Lei Li

Fudan University, Shanghai, Shanghai Shi, China

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Publications (39)54.3 Total impact

  • Zhonghua bing li xue za zhi Chinese journal of pathology 09/2014; 43(9):627-8.
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    ABSTRACT: Nucleos(t)ide analogs (NAs) can indirectly restore host immunity against hepatitis B virus (HBV) by inhibiting virus replication. We aimed to investigate whether telbivudine could prevent HBV-related fibrosis progression by their influence on CD4(+) T cell response. Thirty-six HBeAg-positive patients with chronic hepatitis B (CHB) were enrolled for 52-week telbivudine mono-therapy and were followed at treatment week (TW)-0, 4, 12, 24 and 52. By TW-52, the patients were classified into a complete-response group (CR, n=10) with both negative HBV-DNA and HBeAg, or a part-response group (PR, n=11) only with negative DNA, or a non-response group (NR, n= 15) still with positive DNA. The peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) were prepared for further flow cytometric and real-time PCR analyses, and also for the in-vitro experiments with primary hepatic stellate cells (HSCs). Peripherally, all chronic HBV-infected subjects showed the involvement of CD4(+) T cell responses, among whom the inactive carriers (IC) had Th1 (CD4(+) IFNγ(+) ) dominated, CHB had Th17 (CD4(+) IL-17(+) ) dominated, while the immune tolerant (IT) subjects had Treg (CD4(+) CD25(high) Foxp3(+) ) dominated. Besides, we found the therapeutic responses to telbivudine were especially associated with up-regulation of Th1 and Th17, and down-regulation of Treg. Furthermore, compared to CD4(+) cells from CR, those from NR could in-vitro significantly exacerbate cell activation, proliferation and cytokine production of HSCs, which were partly mediated by IL-4 and TGF-β1. Telbivudine might slow down HBV-related liver fibrosis progression by restoring CD4(+) T cell responses against HBV. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
    Liver international: official journal of the International Association for the Study of the Liver 05/2014; · 3.87 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The clinical data of a patient with acute-on-chronic liver failure were analyzed retrospectively. The patient has suffered from hepatitis B for 30 years. His liver function deteriorated, yielding Child-Pugh grade C and reaching a model for end-stage liver disease score of 33 points within a short period; this condition was complicated with highly active variceal bleeding and coagulation system failure (PT > 100 s). The patient also presented hepatocellular carcinoma. Comprehensive treatments included effective inhibition of hepatitis B virus replication and intensive care support. Piggyback orthotopic liver transplantation was performed as the final treatment. The patient recovered uneventfully and was discharged after surgery.
    Frontiers of medicine. 05/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Mucinous minimal deviation adenocarcinoma (MDA) is a rare highly differentiated tumor of uterine cervix, of which the confusing histopathology resembling some benign lesions usually makes difficulty for pathologic diagnosis. The expression of forkhead box protein P1 (FOXP1) is found in some kinds of human tumors and is considered to be associated with the progression of the tumors. The purpose of this study is to detect the FOXP1 expression in MDA and evaluate its possible role in the diagnosis of MDA. Twenty-two MDA cases and 20 control cases consisting of 10 cases of lobular endocervical glandular hyperplasia and 10 cases of normal endocervical tissue were included in this study. All available clinical data were collected and immunostaining for FOXP1, carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA), human milk fat globule antigen 1 (HMFG1), estrogen receptor, and progesterone receptor were performed on these cases. The nuclear/cytoplasmic expression of FOXP1 was found in 18 of 22 MDA cases while in 1 of 20 control cases, which showed statistical significance (P = .000). The cytoplasmic CEA expression was found in 14 of 22 MDA cases and 2 of 20 control cases (P = .000), whereas cytoplasmic HMFG1 expression was found in 10 of 22 MDA cases and 4 of 20 control cases (P = .081). No statistical difference was found between FOXP1 and CEA expression (P = .083) or between FOXP1 and HMFG1 expression (P = .375) in MDA. Neither estrogen receptor nor PR expression was found in MDA. The significant expression of FOXP1 in MDA may be helpful to some extent in the pathologic diagnosis of cervical MDA. A widened observation range and further researches are needed to elucidate the potential mechanism.
