[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: In higher plants, the Dof transcription factors that harbour a conserved plant-specific DNA-binding domain function in the regulation of diverse biological processes that are unique to plants. Although these factors are present in both higher and lower plants, they have not yet been characterized in lower plants. Here six genes encoding Dof transcription factors in the moss Physcomitrella patens are characterized and two of these genes, PpDof1 and PpDof2, are functionally analysed. The targeted disruption of PpDof1 caused delayed or reduced gametophore formation, accompanied by an effect on development of the caulonema from the chloronema. Furthermore, the ppdof1 disruptants were found to form smaller colonies with a reduced frequency of branching of protonemal filaments, depending on the nutrients in the media. Most of these phenotypes were not apparent in the ppdof2 disruptant, although the ppdof2 disruptants also formed smaller colonies on a particular medium. Transcriptional repressor activity of PpDof1 and PpDof2 and modified expression of a number of genes in the ppdof disruptant lines were also shown. These results thus suggest that the PpDof1 transcriptional repressor has a role in controlling nutrient-dependent filament growth.
Journal of Experimental Botany 02/2012; 63(8):3185-97. · 5.24 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Carbon catabolite repression (CCR) is a widespread phenomenon in many bacteria that is defined as the repression of catabolic enzyme activities for an unfavorable carbon source by the presence of a preferable carbon source. In Streptomyces, secondary metabolite production often is negatively affected by the carbon source, indicating the involvement of CCR in secondary metabolism. Although the CCR mechanism in Streptomyces still is unclear, glucokinase is presumably a central player in CCR. SgGlkA, a glucokinase from S. griseus, belongs to the ROK family glucokinases, which have two consensus sequence motifs (1 and 2). Here, we report the crystal structures of apo-SgGlkA, SgGlkA in complex with glucose, and SgGlkA in complex with glucose and adenylyl imidodiphosphate (AMPPNP), which are the first structures of an ROK family glucokinase. SgGlkA is divided into a small α/β domain and a large α+β domain, and it forms a dimer-of-dimer tetrameric configuration. SgGlkA binds a β-anomer of glucose between the two domains, and His157 in consensus sequence 1 plays an important role in the glucose-binding mechanism and anomer specificity of SgGlkA. In the structures of SgGlkA, His157 forms an HC3-type zinc finger motif with three cysteine residues in consensus sequence 2 to bind a zinc ion, and it forms two hydrogen bonds with the C1 and C2 hydroxyls of glucose. When the three structures are compared, the structure of SgGlkA is found to be modified by the binding of substrates. The substrate-dependent conformational changes of SgGlkA may be related to the CCR mechanism in Streptomyces.
Journal of bacteriology 11/2011; 194(3):607-16. · 3.94 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Glucokinase catalyzes the phosphorylation of glucose using ATP to yield glucose 6-phosphate. SgGlkA is a bacterial group III glucokinase from Streptomyces griseus that seems to play a regulatory role in carbon catabolite repression in this organism. SgGlkA was expressed in Escherichia coli, purified and crystallized using the sitting-drop vapour-diffusion method at 293 K. A crystal of SgGlkA in complex with glucose was obtained using a reservoir solution consisting of 0.9 M sodium/potassium tartrate, 0.2 M NaCl and 0.1 M imidazole pH 8.1 and diffracted X-rays to 1.84 Å resolution. The crystal of SgGlkA in complex with glucose belonged to space group P6(2)22 or P6(4)22, with unit-cell parameters a = b = 109.19, c = 141.18 Å. The crystal contained one molecule in the asymmetric unit.
Acta Crystallographica Section F Structural Biology and Crystallization Communications 08/2011; 67(Pt 8):914-6. · 0.55 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We found 19 putative genes for plant-specific Dof transcription factors in the moss Physcomitrella patens and one Dof gene in the green alga Chlamydomonas reinhardtii, but no identifiable Dof gene in the red alga Cyanidioschyzon merolae and the diatom Thalassiosira pseudonana, suggesting that the origin of the Dof transcription factors pre-dates the divergence of the green algae and the ancestors of terrestrial plants. The phylogenetic analyses contended that the Dof family in angiosperms formed through a series of evolutionary processes, including intensive duplications of a specific ancestral gene after the divergence of the moss and the angiosperm lineages.
Plant and Cell Physiology 02/2007; 48(1):179-85. · 4.13 Impact Factor