[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Objective
To discuss the feasibility and experience of treating valvular heart diseases with thoracoscopy-assisted mitral valve replacement concomitant with tricuspid valvuloplasty, with domestically manufactured pipeline products for cardiopulmonary bypass.MethodsA total of 135 patients with valvular heart disease were admitted to our hospital between January 2011 and January 2013. They received thoracoscopy-assisted mitral valve replacement concomitant with tricuspid valvuloplasty, with domestically manufactured pipeline products. A cardiopulmonary bypass with domestically-manufactured pipeline products was established during the surgery. The procedure was accomplished with the assistance of thoracoscopy through a small incision in the right chest wall.ResultsAll 135 patients underwent a successful surgery, and were followed up for the duration of half a year to two years. None of them displayed any evidence of complications. Our procedure had the advantage of fewer complications and a significantly shortened time period for the patient care and hospitalization. As opposed to imported pipeline products for cardiopulmonary bypass, our procedure had the advantage of similar clinical results at a lower cost.Conclusions
Thoracoscopy-assisted mitral valve replacement concomitant with tricuspid valvuloplasty was proved to be a safe and effective method for cardiopulmonary bypass, with the use of domestically manufactured pipeline products.
Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 10/2014; 9(1):160. · 0.90 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The objective of this study was to investigate whether the α agonist dexmedetomidine has the ability to attenuate hypoxemia in pediatric patients undergoing palliative pulmonary artery reconstruction.From January 2009 to January 2013, a total of 25 pediatric patients with Tetralogy of Fallot, pulmonary atresia (ventricular septal defect), or persistent truncus arteriosus (I) were enrolled in our study. Due to hypoplastic pulmonary arteries, all patients received palliative pulmonary artery reconstruction. During the perioperative period, they were allocated to receive either dexmedetomidine (bolus dose of 0.3 μg/kg followed by an infusion of 0.2-0.3 μg/kg/h, n = 15) or control drug (n = 10) intravenously. Any desaturation was recorded. Heart rate, mean arterial pressure, pulse oximetry, and arterial blood gas parameters were measured during the perioperative period.There were no significant differences between the groups in hemodynamic variables. The arterial oxygen saturation and arterial blood gas parameters increased in the dexmedetomidine groups (P < 0.05).These findings suggest that the injection of dexmedetomidine can attenuate hypoxemia during palliative pulmonary artery reconstruction in pediatric patients.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Acute renal failure (ARF) is a common complication in infants who undergo cardiac surgery in the intensive care unit. We report on a modified drainage catheter used in peritoneal dialysis (PD) for the treatment of ARF associated with cardiac surgery in infants.Thirty-nine infants with congenital heart disease undergoing cardiac surgery who developed ARF at our center between January 2009 and January 2012 were assessed. A modified drainage catheter for PD was used in these infants. Their demographic, clinical, and surgical data were analyzed.Thirty infants with ARF were cured by PD, and the other 9 died in the first 48 hours because of the severity of the acute cardiac dysfunction. All these infants were dependent upon mechanical ventilation during the postoperative period and used vasoactive drugs. In the survival group, the interval between the procedure and initiation of PD was 13.6 ± 6.5 (range, 6-30) hours. PD duration was 3.9 ± 0.9 (3-6) days. Minor complications were encountered in some patients (asymptomatic hypokalemia, hyperglycemia, and thrombocytopenia). These complications were readily treated by drugs or resolved spontaneously. Hemodynamics, cardiac function, and renal function improved significantly during PD.These data suggest that PD using a modified drainage catheter for ARF after cardiac surgery in infants is safe, feasible, inexpensive, and yields good results.