Quanshun Li

Jilin University, Yung-chi, Jilin Sheng, China

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Publications (24)64.54 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: In this study, porous PLGA microparticles for the co-delivery of doxorubicin and PEI25K/p53 were successfully prepared by the water-oil-water emulsion solvent evaporation method, using ammonium bicarbonate as a porogen. The porous microparticles were obtained with a mean diameter of 22.9±11.8μm as determined by laser scattering particle size analysis. The particles' surface porous morphology and distributions of doxorubicin and p53 were systematically characterized by scanning electron microscopy, flow cytometry, fluorescence microscopy and confocal laser scanning microscopy, revealing that doxorubicin and the plasmid were successfully co-encapsulated. Encapsulation efficiencies of 88.2±1.7% and 36.5±7.5% were achieved for doxorubicin and the plasmid, respectively, demonstrating that the porous structure did not adversely affect payload encapsulation. Microparticles harboring both doxorubicin and PEI25K/p53 exhibited enhanced tumor growth inhibition and apoptosis induction compared to those loaded with either agent alone in A549 human lung adenocarcinoma cells. Overall, the porous PLGA microparticles provide a promising anticancer delivery system for combined chemotherapy and gene therapy, and have great potential as a tool for sustained local drug delivery by inhalation.
    Colloids and surfaces B: Biointerfaces 07/2014; · 4.28 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Two types of carbon dots (C dots) exhibiting respective excitation-independent blue emission and excitation-dependent full-color emissions have been synthesized via a mild one-pot process from chloroform and diethylamine. This new bottom-up synthetic strategy leads to highly stable crystalline C dots with tunable surface functionalities in high reproducibility. By detailed characterization and comparison of the two types of C dots, it is proved concretely that the surface functional groups, such as C═O and C═N, can efficiently introduce new energy levels for electron transitions and result in the continuously adjustable full-color emissions. A simplified energy level and electron transition diagram has been proposed to help understand how surface functional groups affect the emission properties. By taking advantage of the unique excitation-dependent full-color emissions, various new applications can be anticipated. Here, as an example, a ratiometric pH sensor using two emission wavelengths of the C dots as independent references has been constructed to improve the reliability and accuracy, and the pH sensor is applied to the measurement of intracellular pH values and cancer diagnosis.
    Chemistry of Materials. 05/2014; 26(10):3104–3112.
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    ABSTRACT: In the past three years, enzymatic polymerization has dramatically developed and provided many successful examples in the construction of functional polymeric materials. In this review, the lipase-catalyzed synthesis of polymeric materials is systematically summarized, focusing on the synthesis of complex and well-defined polyesters. Exploration of novel biocatalysts and reaction media is described, with particular emphasis on the enzymes obtained via immobilization or protein engineering strategies, green solvents and reactors. Enzymatic polyester synthesis is then discussed with regard to the different reaction types, including ring-opening polymerization, polycondensation, combination of ring-opening polymerization with polycondensation, and chemoenzymatic polymerization. Using enzymatic polymerization, many polymeric materials with tailor-made structures and properties have been successfully designed and synthesized. Finally, recent developments in catalytic kinetics and mechanistic studies through the use of spectroscopy, mathematics and computer techniques are introduced. Overall, the review demonstrates that lipase-catalyzed synthesis of polymeric materials could be a promising platform for green polymer chemistry, and will be potential to produce biodegradable and biocompatible polymers.
    PROCESS BIOCHEMISTRY 05/2014; · 2.41 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In the past two decades, enzymatic polymerization has rapidly developed and become an important polymer synthesis technique. However, the range of polymers resulting from enzymatic polymerization could be further expanded through combination with chemical methods. This review systematically introduces recent developments in the combination of lipase-catalyzed polymerization with atom transfer radical polymerization (ATRP), kinetic resolution, reversible addition-fragmentation chain transfer (RAFT), click reaction and carbene chemistry to construct polymeric materials like block, brush, comb and graft copolymers, hyperbranched and chiral polymers. Moreover, it presents a thorough and descriptive evaluation of future trends and perspectives concerning chemoenzymatic polymerization. It is expected that combining enzymatic polymerization with multiple chemical methods will be an efficient tool for producing more highly advanced polymeric materials.