    Annals of diagnostic pathology. 05/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: In this paper, we described a placenta with vesicular lesions in a 23-year-old woman (1-gravid) who visited our hospital at 13 weeks of gestation on prenatal routine examination. Ultrasound findings showed multiple vesicular lesions which gradually increased as the pregnancy advanced, and a live normal-appearing fetus which was confirmed of IUGR at 30 weeks of gestation in her uterus. Throughout gestation, the maternal serum β-human chorionic gonadotropin level keeps normal, but the serum alpha-fetoprotein was higher than average. The patient delivered an 1800-g female without obvious anomalies at 35 weeks 5 days of gestation due to premature rupture of membrane. The diagnosis of placental mesenchymal dysplasia was determined on the pathological examination and androgenetic/biparental mosaicism in the placenta was identified by immunohistochemical staining of p57kip2.
    International journal of clinical and experimental pathology. 01/2014; 7(8):5302-7.
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    ABSTRACT: Colorectal cancer (CRC) is a major cause of morbidity and mortality throughout the world. However, the genetic alterations and molecular mechanism of the early onset CRCs are not fully investigated. The present study aimed to characterize early onset CRC by analyzing its gene expression compared with normal controls and to identify network-based biomarkers of early onset CRC. The gene expression profiles of early onset CRC were downloaded from Gene Expression Omnibus and the differentially expressed genes (DEGs) in CRC patients were identified. Then, a protein-protein interaction (PPI) network was constructed and the clusters in PPI were analyzed by ClusterONE. Furthermore, the gene ontology functional analysis and pathway enrichment analysis were conducted to the modules in PPI network. A systems biology approach integrating microarray data and PPI was further applied to construct a PPI network in CRC. Total 631 DEGs were identified from the early onset CRC compared to healthy controls. These genes were found to be involved in several biological processes, including cell communication, cell proliferation, cell shape and apoptosis. Five functional modules which may play important roles in the initiation of early onset CRC were identified from the PPI network. Functional annotation revealed that these five modules were involved in the pathways of signal transduction, carcinogenesis and metastasis. The hub nodes of these five modules, CDC42, TEX11, QKI, CAV1 and FN1, may serve as the biomarkers of early onset CRC and have the potential to be targets for therapeutic intervention. However, further investigations are still needed to confirm our findings.
    Molecular Biology Reports 11/2013; · 2.51 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: PNAS-4, a novel pro-apoptotic gene, was activated during the early response to DNA damage. Previous studies have shown that hPNAS-4 can inhibit tumor growth when over-expressed in ovarian cancer cells. However, the underlying action mechanism remains elusive. In this work, we found that hPNAS-4 expression was significantly increased in SKOV3 cells when exposed to cisplatin, methyl methanesulfonate or mitomycin C, and that its overexpression could induce proliferation inhibition, S phase arrest and apoptosis in A2780s and SKOV3 ovarian cancer cells. The S phase arrest caused by hPNAS-4 was associated with up-regulation of p21. p21 is p53-dispensable and correlates with activation of ERK, and activation of the Cdc25A-Cdk2-Cyclin E/Cyclin A pathway, while the pro-apoptotic effects of hPNAS-4 were mediated by activation of caspase-9 and -3 other than caspase-8, and accompanied by release of AIF, Smac and cytochrome c into the cytosol. Taken together, these data suggest a new mechanism by which hPNAS-4 inhibits proliferation of ovarian cancer cells by inducing S phase arrest and apoptosis via activation of Cdc25A-Cdk2-Cyclin E/Cyclin A axis and mitochondrial dysfunction-mediated caspase-dependent and -independent apoptotic pathways. To our knowledge, we provide the first molecular evidence for the potential application of hPNAS-4 as a novel target in ovarian cancer gene therapy.
