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ABSTRACT: Esophageal varices are often seen in cirrhotic patients. Because endoscopic therapy for esophageal varices forces such patients to go on an extended fast until the endoscopic therapy occurs, physical and psychological stresses are induced. The aims of this study were to investigate the effects of a nutritional supplement before endoscopic therapy on such stresses, and on the safety of therapy.
Thirty-six cirrhotic patients with esophageal varices were enrolled in this study and classified into two groups. In the fasting group, no energy was supplied to patients prior to endoscopic therapy (n=18). In the supplement group, a supplement of 200kcal was given prior to endoscopic therapy (n=18). The effects of the supplement on the safety of therapy and on stresses were evaluated by the endoscopist and by the self-rating questionnaire.
There were no significant differences in age, gender, BMI, or Child-Pugh score between the two groups. There was no interference with endoscopic therapy in the supplement group. Although physical symptoms were not significantly different between the two groups, stress scores for hypodynamia, was significantly lower in the supplement group than in the fasting group.
We first demonstrated that the supplementation before endoscopic therapy does not interfere with endoscopic treatment for esophageal varices in cirrhotic patients. Supplementation improves fasting-related hypodynamia.
Hepato-gastroenterology 58(107-108):814-8. · 0.77 Impact Factor