P Rohrlich

University of Franche-Comté, Becoinson, Franche-Comté, France

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Publications (59)199.6 Total impact

  • American Society of Hematology, 56th Annual meeting, 2014, San Fransisco; 12/2014
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    ABSTRACT: Here, we report and investigate the genomic alterations of two novel cases of Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma (NHL) in children with Williams-Beuren syndrome (WBS), a multisystem disorder caused by 7q11.23 hemizygous deletion. Additionally, we report the case of a child with NHL and a somatic 7q11.23 deletion. Although the WBS critical region has not yet been identified as a susceptibility locus in NHL, it harbors a number of genes involved in DNA repair. The high proportion of pediatric NHL reported in WBS is intriguing. Therefore, the role of haploinsufficiency of genes located at 7q11.23 in lymphomagenesis deserves to be investigated.
    Journal of Hematology & Oncology 11/2014; 7:82. · 4.46 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Here, we report and investigate the genomic alterations of two novel cases of Non-Hodgkin¿s Lymphoma (NHL) in children with Williams-Beuren syndrome (WBS), a multisystem disorder caused by 7q11.23 hemizygous deletion. Additionally, we report the case of a child with NHL and a somatic 7q11.23 deletion. Although the WBS critical region has not yet been identified as a susceptibility locus in NHL, it harbors a number of genes involved in DNA repair. The high proportion of pediatric NHL reported in WBS is intriguing. Therefore, the role of haploinsufficiency of genes located at 7q11.23 in lymphomagenesis deserves to be investigated.
    American Society of Human Genetics, 2014, Annual Meeting, San Diego; 10/2014
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    ABSTRACT: Background:Allogeneic haematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-SCT) may provide donor cytotoxic T cell-/NK cell-mediated disease control in patients with rhabdomyosarcoma (RMS). However, little is known about the prevalence of graft-vs-RMS effects and only a few case experiences have been reported.Methods:We evaluated allo-SCT outcomes of 30 European Group for Blood and Marrow Transplantation (EBMT)-registered patients with advanced RMS regarding toxicity, progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) after allo-SCT. Twenty patients were conditioned with reduced intensity and ten with high-dose chemotherapy. Twenty-three patients were transplanted with HLA-matched and seven with HLA-mismatched grafts. Three patients additionally received donor lymphocyte infusions (DLIs). Median follow-up was 9 months.Results:Three-year OS was 20% (s.e.±8%) with a median survival time of 12 months. Cumulative risk of progression was 67% (s.e.±10%) and 11% (s.e.±6%) for death of complications. Thirteen patients developed acute graft-vs-host disease (GvHD) and five developed chronic GvHD. Eighteen patients died of disease and four of complications. Eight patients survived in complete remission (CR) (median: 44 months). No patients with residual disease before allo-SCT were converted to CR.Conclusion:The use of allo-SCT in patients with advanced RMS is currently experimental. In a subset of patients, it may constitute a valuable approach for consolidating CR, but this needs to be validated in prospective trials.British Journal of Cancer advance online publication, 22 October 2013; doi:10.1038/bjc.2013.630 www.bjcancer.com.
    British Journal of Cancer 10/2013; · 5.08 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We report French prospective experience with reduced-intensity conditioning-allo-SCT in 46 patients (median age: 15.5 years, 4.8-20.2) presenting high-risk AL (n=11), Hodgkin's lymphoma (n=15) or solid tumors (n=20). Graft sources were BM (n=21), PBSC (n=20) and cord blood (CB; n=5) from related (n=20) or unrelated (n=26) donors. For CB grafts, only one patient out of five achieved sustained engraftment. For PBSC/BM grafts, engraftment rate was 95%, hematopoietic recovery times were not significantly different between BM, PBSC, sibling or unrelated grafts, day+100. Full donor chimerism was achieved in 94% of patients, and incidences of primary acute GVHD and chronic GVHD were 49% and 14%, respectively. Underlying disease was fatal in 39% of patients. TRM was 6.9%. Three-year OS was 49.15%. OS and EFS were not significantly different between patients transplanted with different grafts and with or without primary GVHD. Patients with solid tumor or measurable disease at transplant had poorer outcomes. Three-year EFS: 33.3% for ALL, 75.0% for AML, 51.8% for Hodgkin's lymphoma, 28.6% for neuroblastoma and 22.2% for sarcoma patients. This multicentre study concluded that Bu/fludarabine/anti-thymocyte globulin conditioning with PB or BM, related or unrelated grafts in patients with various malignancies at high-risk for transplantation toxicity results in high engraftment rates, low TRM and acceptable survival.Bone Marrow Transplantation advance online publication, 10 June 2013; doi:10.1038/bmt.2013.82.