    Apoptosis 01/2013; · 4.07 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Progestins, particularly medroxyprogesterone acetate (MPA), have for a long time been used as conservative treatment for young patients with clinical stage I, grade I endometrial carcinoma. However, more than 30% of patients with endometrial adenocarcinoma display resistance to endocrine therapies at the time of presentation and most cancer patients that initially respond to progestin treatment will at some point develop resistance, resulting in tumor progression. The cellular mechanisms underlying acquired resistance to progestin are poorly understood. In order to investigate the molecular mechanisms whereby human endometrial adenocarcinoma develops resistance to progestin therapy, we have undertaken to develop human endometrial adenocarcinoma cell lines that are resistant to the growth-inhibitory effects of progestins in vitro. A progestin-resistant subcell line of Ishikawa cells was developed from Ishikawa human endometrial adenocarcinoma cells by stepwise selection in increasing concentrations of the synthetic progestin, MPA, over ten months. The doubling time of the progestin-resistant cells (34.18±3.15 h) grown routinely in the medium containing 10 μM MPA was not significantly different from the doubling time of the parent Ishikawa cells (35.14±2.68 h) grown in the absence of MPA (t=-0.331, P=0.762). Moreover, the effect of treatment with MPA shifted from suppression of growth and invasiveness, as observed in the parent Ishikawa cells, to stimulation of growth and invasiveness in the progestin-resistant Ishikawa cells. The positive rates of estrogen receptor a (ERα) and progesterone receptor B (PRB) of the progestin-resistant Ishikawa cells were significantly reduced, whilst the positive rate of ERβ was significantly enhanced compared to the parent Ishikawa cells. These differences were statistically significant (P<0.05). Our results indicate that long-term treatment with MPA in Ishikawa cells may give rise to a resistance effect to MPA. When the resistant subtype is acquired, treatment with MPA enhances cancer cell proliferation and invasiveness. The imbalance of ER and PR subtypes may contribute to the mechanisms involved in progestin resistance. Determination of the subtypes of ER and PR may provide important additional information on the hormone sensitivity of endometrial carcinoma.
    Oncology letters 01/2013; 5(1):139-144. · 0.24 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The migration of hepatic stellate cells (HSCs) is essential to the hepatic fibrotic response, and recently High-mobility group box 1 (HMGB1) has been shown up-regulated during liver fibrosis. Nevertheless, whether HMGB1 can modulate the proliferation and migration of HSCs is poorly understood, as well as the involved intracellular signaling. In this study, we examined the effect of HMGB1 on proliferation, migration, pro-fibrotic function of HSCs and investigated whether toll-like family of receptor 4 (TLR4) dependent signal pathway is involved in the intracellular signaling regulation. METHODOLOGYPRINCIPAL FINDINGS: Modified transwell chamber system to mimic the space of Disse was used to evaluate the migration of human primary HSCs, and the protein expressions of related signal factors were evaluated by western blot. Cell proliferation was analyzed by MTT assay, the pro-fibrotic functions of HSCs by qRT-PCR and ELISA respectively. Recombinant human HMGB1 could significantly promote migration of HSCs under both haptotactic and chemotactic stimulation, especially the latter. Human TLR4 neutralizing antibody could markedly inhibit HMGB1-induced migration of HSCs. HMGB1 could enhance the phosphorylation of JNK and PI3K/Akt, and TLR4 neutralizing antibody inhibited HMGB1-enhanced phosphorylation of JNK and PI3K/Akt and activation of NF-κB. JNK inhibitor (SP600125) and PI3K inhibitor (LY 294002) significantly inhibited HMGB1-induced proliferation and migration of HSCs, and also reduced HMGB1-enhanced related collagen expressions and pro-fibrotic cytokines production. CONCLUSIONSSIGNIFICANCE: HMGB1 could significantly enhance migration of HSCs in vitro, and TLR4-dependent JNK and PI3K/Akt signal pathways are involved in the HMGB1-induced proliferation, migration and pro-fibrotic effects of HSCs, which indicates HMGB1 might be an effective target to treat liver fibrosis.