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Upregulation of nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) in colorectal carcinoma (CRC) accelerates tumor growth, whereas, irinotecan (CPT-11)-induced NF-κB activation reduces chemosensitivity and weakens the anti-colorectal cancer function itself, while proteasome inhibitors can inhibit NF-κB and improve the effect of chemotherapy. Carfilzomib (CFZ) is a novel proteasome inhibitor that has been recently approved by the FDA and is in clinical use for the treatment of multiple myeloma, but little is known about its activity against CRC. The aim of the present study was to explore whether CFZ alone or in combination with CPT-11 is effective in CRC treatment. We evaluated the novel therapeutic ability and mechanism of action of CFZ in CRC in vitro and in vivo. SW620 cells were incubated with CFZ alone or in combination with CPT-11. Cell proliferation was assessed by WST-1 and clonogenic assays, the cytotoxic interaction was assessed with a combination index (CI). Cell cycle progression was analysed with flow cytometry. Cell apoptosis was evaluated by detecting the Annexin V/propidium iodide (PI) ratio, caspase 3 and CD95 expression, and with TUNEL staining. Cell migration and invasion was determined with a wound-healing assay and a Transwell matrix penetration assay. A CRC xenograft model was established to monitor tumor growth. EMSA was used to analyse NF-κB activation and western blot analysis was used to detect the protein levels of related signaling factors. CFZ significantly inhibited the growth of SW620 cells, and had synergistic inhibitory effects with CPT-11 on survival and colony formation; possibly by inhibition of NF-κB activation, MEK/ERK and PI3K/AKT pathway factor dephosphorylation and survivin downregulation. Co-administration of CFZ and CPT-11 induced G2/M arrest, increased p21WAF1/CIP, and decreased mutant p53 and cdc25c expression. Induction of apoptosis was accompanied by marked increases in PARP cleavage, caspase 3 activation, an increase of CD95 and p-p38, and ATF3 activation. Combination treatment lowered the invasive and migration ability of SW620 cells, reduced MMP and increased TIMP protein expression. Finally, co-administration of CFZ and CPT-11 suppressed tumor growth and increased apoptosis compared with single-agent treatment in SW620 xenograft models correlated with NF-κB downregulation. Carfilzomib alone or in combination with CPT-11 is effective against colorectal cancer through inhibition of multiple mechanisms related to NF-κB, and could be a potential novel therapy for CRC.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Inhibitor of DNA-binding protein 1 (ID1) is commonly abnormally overexpressed in colorectal cancer (CRC); yet, the functional significance of ID1 in the growth and invasive properties of CRC cells remains largely unclear. The present study investigated the effects of ID1 downregulation on the cell growth and metastatic features of CRC. Using lentiviral shRNA infection, stable ID1-knockdown (KD) HCT116 and SW620 cells, human metastatic CRC cell lines, were created. In vitro, the migration/invasion capacity of the ID1-KD CRC cells was assessed by a wound healing assay. The activities of MMP2 and MMP-9 were measured by gelatin zymography. The expression of CXC chemokine receptor 4 (CXCR4), PCNA and survivin were determined by immunoblot analysis and qRT-PCR. The effects of ID1 knockdown on tumor growth and hepatic metastasis were demonstrated by a xenograft study in mice. The results showed evident decreases in proliferation, migration and invasion and an increased apoptosis rate in the ID1-KD CRC cells. Similarly, ID1 knockdown significantly decreased mRNA and protein levels of PCNA, survivin, CXCR4, MMP2 and MMP9. Overexpression of CXCR4 antagonized the negative effect on the migration and invasion abilities of the ID1-KD cells. As compared with the control, ID1 knockdown prevented tumor growth and profoundly suppressed hepatic metastasis in vivo. The present study demonstrated the significance of ID1 in colon cancer progression, and its effect on tumor invasiveness and metastatic properties may be partly dependent on CXCR4.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Mutation analysis in breast cancer has failed to explain the inactivation of RhoBTB2, a candidate breast cancer tumor suppressor gene on chromosome 8p. Some breast cancer‑related genes in this region become inactivated by hypermethylation, and hypermethylation of RhoBTB2 abrogates its expression in bladder cancers. The aim of the present study was to determine whether RhoBTB2 was silenced by methylation in breast cancer. Nested methylation‑speciﬁc PCR (nMSP) and quantitative reverse transcription PCR were used to analyze the methylation status and mRNA levels of RhoBTB2 in 50 paired breast cancer and normal tissues and the results were correlated with clinicopathological characteristics. Promoter methylation and the downregulation of RhoBTB2 mRNA was observed in tumor tissues (P<0.001). mRNA levels were decreased in samples with methylation (χ2 = 15.751, P<0.001). RhoBTB2 methylation was observed preferentially in progesterone receptor (PR)‑negative samples (P<0.05). The results demonstrated that aberrant methylation of RhoBTB2 may be responsible for the suppression of RhoBTB2 mRNA expression in breast cancer, a significant event during the genesis of breast cancer that correlated with PR status.