    Bone marrow transplantation 06/2013; · 3.00 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Minimal residual disease (MRD) has emerged as a major prognostic factor for monitoring patients with B-lineage acute lymphoblastic leukemia (B-ALL). The quantification of MRD by flow cytometry (FC) is based on the identification of a leukemia-associated phenotype (LAP). Because phenotypic switch is common during treatment, multiple LAPs must be available and used for MRD detection over time. We evaluated the potential usefulness of CD304 as a new marker for monitoring MRD. CD304 was expressed in 48% of B-ALL (24/50) with discriminative fluorescence intensity compared with CD304-negative normal B-cell precursors (n = 15). The sensitivity of CD304-based MRD detection reached 10(-4), as with some of established LAPs. The stability of CD304 expression evaluated during therapy and at relapse confirms the usefulness of this marker for MRD quantification. Finally, CD304 was repeatedly expressed in patients with TEL-AML1 gene rearrangement, which warrants further investigation on its potential relevance as a prognosis marker or therapeutic target.
    Cytometry Part A 11/2011; 81(1):17-24. · 3.71 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of the present study was to assess the diagnostic efficacy of a combination of two quantitative Aspergillus PCR assays, targeting a mitochondrial and a ribosomal target, in patients with risk factors for invasive aspergillosis (IA) and positive galactomannan (GM) antigen. Forty-four patients with hematological malignancies and risk factors for IA according to revised European Organization for Research on Treatment of Cancer and the Mycoses Study Group criteria (EORTC/MSG) criteria and presenting at least two sequential GM-positive sera were included in the study. Mitochondrial PCR was carried out prospectively on all GM-positive serum samples. Ribosomal PCR was carried out retrospectively on frozen stored sera. The sensitivities of mitochondrial and ribosomal PCRs were 58% and 50%, respectively. The diagnostic test performance was improved by using a combination of both PCR assays and by considering a patient PCR positive when at least two positive results were obtained. The sensitivity, specificity, and positive and negative likelihood ratios were 65%, 94%, and 11.8 and 0.37, respectively. A significant association between fatal outcome at 90 days and positive results of ribosomal PCR assays was observed (adjusted hazard ratio = 8.2; 95% confidence interval [CI] = 1.0 to 65.8; P = 0.048). Our results showed that the combination of two PCR assays targeting mitochondrial and ribosomal Aspergillus DNA improves the sensitivity of PCR in the diagnosis of IA in hematological patients with risk factors and positive GM results. This study also confirms that a positive PCR result is associated with a poor prognosis in these patients and should lead to specific antifungal therapy being introduced immediately.
    Journal of clinical microbiology 01/2011; 49(3):1058-63. · 4.16 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Risk-adjusted treatment stratification in T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemias (T-ALLs) is currently based only on early response to chemotherapy. We investigated the prognostic implication of hyperactivation of NOTCH pathway resulting from mutations of NOTCH1 or FBXW7 in children with T-ALL enrolled in EORTC-CLG trials. Overall, 80 out of 134 (60%) patients were NOTCH+ (NOTCH1 and/or FBXW7 mutated). Although clinical presentations were not significantly associated with NOTCH status, NOTCH+ patients showed a better early response to chemotherapy as compared with NOTCH- patients, according to the rate of poor pre-phase 'responders' (25% versus 44%; P=0.02) and the incidence of high minimal residual disease (MRD) levels (11% (7/62) versus 32% (10/31); P=0.01) at completion of induction. However, the outcome of NOTCH+ patients was similar to that of NOTCH- patients, with a 5-year event-free survival (EFS) of 73% and 70% (P=0.82), and 5-year overall survival of 82% and 79% (P=0.62), respectively. In patients with high MRD levels, the 5-year EFS rate was 0% (NOTCH+) versus 42% (NOTCH-), whereas in those with low MRD levels, the outcome was similar: 76% (NOTCH+) versus 78% (NOTCH-). The incidence of isolated central nervous system (CNS) relapses was relatively high in NOTCH1+ patients (8.3%), which could be related to a higher propensity of NOTCH+ leukemic blasts to target the CNS.