    Biotechnology advances 04/2014; · 8.25 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The days of rewritable paper are coming, printers of the future will use water-jet paper. Although several kinds of rewritable paper have been reported, practical usage of them is rare. Herein, a new rewritable paper for ink-free printing is proposed and demonstrated successfully by using water as the sole trigger to switch hydrochromic dyes on solid media. Water-jet prints with various colours are achieved with a commercial desktop printer based on these hydrochromic rewritable papers. The prints can be erased and rewritten dozens of times with no significant loss in colour quality. This rewritable paper is promising in that it can serve an eco-friendly information display to meet the increasing global needs for environmental protection.
    Nature Communications 01/2014; 5:3044. · 10.74 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The immobilized thermophilic esterase from Archaeoglobus fulgidus was successfully constructed through the glutaraldehyde-mediated covalent coupling after its physical adsorption on a hydrophobic macroporous resin, Sepabeads EC-OD. Through 0.05% glutaraldehyde treatment, the prevention of enzyme leaching and the maintenance of catalytic activity could be simultaneously realized. Using the enzymatic ring-opening polymerization of ε-caprolactone as a model, effects of organic solvents and reaction temperature on the monomer conversion and product molecular weight were systematically investigated. After the optimization of reaction conditions, products were obtained with 100% monomer conversion and Mn values lower than 1010 g/mol. Furthermore, the cross‑linked immobilized thermophilic esterase exhibited an excellent operational stability, with monomer conversion values exceeding 90% over the course of 12 batch reactions, still more than 80% after 16 batch reactions.
    Molecules (Basel, Switzerland). 01/2014; 19(7):9838-9849.
  • Journal of Controlled Release 11/2013; 172(1):e111. · 7.63 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The paper explored the catalytic activity of a cell debris self-immobilized thermophilic lipase for polyester synthesis, using the ring-opening polymerization of ε-caprolactone as model. Effects of biocatalyst concentration, temperature, and reaction medium on monomer conversion and product molecular weight were systematically evaluated. The biocatalyst displayed high catalytic activity at high temperatures (70-90 °C), with 100 % monomer conversion. High monomer conversion values (>90 %) were achieved in both hydrophobic and hydrophilic solvents, and also in solvent-free system, with the exception of dichloromethane. Poly(ε-caprolactone) was obtained in 100 % monomer conversion, with a number-average molecular weight of 1,680 g/mol and a polydispersity index of 1.35 in cyclohexane at 70 °C for 72 h. Furthermore, the biocatalyst exhibited excellent operational stability, with monomer conversion values exceeding 90 % over the course of 15 batch reactions.
    Applied biochemistry and biotechnology 03/2013; · 1.94 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Nonsmall cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is the leading cause of cancer-related death worldwide. Herein, we develop a polypeptide-based block ionomer complex formed by anionic methoxy poly(ethylene glycol)-b-poly(l-glutamic acid) (mPEG-b-PLG) and cationic anticancer drug doxorubicin hydrochloride (DOX·HCl) for NSCLC treatment. This complex spontaneously self-assembled into spherical nanoparticles (NPs) in aqueous solutions via electrostatic interaction and hydrophobic stack, with a high loading efficiency (almost 100%) and negative surface charge. DOX·HCl release from the drug-loaded micellar nanoparticles (mPEG-b-PLG-DOX·HCl) was slow at physiological pH, but obviously increased at the acidic pH mimicking the endosomal/lysosomal environment. In vitro cytotoxicity and hemolysis assays demonstrated that the block copolypeptide was cytocompatible and hemocompatible, and the presence of copolypeptide carrier could reduce the hemolysis ratio of DOX·HCl significantly. Cellular uptake and cytotoxicity studies suggested that mPEG-b-PLG-DOX·HCl was taken up by A549 cells via endocytosis, with a slightly slower cellular internalization and lower cytotoxicity compared with free DOX·HCl. The pharmacokinetics study in rats showed that DOX·HCl-loaded micellar NPs significantly prolonged the blood circulation time. Moreover, mPEG-b-PLG-DOX·HCl exhibited enhanced therapeutic efficacy, increased apoptosis in tumor tissues, and reduced systemic toxicity in nude mice bearing A549 lung cancer xenograft compared with free DOX·HCl, which were further confirmed by histological and immunohistochemical analyses. The results demonstrated that mPEG-b-PLG was a promising vector to deliver DOX·HCl into tumors and achieve improved pharmacokinetics, biodistribution and efficacy of DOX·HCl with reduced toxicity. These features strongly supported the interest of developing mPEG-b-PLG-DOX·HCl as a valid therapeutic modality in the therapy of human NSCLC and other solid tumors.
    ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces 02/2013; · 5.90 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: CDDP is loaded into methoxypoly(ethylene glycol)-block-poly(L-glutamic acid) (mPEG-b-PLG), and a combination with iRGD is applied for NSCLC chemotherapy. The CDDP-loaded micelles show sustained cisplatin release in PBS, dose- and time-dependent inhibition to HeLa and A549 cell proliferation, and no apparent hemolysis activities. In in vivo studies using subcutaneous NSCLC xenograft models (A549), both free CDDP and CDDP-loaded micelles show an evident anti-tumor effect. However, the toxicity of CDDP is significantly reduced in the cases of CDDP-loaded micelles and co-administration with iRGD, and the survival time is prolonged by over 30%. Therefore, mPEG-b-PLG-loaded cisplatin and the combination with iRGD provides a promising new therapy for NSCLC.
    Macromolecular Bioscience 10/2012; · 3.74 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Over the last decade, there has been an increasing interest in lipase/esterase-catalyzed polycondensation as an alternative to metal-based catalytic process, because the former can proceed under mild reaction conditions and does not cause undesirable side reactions or produce trace metallic residues. In this review, the in vitro synthesis of aliphatic polyesters by polycondensation using lipases or esterases is systematically summarized, especially for the synthesis of complex and well-defined polyesters. The polycondensation of diols with diacids or their activated esters, including alkyl, haloalkyl and vinyl esters, through esterification and transesterification polycondensation reactions is discussed. In addition, three or more monomers can also be polymerized simultaneously, which provides a new route for preparing functional polymers. Self-polycondensation with respect to hydroxyl and mercapto acids or their esters is another reaction mode discussed in the review. Finally, concurrent enzymatic ring-opening polymerization and polycondensation has been developed to construct novel polyesters with tailor-made structures and properties. Overall, the review demonstrates that lipase/esterase-catalyzed synthesis of polyesters via polycondensation provides an effective platform for conducting “eco-friendly polymer chemistry”.
    Process Biochemistry. 07/2012; 47(7):1027–1036.
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    ABSTRACT: Silibinin, a flavonoid compound, has shown to be of chemopreventive potential against many cancers. However, its efficacy against gastric cancer has not been well elucidated. Here, we assessed the activity of Silibinin on apoptosis and cell-cycle arrest in human gastric cells culture system using SGC-7901 as the model. Silibinin treatment could inhibit the cell growth and cause a prominent G(2) phase arrest and apoptosis in dose- and time-dependent manner. In mechanistic studies, Silibinin decreased the protein level of p34cdc2, which might be the possible molecular mechanism of Silibinin efficacy on the growth inhibition in SGC-7901 cells. In addition, Silibinin caused an increase in p53 and p21 protein level as well as mRNA levels. Interestingly, Silibinin-induced apoptosis in SGC-7901 cells was independent of caspases activation. These results indicated that Silibinin is a cell-cycle regulator and apoptosis inducer in human gastric carcinoma SGC-7901 cells and might be used as a candidate chemopreventive agent for gastric carcinoma prevention and intervention. Copyright © 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
    Phytotherapy Research 05/2012; · 2.07 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The ring-opening polymerization of δ-valerolactone catalyzed by a thermophilic esterase from the archaeon Archaeoglobus fulgidus was successfully conducted in organic solvents. The effects of enzyme concentration, temperature, reaction time and reaction medium on monomer conversion and product molecular weight were systematically evaluated. Through the optimization of reaction conditions, poly(δ-valerolactone) was produced in 97% monomer conversion, with a number-average molecular weight of 2225 g/mol, in toluene at 70 °C for 72 h. This paper has produced a new biocatalyst for the synthesis of poly(δ-valerolactone), and also deeper insight has been gained into the mechanism of thermophilic esterase-catalyzed ring-opening polymerization.
