ABSTRACT: Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium is a Gram negative bacterial pathogen and a common cause of food-borne illness. Molecular hydrogen has been shown to be a key respiratory electron donor during infection and H(2) oxidation can be catalysed by three genetically-distinct [NiFe] hydrogenases. Of these, hydrogenases-1 (Hyd-1) and Hyd-2 have well-characterised homologues in Escherichia coli. The third, designated Hyd-5 here, is peculiar to Salmonella and is expressed under aerobic conditions. In this work, Salmonella was genetically modified to enable the isolation and characterisation of Hyd-5. Electrochemical analysis established that Hyd-5 is a H(2)-oxidising enzyme that functions in very low levels of H(2) and sustains this activity in high levels of O(2). In addition, electron paramagnetic resonance spectroscopy of the Hyd-5 isoenzyme reveals a complex paramagnetic FeS signal at high potentials which is comparable to that observed for other O(2)-tolerant respiratory [NiFe] hydrogenases. Taken altogether, Hyd-5 can be classified as an O(2)-tolerant hydrogenase that confers upon Salmonella the ability to use H(2) as an electron donor in aerobic respiration.
FEBS letters 08/2011; 586(5):536-44. · 3.54 Impact Factor