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Publications (7)12.75 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: As important regulators of chromatin, histone deacetylases (HDACs) are involved in silencing tumor suppressor genes. HDAC2, a member of HDACs, has been demonstrated to be implicated in the development and progression of various human malignancies; however, its expression and role in human primary gallbladder carcinoma (PGC) are not fully understood. Therefore, we conducted this study to address this problem. The subjects were 136 patients underwent resection for PGC. Immunostainings for HDAC2 were performed on these archival tissues. The correlation of HDAC2 expression with clinicopathological characteristics including survival was analyzed. HDAC2 was positively expressed in the nucleus of tumor cells in 86.0 % (117/136) of PGC but not in the normal epithelium of the gallbladder. Additionally, there was a significant difference in the incidence of positive nodal metastasis between high and low HDAC2 expression groups (P = 0.001). The incidences of advanced clinical stage (P = 0.005) and pathologic T stage (P < 0.001), and higher histologic grade (P < 0.001) were respectively higher in the high HDAC2 expression group than in the low group. Moreover, univariate and multivariate analyses revealed the high HDAC2 expression to be an independent prognostic factor for both overall and disease-free survival of patients with PGC. High HDAC2 expression was correlated with a high incidence of lymph node metastasis and aggressive tumor progression of PGC. It also was an independent prognostic factor for poorer overall and disease-free survival in patients. Therefore, detection of HDAC2 expression may help us screen patients at increased risk of malignant behavior for PGC.
    Pathology & Oncology Research 12/2012; · 1.56 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The interaction between Metadherin (MTDH) and Staphylococcal nuclease homology domain containing 1 (SND1) is involved in tumorigenesis and tumor progression of several human malignancies. However, its roles in colon cancer are still unclear. To investigate the clinical value of MTDH and SND1 expression in colon cancer. Immunohistochemical staining was performed to detect the expression of MTDH and SND1 using human colon cancer and their corresponding non-cancerous colon tissues from 196 patients' biopsies. Positive expression of MTDH and SND1 were both increased in colon cancer tissues compared to paired non-cancerous colon tissues. There was a positive correlation between MTDH and SND1 expression in colon cancer tissues (r = 0.86, p < 0.001). In addition, their positive expression were both significantly associated with nodal status (both p = 0.02), pathological stage (p = 0.006 and 0.008, respectively) and differentiation (both p = 0.03). Moreover, the overall survival in colon cancer patients with positive expression of MTDH and SND1 were significantly shorter than those without their expression (both p = 0.01). Furthermore, multivariate Cox regression analysis suggested that positive expression of MTDH and SND1 was an independent poor prognostic predictor in colon cancer. Our data suggest that the increased expression of MTDH and/or SND1 is closely related to carcinogenesis, progression, and prognosis of colon cancer. The co-expression of MTDH/SND1 may be a novel distinctive marker to benefit us in prediction of the prognosis in colon cancer.
    Molecular Biology Reports 10/2012; · 2.51 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: AIM: Chromodomain helicase DNA-binding protein 5 (CHD5) plays a role in normal neural development and in tumorigenesis of various human cancers. However, its role in primary gallbladder carcinoma (PGC) is still unclear. The aim of this study was to investigate CHD5 expression in PGC and its clinical significance. METHODS: CHD5 mRNA and protein expression in 120 PGC and 20 normal gallbladder specimens was determined by quantitative reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (QRT-PCR) and Western blotting analysis, respectively. RESULTS: The expression levels of CHD5 mRNA and protein in PGC tissues were both significantly lower than those in the normal epithelium of the gallbladder (mRNA: P = 0.006; protein: P = 0.01). CHD5 mRNA expression was closely correlated with its protein expression (r = 0.8; P < 0.001). Additionally, the low expression of CHD5 protein was significantly associated with high pathologic T stage (P = 0.01) and clinical stage (P = 0.008), and advanced histologic grade (P = 0.009). The expression levels of CHD5 protein in PGC tissues with positive nodal metastasis were also significantly lower than those without (P = 0.01). Survival analysis showed that low CHD5 expression was associated with shorter disease-free (P = 0.01) and overall survival (P = 0.008) compared to those with high CHD5 expression in PGC patients. Furthermore, multivariate analyses showed that the decreased expression of CHD5 was an independent prognostic marker for both unfavorable disease-free (P = 0.01) and overall survival (P = 0.006). CONCLUSION: CHD5 may be involved in carcinogenesis of PGC and its down-regulation may be significantly correlated with unfavorable clinicopathologic features including poor overall and disease-free survival in patients.