    PLoS ONE 01/2013; 8(5):e64373. · 3.53 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To study the clinicopathologic features of primitive neuroectodermal tumor (PNET) in female genital tract. Six cases of PNET arising in female genital tract were retrospectively reviewed. The clinicopathologic features, immunohistochemical findings and EWS gene translocation study results were analyzed. The age of patients ranged from 10 to 27 years (mean = 20 years). The sites of involvement included ovary (1 case), uterus (1 case), vulva (2 cases) and vagina (2 cases). The greatest diameter of the tumor ranged from 2 to 10 cm (mean = 5.4 cm). The tumor had nodular appearance and showed grayish-pink fleshy cut surface, accompanied by foci of hemorrhage and necrosis. Histologically, the tumor was composed of malignant small round cells with indistinct cell borders, hyperchromatic nuclei, dense chromatin, tiny nucleoli and scanty cytoplasm. The tumor cells were arranged in sheets or lobules. Homer-Wright rosettes were identified in 1 case. Immunohistochemical study showed that the tumor cells were positive for CD99, FLI-1 and CD56 (6/6). Focal expression of vimentin (5/6), NSE (5/6), nestin (4/6), synaptophysin (4/6), S-100 protein (2/6) and chromogranin A (1/6) was also demonstrated. EWS gene translocation was detected in 5 cases studied. Follow-up information was available in 2 patients (7 and 17 months of follow up, respectively). One of them died of tumor metastasis 17 months after diagnosis. The other patient was still alive. PNET arising in female genital tract is rare. It mainly involves ovary, uterus, vulva and vagina. Immunohistochemical study using a panel of antibodies and fluorescence in-situ hybridization play an important role in definitive diagnosis of this rare malignancy.
    Zhonghua bing li xue za zhi Chinese journal of pathology 11/2012; 41(11):729-32.
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    ABSTRACT: The aims of this study were to elucidate the immunomodulatory effects of glycyrrhizin (GL) on CD4(+)T cell responses during liver fibrogenesis. To obtain in vivo evidence about the effects of GL on CD4(+)T cells in livers and spleens of concanavalin A (ConA)-induced mouse model, mice were administrated with ConA together with or without GL for 8weeks. Mice treated with GL dramatically prevented liver inflammation and fibrosis. Besides, GL inhibited the infiltration of T helper (Th) cell type 1, Th2, Th17 and regulatory T cells (Treg) in livers and spleens of mouse fibrosis models, and regulated the Th1/Th2 and Treg/Th17 balances respectively to a relative dominance of Th1 and Treg lineages in livers. Moreover, GL dramatically enhanced the antifibrotic cytokine interferon (IFN)-γ and interleukin (IL)-10. GL at a concentration of 10 or 100μg/mL was respectively incubated with ConA-stimulated splenic CD4(+)T cells in vitro, and JNK inhibitor (SP600125), ERK inhibitor (U0126), p38 inhibitor (SB203580) or PI3K/AKT inhibitor (LY29400225) was added during the incubation. Notably, GL not only inhibited ConA-induced proliferation of splenic CD4(+)T cells but also enhanced the mRNAs of IFN-γ and IL-10 in these cells. Be similar to the effects of GL, SP600125, U0126 and LY29400225, however not SB203580, also inhibited ConA-induced CD4(+)T cell proliferation, indicating the involvement of JNK, ERK and PI3K/AKT in this process. Moreover, GL significantly inhibited ConA-induced phosphorylation of JNK, ERK and PI3K/AKT in vitro. Collectively, GL might alleviate liver injury and fibrosis progression via regulation of CD4(+)T cell response in JNK, ERK and PI3K/AKT-dependent pathways.