International Journal of Molecular Medicine 12/2013; · 1.96 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: PURPOSE: To define mitochondrial protein markers related to liver cancer. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: Mitochondrial sub-proteomes of 20 patient-derived liver carcinoma and tumor-free control tissues were performed by two-dimensional electrophoresis (2-DE) coupled with MALDI-TOF/TOF. The altered patterns of three identified proteins were validated by Western blot and immunohistochemistry. RESULTS: The results showed that compared with tumor-free control samples, nine proteins were down-regulated and six proteins were up-regulated in carcinoma samples. The increased expression of Arg1 mRNA and protein was validated by Western blot, Q-RT-PCR, paraffin tissue microarray and immunohistochemistry. Furthermore, a literature review shows that 10-kDa heat shock protein (Hsp10), single-stranded DNA-binding protein (SSBP1), and peptidyl-prolyl cis-trans isomerase A (PPIA), which were identified as being increased in the tumor samples in this study, may be closely related to protein folding and translation. CONCLUSIONS AND CLINICAL RELEVANCE: These results show that in addition to changes in the signaling pathways, such as the Ras-Raf-MEK-ERK pathway, altered mitochondrial DNA replication and protein folding in liver cancer are also worth studying further. Collectively, these results suggest that specific mitochondrial proteins are uniquely susceptible to alterations in expression and carry implications for the investigation of their potential as therapeutic and prognostic markers. Further studies focusing on these proteins will be used to predict treatment response and reverse the apoptosis resistance.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: This was a study to evaluate the safety and feasibility of balloon valvuloplasty of the pulmonary valve through the right ventricle (RV) for the treatment of pulmonary atresia with intact ventricular septum (PA-IVS). METHODS: Ten neonates with PA-IVS, who underwent balloon valvuloplasty of the pulmonary valve through the RV at our institution from January 2008 to May 2010, were enrolled in this study. The oxygen saturation range was 60% to 83% (median 76%). The Z-value range of the tricuspid valve annulus was -2 to 2 (median 0.15), the diameter range of the pulmonary valve annulus was 4.6 to 8.6 mm (median 7.3), and the RV systolic pressure range was 88 to 124 mm Hg (median 106.5). A guidewire was used to perforate the pulmonary valve through the RV, followed by balloon dilation of the valve. The procedure was guided by transesophageal echocardiography. RESULTS: The procedure was carried out successfully in all patients. The procedure time ranged from 64 to 110 minutes (median 82.5). Mechanical ventilation time ranged from 8 to 36 hours (median 11), and hospital stay ranged from 7 to 13 days (median 9). After the procedure, the median oxygen saturation increased to 89.5%, the median RV systolic pressure decreased to 45 mm Hg, and the gradient across the pulmonary valve ranged from 20 to 45 mm Hg (median 27.5). Minor complications included transient supraventricular tachycardia (n = 1), blood loss requiring transfusion (n = 2), moderate pulmonary regurgitation (n = 1), and mild pulmonary regurgitation (n = 3). There were no cases of cardiac perforation, main pulmonary artery aneurysm, or low output syndrome. Follow-up of patients ranged from 8 to 15 months (median 12.3). All patients remained clinically well. CONCLUSIONS: Balloon valvuloplasty of the pulmonary valve through the RV is a safe and feasible alternative to surgical valvotomy or percutaneous balloon dilation. Early results are encouraging.