    Clinical and Translational Oncology 07/2012; · 1.28 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: SOX4, as a member of the SRY-related HMG-box (SOX) transcription factor family, has been demonstrated to be involved in tumorigenesis of many human malignancies; however, its role in primary gallbladder carcinoma (PGC) is still largely unknown. The aim of this study was to investigate SOX4 expression in PGC and its prognostic significance. From 1997 to 2006, 136 patients underwent resection for PGC. The median follow-up was 12.8 months. Immunostainings for SOX4 were performed on these archival tissues. The correlation of SOX4 expression with clinicopathological features including survival was analyzed. SOX4 was expressed in 75.0% (102/136) of PGC but not in the normal epithelium of the gallbladder. In addition, the over-expression of SOX4 was significantly associated with low histologic grade (P = 0.02), low pathologic T stage (P = 0.02), and early clinical stage (P = 0.03). The levels of SOX4 immunostainings in PGC tissues with positive nodal metastasis were also significantly lower than those without (P = 0.01). Moreover, Kaplan-Meier curves showed that SOX4 over-expression was significantly related to better overall (P = 0.008) and disease-free survival (P = 0.01). Furthermore, multivariate analyses showed that SOX4 expression was an independent risk factor for both overall (P = 0.03, hazard ratio, 3.682) and disease-free survival (P = 0.04, hazard ratio, 2.215). Our data indicate for the first time that the over-expression of SOX4 in PGC was significantly correlated with favorable clinicopathologic features and was an independent prognostic factor for better overall and disease-free survival in patients. Therefore, SOX4 might be an auxiliary parameter for predicting malignant behavior for PGC. VIRTUAL SLIDES: The virtual slide(s) for this article can be found here: http://www.diagnosticpathology.diagnomx.eu/vs/1534825818694957.
    Diagnostic Pathology 04/2012; 7:41. · 2.41 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The activation of hedgehog (Hh) pathways has been studied extensively in many malignant tumors to elucidate their clinical diagnostic and prognostic utilities. However, their roles in primary gallbladder carcinoma (GBC) remain poorly understood. This study was conducted to clarify the immunoreactivity and prognostic value of Hh pathway components in GBC. Levels of sonic hedgehog (Shh), its receptor, Patched (Ptch1), and its downstream transcription factor, Gli1 protein, were measured by immunohistochemistry in 93 specimens from patients with GBC. We analyzed the correlations between the expression of these factors and clinicopathological features, including prognosis. Among the 93 GBC specimens, 76 (81.7%), 70 (75.3%) and 66 (70.0%) were positive for Shh, Ptch1 and Gli1 expression, respectively. Expressions were significantly correlated with stage, lymph node metastasis, venous invasion, hepatic infiltration and lymphatic invasion (all P < 0.05). Patients with positive staining for Shh, Ptch1 and Gli1 had significantly lower survival rates than patients with negative staining. The expression patterns of Shh, Ptch1 and Gli1 were all associated with a malignant behavior risk category in GBC. To our knowledge, this is the first report to define the role of the Hh pathway in GBC. Shh, Ptch1 and Gli1 are frequently expressed in GBC and associated with poorer survival. Thus, high expressions of Shh, Ptch1 and Gli1 proteins could serve as auxiliary parameters for predicting the malignant behavior of GBC.
