12232-41. DOI:10.3390/ijms131012232 · 2.34 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: CDDP is loaded into methoxypoly(ethylene glycol)-block-poly(L-glutamic acid) (mPEG-b-PLG), and a combination with iRGD is applied for NSCLC chemotherapy. The CDDP-loaded micelles show sustained cisplatin release in PBS, dose- and time-dependent inhibition to HeLa and A549 cell proliferation, and no apparent hemolysis activities. In in vivo studies using subcutaneous NSCLC xenograft models (A549), both free CDDP and CDDP-loaded micelles show an evident anti-tumor effect. However, the toxicity of CDDP is significantly reduced in the cases of CDDP-loaded micelles and co-administration with iRGD, and the survival time is prolonged by over 30%. Therefore, mPEG-b-PLG-loaded cisplatin and the combination with iRGD provides a promising new therapy for NSCLC.
    Macromolecular Bioscience 11/2012; 12(11). DOI:10.1002/mabi.201200145 · 3.65 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Over the last decade, there has been an increasing interest in lipase/esterase-catalyzed polycondensation as an alternative to metal-based catalytic process, because the former can proceed under mild reaction conditions and does not cause undesirable side reactions or produce trace metallic residues. In this review, the in vitro synthesis of aliphatic polyesters by polycondensation using lipases or esterases is systematically summarized, especially for the synthesis of complex and well-defined polyesters. The polycondensation of diols with diacids or their activated esters, including alkyl, haloalkyl and vinyl esters, through esterification and transesterification polycondensation reactions is discussed. In addition, three or more monomers can also be polymerized simultaneously, which provides a new route for preparing functional polymers. Self-polycondensation with respect to hydroxyl and mercapto acids or their esters is another reaction mode discussed in the review. Finally, concurrent enzymatic ring-opening polymerization and polycondensation has been developed to construct novel polyesters with tailor-made structures and properties. Overall, the review demonstrates that lipase/esterase-catalyzed synthesis of polyesters via polycondensation provides an effective platform for conducting “eco-friendly polymer chemistry”.
    PROCESS BIOCHEMISTRY 07/2012; 47(7):1027–1036. DOI:10.1016/j.procbio.2012.04.006 · 2.52 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The paper explored the regulatory role of oligodeoxynucleotides (ODNs) with specific sequences in the proliferation and activation of osteoblast, using human osteoblast-like cell line MG 63 as the model. Through the administration of ODNs to MG 63 cells at a concentration of 1.0 μg/mL, ODN MT01 with positive effects on proliferation and activation of osteoblast was selected from 11 different ODNs by methyl thiazolyl tetrazolium (MTT) assay and alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity measurement. To get a deeper insight into the molecular mechanism, effects of ODN MT01 treatment on the expression level of Sp7, runx-2, collagen-I, osteoprotegerin (OPG) and RANK ligand (RANKL) were determined using quantitative real time PCR and Western blotting. Remarkably, the mRNA and protein expression levels of Sp7, runx-2, collagen-I and OPG were improved after ODN MT01 treatment. Meanwhile, the protein expression level of RANKL was dramatically decreased. These results suggested that ODN MT01 had a significant impact in facilitating osteogenic proliferation and activation, and provided a direct evidence for the notion that single strand ODN could regulate the balance of bone formation and resorption, and thus was of great potential in the rebuilding of alveolar bone.
    International Journal of Molecular Sciences 12/2011; 12(4):2543-55. DOI:10.3390/ijms12042543 · 2.34 Impact Factor
  • Guangquan Li, Quanshun Li
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    ABSTRACT: This paper reviews the immobilization of a thermophilic esterase, AFEST from the archaeon Archaeoglobus fulgidus, on a hydrophobic macroporous resin and its application in polyester synthesis using the ring-opening polymerization of ɛ-caprolactone as a model. Using the physical adsorption technique, the AFEST loading concentration after 24 h was 152 mg AFEST per g of support. Particle size and surface morphology of the immobilized enzyme were investigated using laser scattering analysis and scanning electron microscopy. The effects of enzyme concentration, temperature, reaction time and reaction medium on monomer conversion and product molecular weight were systematically investigated. Through the optimization of reaction parameters, poly(ɛ-caprolactone) was obtained at an almost 100% monomer conversion rate and with a low average molecular weight (< 1,100 g/mol). Finally, the immobilized enzyme exhibited good operational stability, with a monomer conversion value of more than 55% after four batch reactions.
    Biotechnology and Bioprocess Engineering 12/2011; 16(6). DOI:10.1007/s12257-011-0260-y · 1.22 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

188 Citations
117.44 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2009–2015
    • Jilin University
      • • College of Life Sciences
      • • Key Laboratory for Molecular Enzymology and Engineering
      • • Department of Molecular Biology
      Yung-chi, Jilin Sheng, China
  • 2013
    • Chinese Academy of Sciences
      Peping, Beijing, China