The Annals of thoracic surgery 03/2013; · 3.45 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: A hybrid approach to minimally invasive perventricular closure of VSD in infants is safe and effective, and has been performed under guidance of transesophageal echocardiography (TEE). We applied transthoracic echocardiographic (TTE) guidance to this hybrid approach, and compare results guided by TTE with those by TEE. METHODS: From January 2011 to January 2012, 71 infants with VSD were enrolled to undergo a minimally invasive device closure. After evaluation of VSD by TTE, either TEE or TTE was used to guide the minimally invasive device closure. 30 patients had TEE guidance, and 41 patients had TTE. All patients were followed for 3 months after the operation. RESULTS: The TEE group had a success rate of 93.3% (28/30) for device implantation, compared with 92.7% (38/41) in the TTE group. Two patients in the TEE group turned to surgical closure, one for involvement of the inlet area of VSD demonstrated by TEE, another for moderate aortic regurgitation after device implantation. Two patients in the TTE group also transferred to surgical closure, one for residual shunt, another for failure of the floppy wire across the defect. In addition, one patient in the TTE group experienced dropout of the occluder one day postoperatively. At 3-month follow-up, one patient had mild aortic regurgitation in the TEE group and in two patients in the TTE group. There were no episodes of cardiac block, thromboembolism, or device displacement in either group. CONCLUSIONS: TTE-guided VSD closure is feasible in infants, with results similar to those of TEE guidance, although caution is advisable.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Marsdenia tenacissima, which is widely used as an anticancer herb in traditional Chinese medicine, has been shown to possess anticancer activities. However, the underlying molecular mechanism(s) involved in the anticancer effect of this herb are poorly understood. Angiogenesis is important in the development of cancer. The main features of angiogenesis are increased vasculature and overexpression of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF). In the present study, the effects of M. tenacissima extract (MTE) on human umbilical vein endothelial cell (HUVEC) proliferation, migration and capillary-like tube formation were investigated in vitro and using the chick embryo chorioallantoic membrane (CAM) assay in vivo. It was observed that MTE inhibited the proliferation of HUVECs by blocking the cell cycle progression from G1 to S. In addition, MTE inhibited the migration and tube formation of HUVECs. MTE treatment decreased the VEGF-A expression in human hepatoma cells (HepG2), as well as the expression of VEGF-A and VEGF receptor (VEGFR)-2 in HUVECs. MTE exposure in the CAM was able to reduce the formation of blood vessels in chick embryos. Overall, the present data suggest that extracts of M. tenacissima may serve as potential anti-angiogenesis agents.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To investigate the effect of Xiaoaiping Injection (XAP) on advanced hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in patients.
Sixty-eight patients with advanced HCC were assigned to a control group of 36 and a treatment group of 32. The control group was treated with best supportive treatment (BST) and the treatment group was given XAP plus BST. XAP was administered daily by i.v. and the treatment course was lasted for 30 days for both groups. The immediate therapeutic efficacy, Karnofsky performance status (KPS) scores, and the changes in immunity indicators (CD3+, CD4+ and CD8+ T cells) were measured and compared before and after treatment. The progression-free survival (PFS) rate and overall survival (OS) rate in the 2 groups were analyzed.
The immediate therapeutic efficacy and KPS of the treatment group were better than those in the control (P < 0.05). Patients in the treatment group had higher percentages of CD3 and CD4 T-lymphocytes in peripheral blood than those in the control group (P < 0.05). The median survival time was 27.0 weeks in the treatment group and 24.5 weeks in the control group. The 6-months cumulative survival rates in the treatment and control groups were 33.3% and 25.0%, respectively, with no significant difference (P > 0.05). The PFS was 18 weeks in the treatment group and 15 weeks in control group (P < 0.05).
XAP enhances the quality of life (QOL) of patients with advanced HCC, improves their immunity and extends their PFS.
Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine 02/2013; 33(1):34-8. · 0.59 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL) remains the second most common malignant complication in patients with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. Even though NHL is commonly chemosensitive to primary treatment, failure or relapse still occurs in a large number of patients. We conducted this retrospective study to evaluate the efficacy and safety of gemcitabine, dexamethasone, and cisplatin (GDP) for relapsed or refractory AIDS-related NHL (AIDS-NHL). Forty-eight patients with relapsed or refractory AIDS-NHL were treated with intravenous combination chemotherapy with GDP. The overall objective response rate was 54.1 % (95 % confidence interval, CI, 40.1-68.3 %), with 10 complete responses and 16 partial responses. The 2-year overall survival rate (OS) was 70.8 % (95 % CI 58.0-83.7 %), and the 5-year OS was 41.7 % (95 % CI 27.7-55.6 %). The 2-year progression-free survival rate (PFS) was 37.5 % (95 % CI 23.8-51.2 %), and the 5-year PFS was 25.0 % (95 % CI 12.8-37.3 %). The median progression-free survival was 8.8 months (95 % CI 0-20.3 months), and the median overall survival was 40.6 months (95 % CI 22.6-58.6 months). Patients with B cell tumors who relapsed but had no B symptoms were clinical stage I/II, had infiltration fewer than two extranodal sites, had CD4(+) counts >200 cells/μL, and had lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) less than the upper limit of normal benefited from GDP. The level of LDH had a significant impact on the response rate to chemotherapy with GDP (P = 0.015). Myelosuppression was the main side effect; the incidence of grade 3-4 anemia was 8.3 %; leukopenia, 37.5 %; and thrombocytopenia, 48.3 %. Univariate and multivariate analyses were performed to determine variables for OS and PFS. This study confirms that GDP is an effective and safe salvage regimen in relapsed or refractory AIDS-NHL, was associated with modest declines in CD4(+) lymphocyte counts, and did not promote HIV-1 viral replication.
Annals of Hematology 07/2012; 91(11):1757-63. · 2.87 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Objectives This study aims at assessing the safety and feasibility of intraoperative device closure of the perimembranous ventricular septal defect (VSD).Methods Total 89 patients in group I with intraoperative device closure and 58 in group II with surgical repair were enrolled in our hospital to participate in the study from January 2009 to December 2010. In group I, the approach involved a minimal inferior median incision that was performed after full evaluation of the perimembranous VSD by real-time transesophageal echocardiographic guidance, and the insertion of an asymmetric or a symmetric domestically made device was used to occlude the perimembranous VSD.Results In group I, 83 patients were occluded successfully under this approach. The size of the occluder implanted ranged from 6 to 14 mm. Complete atrioventricular block occurred in one case and Mobitz type II atrioventricular block occurred in one case during the procedure. One patient presented complete atrioventricular block one week after the operation. Two patients converted to surgical repair because of severe intraoperative aortic valve regurgitation. One patient with significant residual shunt transformed to surgical treatment. In our comparative studies, patients in group II experienced significantly longer operative time, ICU stay, and hospital stay (p < 0.001). The cost of group I was less than that of group II (p < 0.001).Conclusions Minimally invasive transthoracic device closure of the perimembranous VSD with an asymmetric or a symmetric domestically made device without cardiopulmonary bypass is safe and feasible. It should be considered an acceptable alternative to surgery in selected subgroups. However, it is necessary to evaluate the long-term results.
The Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgeon 06/2012; · 0.93 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The relationship between KRAS and NF-κB in colorectal cancer is not clear. Western blotting was used to determine whether KRAS knockdown in SW620 cells altered the levels of NF-κB-p65 and other molecules. Furthermore, we investigated the association between the KRAS status and NF-κB expression in 167 colorectal cancers tumor tissues and their correlation with overall survival (OS) of patients with KRAS mutations and activated NF-κB. RAS, p-ERK, p-IκBα and p65 expression was decreased in SW620 cells with KRAS knockdown. The MEK inhibitor U0126 downregulated p-ERK, p-IκBα and p65 levels in SW620 cells. p65 activation in tumors with KRAS mutations was higher (50.8%) than in tumors with the wild-type KRAS gene (30.6%) (P=0.012). Compared to patients with other types of tumors, OS was lower (median 28.4 months) in patients with KRAS mutations and NF-κB activation, vs. a median of 46.3 months in patients with other types of tumors (P=0.005). NF-κB activation was reduced in SW620 cells with KRAS knockdown, possibly via the RAS-ERK-IκBα pathway. The presence of both KRAS mutations and the active form of NF-κB in CRC tumors indicates poor patient prognosis.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To investigate the expression of the activating and inhibitory receptors on the surface of NK cells of primary hepatocellular carcinoma and its adjacent tissues, and the relationship between these two receptors and occurrence and development of primary liver cancer was analyzed.
The number and activity of the NK cells, the expression of the activating and the inhibitory receptors on the surface of those cells were detected flow cytometry and immunohistochemistry, which were obtained from 52 cases of primary hepatocellular carcinoma and its adjacent tissues. The relative analysis was done between those results and clinical relative factors.
In the tissues of primary hepacellular carcinoma, the number of NK cells is lower than that in the adjacent tissues obviously (P<0.01); the expression of activating receptors, NKG2D and NKP44, is also lower than that in the adjacent tissues obviously (P<0.05); the expression of inhibitory receptors, CD158b and CD159a, is significantly higher than that in the adjacent tissues (P<0.05). A negative correlation was found between the expression of NKG2D, NKP30 and NKP44 and the clinical stage of the liver cancer. The expression of NKG2D, NKP30 and NKP44 was higher in patients with early and middle stages (P<0.05). The content of the inhibitory receptors of NK cells, CD158b and CD159a, is higher in tissues from patients with advanced cancer stage (P<0.05). That's also correlated with the level of AFP and the HBsAg. There is no significant statistical difference between the expression of NK receptors and the distant metastasis, tumor differentiation as well as the tumor size (P>0.05).
The decrease of NK cell numbers and the activating NK cell receptors and the increase of the inhibitory receptors would be relevant to the incidence of primary hepacellular carcinoma.
Xi bao yu fen zi mian yi xue za zhi = Chinese journal of cellular and molecular immunology 05/2012; 28(5):529-32.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Evidence shows a strong relationship between KRAS mutations and the NF-κB signaling pathway. In colorectal cancer, however, the study of this subject has been very limited and results are inconsistent.
To examine the relationship between KRAS mutations and NF-κB activation and their effect on chemotherapy response and survival of colorectal cancer patients.
NF-κB activation was analyzed by immunohistochemistry in 167 primary colorectal cancer specimens in which the KRAS mutation status was confirmed. Clinical and pathologic data were extracted from the medical records and reviewed.
Of 167 tumors screened, 63 (37.7 %) had NF-κB activation, 59 (35.3 %) had KRAS mutations, and 30 (18.0 %) had both NF-κB activation and KRAS mutations. The frequency of NF-κB activation in tumors with KRAS mutations was significantly higher than in tumors with wild type KRAS; 50.8 versus 30.6 %, P = 0.012. Patients with both KRAS mutations and NF-κB activation had a lower objective response to first-line chemotherapy than patients with other tumors, 23.8 versus 49.4 % (P = 0.035). Compared to patients with both KRAS mutations and NF-κB activation, overall survival of patients in other groups was significantly higher; median overall survival was 28.4 months (95 % CI 21.0-35.8) versus 46.3 months (95 % CI 39.4-53.2), hazard ratio 0.259 (95 % CI 0.125-0.538), P = 0.005.
NF-κB activation was associated with KRAS mutation, and both KRAS mutation and NF-κB activation were indicative of high tolerance of chemotherapy and poor prognosis for colorectal cancer patients. Tumors with KRAS mutations and NF-κB activation may be a unique subtype of colorectal cancer.