    International immunopharmacology 08/2012; 14(4):410-421. · 2.21 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Ovarian cancer is the most common cause of death from gynecologic malignancy. Deregulation of p53 and/or p73-associated apoptotic pathways contribute to the platinum-based resistance in ovarian cancer. NOXA, a pro-apoptotic BH3-only protein, is identified as a transcription target of p53 and/or p73. In this study, we found that genetic variants of Bcl-2 proteins exist among cisplatin-sensitive and -resistant ovarian cancer cells, and the responses of NOXA and Bax to cisplatin are regulated mainly by p53. We further evaluated the effect of NOXA on cisplatin. NOXA induced apoptosis and sensitized A2780s and SKOV3 cells to cisplatin in vitro and in vivo. The effects were mediated by elevated Bax expression, enhanced caspase activation, release of Cyt C and Smac into the cytosol. Furthermore, gene silencing of Bax or Smac significantly attenuated NOXA and/or cisplatin-induced apoptosis in chemosensitive A2780s cells, whereas overexpression of Bax or addition of Smac-N7 peptide significantly increased NOXA and/or cisplatin-induced apoptosis in chemoresistant SKOV3 cells. To our knowledge, these data suggest a new mechanism by which NOXA chemosensitized ovarian cancer cells to cisplatin by inducing alterations in the Bax/Smac axis. Taken together, our findings show that NOXA is potentially useful as a chemosensitizer in ovarian cancer therapy.
    PLoS ONE 08/2012; 7(5):e36722. · 3.53 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of ursodeoxycholic acid on patients with nonalcoholic steatohepatitis using meta-analysis. PubMed, EMBASE, Web of Science, Cochrane Library, Chinese Biomedical Databases, and article references were searched. We included randomized controlled trials using liver biopsy as a reference standard. We identified three eligible studies. Among histological responses, only lobular inflammation improved in the high-dose ursodeoxycholic acid subgroup compared with the control group [mean deviation (MD): -0.23 (-0.40, -0.06), P=0.008]. However, fibrosis may tend to increase [MD: 0.08 (-0.04, 0.20), P=0.17]. Among biochemical responses, γ-glutamyl transpeptidase reduction was significantly greater in the ursodeoxycholic acid group than in the placebo group, and the reduction tendency was only shown in the high-dose subgroup [MD: -35.58 (-52.60, -18.56), P<0.0001]. Serum total bilirubin increased in the high-dose ursodeoxycholic acid subgroup compared with the control group [MD: 0.43 (0.14, 0.72), P=0.004]. Ursodeoxycholic acid-treated patients did not differ significantly from control patients with regard to alanine transaminase, aspartate aminotransferase, and alkaline phosphatase activities. Adverse events were nonspecific and considered of no major clinical relevance. Ursodeoxycholic acid in monotherapy has no substantial positive effect on nonalcoholic steatohepatitis.
    European journal of gastroenterology & hepatology 08/2012; 24(11):1247-53. · 1.66 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: This study aimed to transfer the hPNAS-4 gene, a novel apoptosis-related human gene, into Lewis lung cancer (LL2) and observe its radiosensitive effect on radiation therapy in vitro and in vivo. The hPNAS-4 gene was transfected into LL2 cells, and its expression was detected via western blot. Colony formation assay and flow cytometry were used to detect the growth and apoptosis of cells treated with irradiation/PNAS-4 in vitro. The hPNAS-4 gene was transferred into LL2-bearing mice through tail vein injection of the liposome/gene complex. The tumor volumes were recorded after radiation therapy. Proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) immunohistochemistry staining and terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase-mediated dUTP nick end labeling (TUNEL) assay were performed to detect the tumor cell growth and apoptosis in vivo. The hPNAS-4 gene was successfully transferred into LL2 cells and tumor tissue, and its overexpressions were confirmed via western blot analysis. Compared with the control, empty plasmid, hPNAS-4, radiation, and empty plasmid plus radiation groups, the hPNAS-4 plus radiation group more significantly inhibited growth and enhanced apoptosis of LL2 cells in vitro and in vivo (P<.05). The hPNAS-4 gene was successfully transferred into LL2 cells and tumor tissue and was expressed in both LL2 cell and tumor tissue. The hPNAS-4 gene therapy significantly enhanced growth inhibition and apoptosis of LL2 tumor cells by radiation therapy in vitro and in vivo. Therefore, it may be a potential radiosensitive treatment of radiation therapy for lung cancer.