    Leukemia: official journal of the Leukemia Society of America, Leukemia Research Fund, U.K 12/2010; 24(12):2023-31. · 10.16 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Human CD20 is a B-cell lineage-specific marker expressed by normal and leukemic B cells from the pre-B to the plasma-cell stages and is a target for rituximab (RTX) immunotherapy. A CD20 reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (PCR) on B-cell lines cDNA yielded a short PCR product (DeltaCD20) corresponding to a spliced mRNA transcript linking the exon 3 and exon 7 ends. We established here that this novel, alternatively spliced CD20 transcript is expressed and detectable at various levels in leukemic B cells, lymphoma B cells, in vivo tonsil- or in vitro CD40L-activated B cells, and Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-transformed B cells, but not in resting CD19(+)- or CD20(+)-sorted B cells from peripheral blood or bone marrow of healthy donors. The truncated CD20 sequence is within the reading frame, codes a protein of 130 amino acids ( approximately 15-17 kDa) lacking large parts of the 4 transmembrane segments, suggesting that DeltaCD20 is a nonanchored membrane protein. We demonstrated the translation into a DeltaCD20 protein which is associated with the membrane CD20 protein and showed its involvement in RTX resistance. Study of patient samples before and after RTX resistance or escape confirms our in vitro findings.
    Blood 03/2010; 115(12):2420-9. · 9.78 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Chronic disseminated candidiasis (CDC) is typically observed during neutrophil recovery in patients with acute leukemia and requires protracted antifungal therapy. Our objective was to document the efficacy and tolerance of corticosteroid therapy (CST) in patients with symptomatic CDC, including those who experienced fever and abdominal pain despite ongoing antifungal therapy. We performed a retrospective, multicenter study involving 10 pediatric and adult patients who experienced ongoing symptomatic CDC despite receipt of appropriate antifungal therapy for whom adjuvant oral CST was initiated. All cases of CDC were proven or probable, as determined on the basis of the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer-Mycosis Study Group definition criteria, and occurred in patients with leukemia. CDC-attributable clinical symptoms resolved with CST, which was started a mean of 33.8 days after antifungal therapy had been initiated. Fever and abdominal pain disappeared a median of 4-5 days, and serum fibrinogen and C-reactive protein levels returned to normal values within 14-30 days. The median duration of hospitalization after CST initiation was 8.8 days. Hepatosplenic microabscesses decreased or disappeared within a mean period of 107 days (range, 30-210 days). No relapses of CDC were observed during a median duration of follow-up of 6.5 years (range, 4-9 years). In children and adults who experience persistently symptomatic CDC despite ongoing receipt of antifungal therapy, CST involving a prednisone equivalent at a dosage of > or =0.5 mg/kg per day for at least 3 weeks is associated with a prompt resolution of symptoms and of inflammatory response. These findings support the pathophysiological hypothesis that CDC belongs to the spectrum of fungus-related immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome.
    Clinical Infectious Diseases 04/2008; 46(5):696-702. · 9.37 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Immunological tolerance is maintained by specialized subsets of T cells including CD4(+)CD25(+)FOXP3(+) regulatory cells (Treg). Previous studies established that Treg thymic differentiation or peripheral conversion depend on CD28 and Lck signaling. Moreover, foxp3 gene transfer in murine CD4(+)CD25(-) T lymphocytes results in the acquisition of suppressive functions. However, molecular pathways leading to FOXP3 expression remain to be described. In this study, we investigated the molecular events driving FOXP3 expression. We demonstrated that CD28 activation in CD4(+)CD25(-) T lymphocytes leads to STAT3 Tyr(705) phosphorylation in an Lck-dependent manner. STAT3 neutralization during naive peripheral CD4(+)CD25(-) T cell conversion into Treg through costimulation with TCR/CD28 and TGF-beta1, decreased FOXP3 expression, prevented the acquisition of suppressive functions and restored the ability of the converted lymphocytes to produce IL-2 and IFN-gamma. Furthermore, we observed that STAT3 ablation using small interfering RNA strategies inhibited FOXP3 expression and suppressive functions among naturally differentiated CD4(+)CD25(+) T lymphocytes, suggesting a direct role of STAT3 in Treg phenotype and function maintenance. CD4(+)CD25(+) T lymphocytes transduced with specific STAT3 small interfering RNA were devoid of suppressive functions and failed to control the occurrence of acute graft-vs-host disease. Finally, STAT3 inhibition in CD4(+) lymphocytes enhanced the anti-tumor immunity conferred by a lymphocyte adoptive transfer. In summary, our findings determine that STAT3 is critical in the molecular pathway required for FOXP3 expression. STAT3 modulation should be taken into account when assessing how regulatory T cells contribute to inflammatory diseases and tumor immunosurveillance.