    Surgery Today 03/2012; 42(8):770-5. · 0.96 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Tiam1-Rac1 signaling plays an important role in the migration, invasion and metastasis of tumor cells. The aim of the present study was to clarify the clinical value of Tiam1 and Rac1 expression in primary gallbladder carcinoma (PGC). Eighty-six PGC tissues were evaluated by immunohistochemistry for Tiam1 and Rac1 expression. The association of Tiam1 and Rac1 expression with clinicopathological characteristics and the univariate survival analysis for the influence of Tiam1 and Rac1 expression on the overall survival were analyzed. Tiam1 and Rac1 immunoreactivities were observed in 72 (83.7%) and 68 (79.1%) of the 86 PGC cases, but not in the non-neoplastic gallbladder tissues, respectively. The tumors with the positive expression of Tiam1 and Rac1 more frequently showed lymph node metastasis (P = 0.01 and 0.008), lymphovascular invasion (P = 0.009 and 0.01) and recurrence (both P = 0.01), respectively. In addition, the tumors with the positive expression of Tiam1 and Rac1 significantly tended to show deeper invasion depth (P = 0.007 and 0.005) and higher TNM stage (both P = 0.005). The Kaplan-Meier survival curves demonstrated that patients with the positive expression of Tiam1 and Rac1 had a significantly shorter survival time than those patients with their negative expression (both P = 0.01). Multivariate analysis revealed that the positive expression of Tiam1 (P = 0.02) and Rac1 (P = 0.02), as well as TNM stage (P = 0.04), to be independently associated with a poor prognosis of patients with PGC. The data from this study suggest for the first time that Tiam1 and Rac1 are frequently expressed in PGC and are associated with decreased survival of the patients. Therefore, Tiam1 and Rac1 expressions may be independent predictors for the poor prognosis in patients with PGC.
    Medical Oncology 08/2011; 29(3):1873-8. · 2.14 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Matrix metalloprotease-1 and protease-activated receptor-1 axis plays an important role in many cancers, with activation often associated with poor survival. The aim of the present study was to determine whether the immunohistochemical detection of matrix metalloprotease-1 and protease-activated receptor-1 could provide useful information as novel therapeutic or prognostic factors in primary gallbladder carcinoma. Eighty-six gallbladder carcinoma tissues were evaluated by immunohistochemistry for matrix metalloprotease-1 and protease-activated receptor-1 expressions. The association of matrix metalloprotease-1 and protease-activated receptor-1 expressions with clinicopathological characteristics and the univariate survival analysis for the influence of matrix metalloprotease-1 and protease-activated receptor-1 expressions on the overall survival were analyzed. Matrix metalloprotease-1 and protease-activated receptor-1 immunoreactivities were observed in 62 (72.1%) and 59 (68.6%) of the 86 gallbladder carcinoma cases, respectively. The tumors with the positive expressions of matrix metalloprotease-1 (P= 0.007) and protease-activated receptor-1 (P= 0.01) more frequently showed lymph node metastasis, respectively. In addition, the tumors with the positive expressions of matrix metalloprotease-1 and protease-activated receptor-1 tended to show a deeper invasion depth (P= 0.006 and 0.008, respectively) and more frequent lymphovascular invasion (both P= 0.01). The Kaplan-Meier survival curves demonstrated that patients with the positive expressions of matrix metalloprotease-1 and protease-activated receptor-1 had a significantly shorter survival time than those patients with their negative expression (both P= 0.02). A subset of gallbladder carcinoma cases revealed the overexpression of matrix metalloprotease-1 and protease-activated receptor-1, which was associated with a progressive pathological feature and an aggressive clinical course. Therefore, matrix metalloprotease-1 and protease-activated receptor-1 expressions may be predictors for a poor prognosis in patients with gallbladder carcinoma. This is the first report describing about the involvement of matrix metalloprotease-1 and protease-activated receptor-1 axis in gallbladder carcinoma.
    Japanese Journal of Clinical Oncology 08/2011; 41(9):1086-93. · 1.90 Impact Factor