Are you Lee Kantar?

Claim your profile

Publications (3)5.06 Total impact

  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Abstract Moose sera were collected from harvested animals during the 2010 hunting season in Maine. Of the 145 serum samples screened by plaque reduction neutralization test (PRNT), 16 (11%) had antibodies to eastern equine encephalitis virus (EEEV). Positive samples were collected from Aroostook County (n=13), Somerset County (n=2), and Piscataquis County (n=1) in northern and central Maine. Preliminary mosquito surveillance revealed the presence of enzootic and bridge vectors mosquitoes, including Culiseta (Climacura) melanura (Coquillett), Aedes (Aedimorphus) vexans (Meigen), and Coquillettidia (Coquillettidia) perturbans (Walker). Select mosquito species were tested by RT-PCR for the presence of EEEV. None were positive. This is the first report of EEEV in moose from Maine.
    Vector borne and zoonotic diseases (Larchmont, N.Y.) 12/2013; DOI:10.1089/vbz.2012.1172 · 2.53 Impact Factor
  • Rod Cumberland, Lee Kantar
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Management goals and objectives for moose (Alces alces) in Maine are centered on providing hunting and wildlife viewing opportunity. Robust population estimates of moose are critical to assure that harvest rates are appropriate and biologically sustainable while also addressing values of other user groups. The Maine Department of Inland Fisheries and Wildlife most recently used the relationship between moose sightings by deer hunters and moose abundance to produce density indices within Wildlife Management Districts (WMD). Due to the marked decline of deer hunters in much of northern Maine that invalidates use of this technique, we tested a double-count aerial survey method to estimate moose abundance in 9 northern WMDs. Density estimates ranged from 0.4–4.0 moose/ km2, sightability was high (>70%) for all size moose groups (1–≥3 moose), and moose were well distributed across the landscape in early winter. The density estimates tracked closely with trends in moose sighting rate by moose hunters, harvest level, and hunter success rate in the survey area, and were consistent with jurisdictions in eastern Canada that also have low levels of predation and a preponderance of younger-aged forests. The double-count aerial survey is considered the preferred method to estimate population density, whereas hunter sighting indices would be most useful to track temporal population changes within a WMD.
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Serum from 226 free-ranging white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus) was screened for Eastern Equine Encephalitis Virus (EEEV) antibodies using plaque reduction neutralization tests. EEEV antibodies were detected in 7.1% of samples. This is the first time EEEV antibodies have been detected in O. virginianus populations in the state of Maine (ME). The highest percentage of EEEV positive sera was in Somerset County (19%) in central ME, and this is the first time that EEEV activity has been detected in that County. EEEV RNA was not detected in any of the 150 harvested deer brain samples submitted to the ME Department of Inland Fisheries and Wildlife as a part of screening for Chronic Wasting Disease. This suggests that screening deer brains is not an efficient method to detect EEEV activity. For each serum sample tested, the geographic location in which the deer was harvested was recorded. Significant spatial clustering of antibody-positive sera samples was not detected. Relative to seronegative deer, seropositive deer were slightly more likely to be harvested in nonforested areas compared with forested areas. Results indicate that screening of free-ranging deer sera can be a useful tool for detecting EEEV activity in ME and other parts of North America.
    Vector borne and zoonotic diseases (Larchmont, N.Y.) 07/2011; 11(10):1403-9. DOI:10.1089/vbz.2011.0643 · 2.53 Impact Factor