    The Journal of Immunology 01/2008; 179(11):7593-604. · 5.52 Impact Factor
  • Annales De Dermatologie Et De Venereologie - ANN DERMATOL VENEREOL. 01/2004; 131(6):627-627.
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    ABSTRACT: Antithymocyte globulin is widely used before haematopoietic transplantation with HLA-matched unrelated donors or mismatched relatives to prevent rejection and graft-versus-host disease (GVHD). However, optimal dosage is still under debate. Thirty-one consecutive children, mainly with haematological malignancies, were transplanted in a single institution with such donors, selected by HLA-A -B compatibility by serology and DRB1* by DNA typing. Antithymocyte globulin (Thymoglobuline; Sangstat) was infused at days -3, -2, -1. Total dosage varied: 16 patients received a median of 7.5 mg/kg (2.5 to 10.5: low-dose group), and 15 a median of 15.5 mg/kg (14.4 to 19.4: high-dose group). Post-transplant GVHD prophylaxis consisted of cyclosporine, short-course methotrexate and steroids. CD3(+), CD4(+) and CD19(+) cell reconstitution was slower in the high-dose group. Median time to reach 100 CD4(+) cells was 8 months vs 4 months (P = 0.03). Median time to normal CD19(+) cells was 16 months vs 8 months (P = 0.01). CD16(+)CD56(+) and CD8(+) cell reconstitution was similar. Nine patients in the high-dose group and two in the low-dose group experienced life-threatening opportunistic infections (P = 0.009). Although obtained from a limited number of patients, our data suggest that a higher pre-graft dose of antithymocyte globulin may negatively influence immune reconstitution.
    Bone Marrow Transplantation 11/2002; 30(7):421-6. · 3.54 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) infection and reactivation following allogeneic bone marrow transplantation is a major source of complications in grafted patients including pneumonitis, graft rejection and even death. Adoptive immunotherapy consisting in transfer of CD4(+) and CD8(+) T cells directed against HCMV has proved its worth. Nevertheless, established procedures have to be improved in terms of safety and waiting period required to obtain specific T cells. As an alternative to infectious virus used in current strategies, we purified a recombinant protein IE1-pp65 resulting from the fusion of the regulatory IE1 and matrix pp65 proteins, both known as the major targets of the overall anti-HCMV T cell response. Based on our previous data demonstrating its use for in vitro stimulation and expansion of anti-HCMV CD4(+) and CD8(+) T cells (Vaz-Santiago et al, 2001, J.Virol, 75:7840-47) from peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) of seropositive donors, we planned to improve its in vitro immunogenicity through association with a nanoparticulate carrier, SMBV. We demonstrated that using of SMBV/IE1-pp65 formulation allowed to potentiate in vitro activation of T cells and to expand more CD8(+) T cells than with soluble IE1-pp65, following stimulation of PBMC. These data suggest the use of SMBV/IE1-pp65 formulation as a potential source of antigen for efficient T cells expansion in the development of safe anti-HCMV immunotherapy.
    Cytotherapy 02/2002; 4(1):11-9. · 3.06 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Post-transplant lymphoproliferative disorder (PTLD) after haemopoietic stem cell transplantation is a serious complication that occurs in 8-22% of patients with high-risk factors. We retrospectively investigated tolerance and efficacy of humanized anti-CD20 monoclonal antibody (rituximab) as first-line treatment in 12 children with B-cell PTLD. At diagnosis, eight patients had tumoral involvement. The other four patients had fever, associated with raised Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) viral load and monoclonal gammopathy. Rituximab was given at the dose of 375 mg/m2 once a week by intravenous infusion (1-9 infusions). Only 1/48 infusions was associated with a grade 2 clinical adverse event. Eight out of 12 (66%) patients responded to the treatment and were in complete remission. All patients without tumoral involvement responded to the treatment. A rapid decrease in fever within 1 week was observed in all responders. Non-responders did not show any clinical response during the first week. Tumoral involvement and immunodepression seemed to be more marked in non-responders. Rituximab was an effective and well-tolerated treatment of B-cell PTLD. Early treatment before tumoral involvement seemed to be the most effective approach. Lack of rapid response should lead to intensification of PTLD treatment. Pre-emptive treatment should be considered and evaluated in further longitudinal multicentre studies.