    International journal of radiation oncology, biology, physics 07/2012; 84(4):e533-40. · 4.59 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The forkhead box protein P1 (FOXP1) expression resulted from chromosome translocation was found in MALT lymphoma, and its nuclear expression in diffuse large B cell lymphoma has been believed to be a poor prognostic factor. In our study, FOXP1 expression was investigated in its relationship to the occurrence of large tumor cells, clinical features, and prognosis in a series of 115 MALT lymphomas divided into two groups with or without the large tumor cells. All cases were morphologically reviewed, and FOXP1 expression was detected both in mRNA and protein levels by real-time PCR, immunochemical staining, and Western blot hybridization. All available clinical data were collected. In the MALT lymphoma with large cells, FOXP1 expression was higher at both mRNA (P = 0.008) and protein (P = 0.000) levels than that in group without large cells, and most large tumor cells showed FOXP1 positivity. It was also found that cases beyond Ann Arbor stage I have a higher FOXP1 expression rate than cases in stage I (P = 0.01), moreover, FOXP1-positive group has more plasmacytic differentiation (P = 0.025), deeper filtrating depth in digestive tract (P = 0.039), and a higher Ki67 proliferation index (P = 0.022). However, no statistical significance was identified in the involved anatomic sites and prognosis. Our data demonstrated the close relationship between FOXP1 nuclear expression and the occurrence of large tumor cells in MALT lymphoma, which suggested the possibility of large cell transformation of FOXP1-positive cases. And FOXP1 positivity was associated with enhanced invasion and proliferation ability of tumor cells. In the thyroid cases, the FOXP1 positivity showed a poorer prognosis (P = 0.043), but the significance was not found in the overall survival analysis (P = 0.1123).
    Medical Oncology 06/2012; · 2.14 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Despite progress made in the treatment of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), there is no curable treatment. Novel therapies are therefore needed. In our previous study on the design and synthesis of a small molecular inhibitor targeting Aurora kinase, we discovered a novel thienopyridine derivative compound (1g, TP58) which displayed the most potent and relatively specific inhibition of the proliferation of HepG2 human hepatoma cells in vitro. However, the molecular mechanism remains to be elucidated. Herein, in vitro and in vivo studies were conducted to further verify its antitumor activity against HCC. cDNA microarray and two-dimensional protein gel electrophoresis technology were utilized to elucidate the mechanism of HCC-specific inhibition of TP58. Flow cytometry analysis displayed that TP58 can significantly induce G0/G1 arrest in HepG2 cells. Sixteen genes involved in cell cycle regulation were found to be dysregulated following TP58 treatment using microarray technology. Nine proteins whose expression was altered (corresponding to 10 spots identified as differentially expressed) were identified by proteomic analysis. Further study showed that TP58 can modulate the expression of some liver-enriched transcription factors (LETFs) and liver-specific marker genes, such as hepatic nuclear factor (HNF-4) and α-fetoprotein (AFP). These findings may help explain the mechanism of HCC-specific antitumor activity of TP58 and provide some useful insight for anti-HCC drug design and future use of thienopyridine derivatives in HCC therapy.
    Oncology Reports 04/2012; 28(1):225-31. · 2.30 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Although the migration of hepatic stellate cells (HSCs) is essential to the hepatic fibrotic response, the intracellular and extracellular signals that regulate their migration are poorly understood. To investigate the role of Rho guanosine triphosphatase (Rho GTPase) signalling, specifically via RhoA, in transforming growth factor β1 (TGFβ1)-induced HSC migration. Both primary rat HSCs and the HSC-T6 rat hepatic stellate cell line were used in this study. Cell migration was evaluated using the Transwell Boyden Chamber assay, whereas cytoskeletal changes were observed using laser confocal microscopy. Western blotting was used to detect the expression of Rho GTPases (RhoA, Rac1 and Cdc42) in HSCs, and their activation was determined using glutathione S-transferase (GST) pull-down assays. Finally, the specific effects of RhoA on TGFβ1-induced cell migration were analysed in HSC-T6 cells stably transfected with constitutively active (CA, Q63L) or dominant-negative (DN, T19N) RhoA mutants. Transforming growth factor β1 induced cytoskeletal remodelling and migration of rat HSCs following RhoA activation. The level of RhoA activation determined the motility of the HSCs. These findings broaden our understanding of the intracellular and extracellular signals that regulate HSC migration. Furthermore, RhoA may be a candidate therapeutic target for hepatic fibrosis.