    International Journal of Molecular Sciences 01/2012; 13(10):12232-41. · 2.46 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Abstract Ring-opening polymerization of ε-caprolactone has been successfully conducted using an immobilized form of Candida antarctica lipase B as catalyst. The effects of enzyme concentration, reaction medium, reaction temperature and time on monomer conversion and product molecular weight were investigated. Through optimization of reaction conditions, poly(ε-caprolactone) (PCL) was obtained with 99% monomer conversion and a number-average molecular weight (Mn) of 18870 g/mol. The reaction system was then scaled up, and PCL was synthesized in 78% isolated yield, with Mn and polydispersity index of 41540 g/mol and 1.69, respectively. The solid-state properties of this sample were systematically evaluated using thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), wide-angle X-ray diffraction (WAXD) and polarized optical microscopy (POM). The product PCL showed excellent thermal stability, with degradation of the main chain in the temperature range of 280–450°C. Remarkably, this high molecular weight PCL was a typical crystalline polymer with a high degree of crystallinity observed by DSC, WAXD and POM.
    11/2011; 29(6):337-343.
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    ABSTRACT: Glutathione peroxidase (GPX), superoxide dismutase (SOD) and catalase (CAT) play crucial roles in the metabolism and homeostasis of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in living organisms. From examination of the steady state and pre-steady state kinetic behavior of natural GPX it was found that, in contrast to accepted theories, the affinity of the enzyme for H(2)O(2) rather than reduced glutathione (GSH) most significantly affects its kinetic behavior. Consequently, an enzyme mimic was produced with a similar affinity for the substrate H(2)O(2). A salicylaldehyde Schiff base containing a dimanganese centre was selected as a precursor, because it has high H(2)O(2)-binding affinity for such a relatively small molecule and similar catalytic activity to that of SOD and CAT. Selenium was also incorporated into the catalytic center to provide activity similar to that of GPX, and thus trifunctional enzymatic activity. The K(mH2O2) of the mimic (7.32×10(-2) mM) was found quite close to that of natural enzyme (1.0×10(-2) mM), indicating that the affinity of the mimic to H(2)O(2) was successfully increased to approach natural GPX. The steady state kinetic performance of the enzyme mimic showed that the ratio between k(cat)/K(mGSH) and k(cat)/ K(mH2O2) was quite similar to that of native GPX, indicating that the Mn(III)(2)(L-Se-SO(3)Na) had the same selectivity for both substrates GSH and H(2)O(2) as native GPX, which put it among the best existing GPX mimics. Moreover, the new mimic was confirmed to strongly inhibit lipid peroxidation and mitochondrial swelling, probably due to the synergism between the three antioxidant enzymatic activities.
    Journal of inorganic biochemistry 02/2011; 105(2):283-8. · 3.25 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: This paper discussed the use of a recombinant Escherichia coli whole-cell biocatalyst harboring a thermophilic lipase gene from Fervidobacterium nodosum in the catalytic synthesis of polyesters. The ring-opening polymerization of ɛ-caprolactone was used as a model reaction to study the effects of temperature and reaction medium on monomer conversion and the molecular weight of the product. The whole-cell biocatalyst displayed high catalytic activity at high temperatures (70–90 °C), with almost 100% monomer conversion. Meanwhile, high monomer conversion values (>97%) were achieved in both hydrophobic and hydrophilic solvents, with the exception of dichloromethane (85%). Poly(ɛ-caprolactone) was obtained in 100% monomer conversion, with a number-average molecular weight of 2000 g/mol and a polydispersity index of 1.47 in cyclohexane at 70 °C for 72 h. Furthermore, the whole-cell biocatalyst exhibited excellent operational stability, with monomer conversion values exceeding 90% over the course of 10 batch reactions. To verify the practicality of the procedure, scale-up reaction was also performed with isolated yield and number-average molecular weight of ca. 70% and 2140 g/mol, respectively.