    British Journal of Haematology 11/2001; 115(1):112-8. · 4.94 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Human cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection of bone marrow transplant recipients can cause pancytopenia, as well as life-threatening interstitial pneumonia. CMV replicates actively in bone marrow stromal cells, whereas it remains latent in hematopoietic progenitors. Our aim was to study the influence of CMV infection on adherence of CD34(+) cells to the myofibroblastic component of human bone marrow and examine transmission of virus from myofibroblasts to CD34(+) cells. We show that smooth actin, but not fibronectin, organization is markedly modified by CMV infection of bone marrow stromal myofibroblasts. Nonetheless, CMV infection led to increased adherence of the CD34(+) progenitor cell line, KG1a, relative to adherence to uninfected myofibroblasts from the same donors. Adherence of CD34(+) cells to infected bone marrow myofibroblasts resulted in transfer of virions and viral proteins through close cell-to-cell contacts. This phenomenon may play a role in the pathophysiology of CMV bone marrow infection and in eventual virus dissemination.
    Microbes and Infection 11/2001; 3(12):1005-13. · 2.92 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The transfer of anti-human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) effector T cells to allogeneic bone marrow recipients results in protection from HCMV disease associated with transplantation, suggesting the direct control of CMV replication by T cells. IE1 and pp65 proteins, both targets of CD4(+) and CD8(+) T cells, are considered the best candidates for immunotherapy and vaccine design against HCMV. In this report, we describe the purification of a 165-kDa chimeric protein, IE1-pp65, and its use for in vitro stimulation and expansion of anti-HCMV CD4(+) and CD8(+) T cells from peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) of HCMV-seropositive donors. We demonstrate that an important proportion of anti-HCMV CD4(+) T cells was directed against IE1-pp65 in HCMV-seropositive donors and that the protein induced activation of HLA-DR3-restricted anti-IE1 CD4(+) T-cell clones, as assessed by gamma interferon (IFN-gamma) secretion and cytotoxicity. Moreover, soluble IE1-pp65 stimulated and expanded anti-pp65 CD8(+) T cells from PBMC of HLA-A2, HLA-B35, and HLA-B7 HCMV-seropositive blood donors, as demonstrated by cytotoxicity, intracellular IFN-gamma labeling, and quantitation of peptide-specific CD8(+) cells using an HLA-A2-peptide tetramer and staining of intracellular IFN-gamma. These results suggest that soluble IE1-pp65 may provide an alternative to infectious viruses used in current adoptive strategies of immunotherapy.
    Journal of Virology 10/2001; 75(17):7840-7. · 5.08 Impact Factor
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    01/2001;
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    ABSTRACT: Patient-controlled analgesia (PCA) has been shown to be superior to a continuous morphine infusion for the treatment of ongoing pain in children over five years of age. Nevertheless, prescription parameters such as the bolus dosage and the possible association of a continuous background infusion have not yet been standardized. Thirty-three children, aged four to 17, hospitalized in a pediatric hematology ward, benefited from PCA with a standardized prescription: a bolus dosage of at least 25 mg/kg, without a background infusion. Morphine consumption, side effects and efficacy on pain relief were followed. Median of mean morphine consumption was 0.32 mg.kg-1.d-1. Median of maximal consumption was 0.58 mg.kg-1.d-1. Mean duration was nine days. No important side effects were noted, except in two patients. They presented prolonged constipation and a poor quality of nocturnal sleep, but they also had a major depressive syndrome persisting after resolution of pain. Efficacy was comparable to a continuous intravenous infusion, and nocturnal sleep was of good quality for 31 children. This standardized technique of PCA can be used extensively in children over five years of age. It can be used as a reference for further studies.
    Archives de Pédiatrie 06/2000; 7(5):474-80. · 0.36 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Alloimmune neonatal neutropenia is a rare event. Usually asymptomatic, it may however in some cases result in a severe sepsis. Treatment with recombinant granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) has been recently proposed. CASE REPORT: We report two new cases in infected newborns of a successful treatment of alloimmune neonatal neutropenia with G-CSF, resulting in complete neutrophil recovery in less than 72 hours. Moreover, the treatment was well tolerated. CONCLUSION: The analysis of these two cases and of those previously reported indicates that G-CSF represents the first-choice treatment in this affection when infectious signs are present in the neonate.
    Archives de Pédiatrie 01/2000; 6(12):1297-301. · 0.36 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

678 Citations
199.60 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2013
    • University of Franche-Comté
      Becoinson, Franche-Comté, France
  • 2011
    • Centre Hospitalier Régional et Universitaire de Besançon
      Becoinson, Franche-Comté, France
  • 2002
    • Institut Pasteur
      Lutetia Parisorum, Île-de-France, France
  • 1995–2002
    • Hôpital Universitaire Robert Debré
      Lutetia Parisorum, Île-de-France, France
  • 1999
    • Centre Henri Becquerel
      Rouen, Upper Normandy, France