Digestive Diseases and Sciences 04/2012; 57(9):2325-33. · 2.26 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Atrioventricular block (AVB) is a well-reported complication after closure of perimembranous ventricular septal defects (VSDs). To report the occurrence of AVB either during or following closure of perimembranous VSDs using a novel "hybrid" method involving a minimal inferior median incision and of intraoperative device closure of the perimembranous VSDs.
Between January 2009 and January 2011, patients diagnosed with perimembranous VSDs eligible for intraoperative device closure with a domestic occluder were identified. All patients were assessed by real-time transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) and electrocardiography.
Of the 97 included patients, 94 were successfully occluded using this approach. Complete AVB occurred in only one case and one case of Mobitz type II AVB was diagnosed intraoperatively. In both patients, the procedure was aborted and the AVBs quickly resolved. Glucocorticosteroids were administered to another two patients who developed Mobitz type II AVB intraoperatively. Those two patients converted to Mobitz type I AVB 3 days and 5 days postsurgically. During the follow-up period (range, 6-24 months), one patient developed complete AVB 1 week following device insertion. Surgical device removal was followed by a rapid and complete recovery of atrioventricular conduction.
Intraoperative device closure of perimembranous VSDs with a domestic occluder resulted in excellent closure rates; however, AVB is a serious complication that can occur either during or any time after device closure of perimembranous VSDs. The technique described herein may reduce the incidence of perioperative AVB complications. Surgeons are encouraged to closely monitor all patients postsurgically to ensure AVB does not occur in their patients. Additional long-term data to better identify the prevalence and risk factors for AVB in treated patients are needed.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Our purpose was to investigate the feasibility of transthoracic echocardiographic (TTE) guidance for minimally invasive periventricular device closure of perimembranous ventricular septal defects (VSDs).
From June 2011 to September 2011, we enrolled 18 young children with perimembranous VSDs to receive minimally invasive device closure in our hospital. All of the patients were examined by TTE to determine the VSD morphology, diameter, and rims. During intra-operative device closure, real-time bedside TTE alone was used to guide device implantation.
Device implantation using TTE guidance was successful in 16 patients. Symmetric devices were used in 14 patients, and asymmetric devices were used in 2 patients. Only one patient experienced mild aortic regurgitation, and there were no instances of residual shunt, significant arrhythmias, thromboembolism, or device displacement. Two patients were transferred to surgical closure, one due to residual shunting and the other as a result of unsuccessful wire penetration of the VSD gap.
Our data indicate that TTE-guided VSD closure is feasible in young children, although a longer follow-up may be needed to document the long-term success.
European heart journal cardiovascular Imaging. 02/2012; 13(9):739-44.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Atrioventricular block (AVB) is a infrequent and serious complication after percutaneous ASD closure. In this study, we report on the incidence of AVB associated with intraoperative device closure of the ASD with transthoracic minimal invasion, and the outcomes of this complication in our center.
Between May 2006 and January 2011, a total of 213 secundum-type ASD patients were accepted in our hospital for intraoperative and transthoracic device closure with a domestic occluder. All patients were assessed by real-time transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) and electrocardiograph (ECG).
All patients were occluded successfully under this approach. Immediate postprocedure third-degree AVB was observed in two patients. Since heart rates were in the range of about 50 to 55 beats per minute, no intervention was needed except for close observation for one patient. Another patient who recovered sinus rhythm intermittently during the operation was fitted with a temporary pacemaker. Approximately one week following glucocorticoid treatment, the AVB resolved spontaneously in these two patients. Mobitz type II AVB occurred in three patients during the procedure. Two patients developed post-operative cardiac arrest and were rescued successfully with cardiopulmonary resuscitation. One other patient changed to Mobitz type I AVB after three days. During the follow-up period, which ranged from six months to five years, no further occurrence of AVB was found.
Intraoperative and transthoracic device closure of secundum ASDs with domestic occluder resulted in excellent closure rate. AVB is an infrequent but serious complication during and after device closure of a secundum ASD. AVB is a complication that warrants greater attention and long-term follow-up.
PLoS ONE 01/2012; 7(12):e52726. · 3.53 Impact Factor