    Process Biochemistry. 01/2011;
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    ABSTRACT: The paper explored the regulatory role of oligodeoxynucleotides (ODNs) with specific sequences in the proliferation and activation of osteoblast, using human osteoblast-like cell line MG 63 as the model. Through the administration of ODNs to MG 63 cells at a concentration of 1.0 μg/mL, ODN MT01 with positive effects on proliferation and activation of osteoblast was selected from 11 different ODNs by methyl thiazolyl tetrazolium (MTT) assay and alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity measurement. To get a deeper insight into the molecular mechanism, effects of ODN MT01 treatment on the expression level of Sp7, runx-2, collagen-I, osteoprotegerin (OPG) and RANK ligand (RANKL) were determined using quantitative real time PCR and Western blotting. Remarkably, the mRNA and protein expression levels of Sp7, runx-2, collagen-I and OPG were improved after ODN MT01 treatment. Meanwhile, the protein expression level of RANKL was dramatically decreased. These results suggested that ODN MT01 had a significant impact in facilitating osteogenic proliferation and activation, and provided a direct evidence for the notion that single strand ODN could regulate the balance of bone formation and resorption, and thus was of great potential in the rebuilding of alveolar bone.
    International Journal of Molecular Sciences 01/2011; 12(4):2543-55. · 2.46 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Silibinin, an effective anti-cancer and chemopreventive agent in various epithelial cancer models, has been reported to inhibit cancer cell growth through mitogenic signaling pathways. However, whether it can inhibit human pancreatic carcinoma growth and what are the underlying mechanisms is still not well elucidated. Here, we evaluated the inhibitory proliferation effects of Silibinin in pancreatic carcinoma growth and examined whether Silibinin modulates cell cycle and apoptosis. Our results indicate that Silibinin effectively inhibited the pancreatic carcinoma AsPC-1, BxPC-3 and Panc-1 cells' proliferation and caused apoptosis. Silibinin induced a decrease in S phase and cell cycle arrest in G1 phase in AsPC-1 cells, but had no obvious changes in BxPC-3 and Panc-1 cell cycle. Furthermore, these results suggest that Silibinin might be a candidate chemopreventive agent for pancreatic carcinoma therapy.
    International Journal of Molecular Sciences 01/2011; 12(8):4861-71. · 2.46 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The paper explored the catalytic activity of a novel thermophilic lipase from Fervidobacterium nodosum for polyester synthesis, using the ring-opening polymerization of ɛ-caprolactone as the model. Effects of enzyme concentration, reaction medium, temperature and reaction time on monomer conversion, product molecular weight and distribution were systematically investigated. Remarkably, the enzyme could be effectively performed at high temperatures, and showed the highest activity towards the polymerization of ɛ-caprolactone at 90 °C. Through the optimization of reaction conditions, poly(ɛ-caprolactone) was obtained in almost 100% monomer conversion, with a number-average molecular weight of 2340 g/mol and a polydispersity index of 1.34 in toluene at 90 °C for 72 h. Michaelis–Menten kinetic analysis indicated that compared with Candida antarctica lipase B, the enzyme had higher affinity for ɛ-caprolactone with a Km value of 0.35 mol/L. Furthermore, the possible structural and energetic basis of the interaction of enzyme and the monomer ɛ-caprolactone was elucidated using molecular docking.
    Process Biochemistry. 01/2011; 46(1):253-257.
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    ABSTRACT: In the last decade, there has been increased interest in lipase/esterase-catalyzed ring-opening polymerization as an alternative to metal-based catalytic processes. This review focuses on three components in the reaction system, namely biocatalysts, reaction medium and monomers. Novel lipases or esterases are described with particular emphasis on, those derived from thermophiles, immobilized enzymes and recombinant whole-cell biocatalysts. Green solvents in enzymatic ring-opening polymerization, including water, ionic liquids, supercritical carbon dioxide and hydrofluorocarbon solvents, are also discussed. Enzymatic ring-opening polymerization is reviewed with regard to the variety of polymers obtainable, such as polyesters, polycarbonates, polyphosphates and polythioesters. Among these, enzymatic synthesis of polyesters has been most widely investigated, and is discussed for lactones with small to large ring sizes. Finally, the mechanism of enzymatic ring-opening polymerization is described, which is generally accepted as a monomer-activated mechanism. Overall, the review demonstrates that lipase/esterase-catalyzed synthesis of polymers via ring-opening polymerization provides an effective platform for conducting “green polymer chemistry”.
    Process Biochemistry - PROCESS BIOCHEM. 01/2011; 46(10):1900-1908.