    Liver international: official journal of the International Association for the Study of the Liver 04/2012; 32(7):1093-102. · 3.87 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Noxa is an important proapoptotic protein in the intrinsic pathway of cell apoptosis. Experiments were carried out to investigate whether Noxa could, therefore, enhance the cytotoxic effect of gemcitabine in human ovarian cancer cell lines (A2780 and COC1). In this study, the combined treatment of Noxa and gemcitabine, in vitro, significantly inhibited the proliferation of A2780 and COC1 cells, as verified by MTT assay, Hoechst staining, and flow cytometric analysis. Moreover, the combination of Noxa and gemcitabine inhibited tumor growth and prolonged the survival of nude mice in vivo. The combined treatment also inhibited the growth of tumor xenografts through the inhibition of proliferation and the induction of apoptosis, as observed in immunohistochemical anti-PCNA staining and TdT-mediated dUTP-biotin nick-end labeling (TUNEL) assay. Our data suggest that Noxa exhibited potent proapoptotic activity against human ovarian cancer cells, and the combination of Noxa and gemcitabine showed a more significant cytotoxic effect against ovarian cancer cells in comparison with either of these agents alone. To our knowledge, we have provided the first evidence that Noxa can enhance therapeutic responses of ovarian cancer cells to gemcitabine, and that it could be potentially useful as a chemosensitizer in ovarian cancer therapy.
    Cancer Biotherapy & Radiopharmaceuticals 04/2012; 27(4):259-66. · 1.44 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To summarize the clinical and pathological features of all reported Langerhans cell histiocytosis (LCH) cases of female genital tract and to provide our additional three cases, and the emphasis is put on the pathological diagnosis to remind both gynecologists and pathologists of this rare disease. Literatures available are reviewed and the routine hematoxylin and eosin stained sections and immunohistochemical stained sections are studied for the diagnosis of our cases. Only 18 female genital tract LCH cases have been previously reported in medical literatures. The three cases we provide are diagnosed as LCH by both morphology and immunochemical staining after biopsy. All the patients presented papulous or ulcerative lesions on vulva or cervix, and the following systemic laboratory and radiologic examinations demonstrated no other affected site. After various treatments based on surgery and chemotherapy, most patients showed no signs of local or systemic recurrence. 'Pure' LCH of female genital tract without any other spreading is a quite rare disease and it might be misrecognized as some other diseases, so both gynecologists and pathologists should keep it in mind when encountered with such cases. The three patients we reported appeared to be the first cases having 'pure' lesion of female genital tract in China.
    Archives of Gynecology 01/2012; 285(1):99-103. · 0.91 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Hepatitis B virus-related liver fibrosis (HBV-LF) always progresses from inflammation to fibrosis. However, the relationship between these two pathological conditions is not fully understood. Here, it is postulated that the balance between regulatory T (Treg) cells and T helper 17 (Th17) cells as an indicator of inflammation may predict fibrosis progression of HBV-LF. The frequencies and phenotypes of peripheral Treg and Th17 cells of seventy-seven HBeAg-positive chronic hepatitis B (CHB) patients who underwent liver biopsies and thirty healthy controls were determined by flow cytometry. In the periphery of CHB patients, both Treg and Th17 frequencies were significantly increased and correlated, and a lower Treg/Th17 ratio always indicated more liver injury and fibrosis progression. To investigate exact effects of Treg and Th17 cells during HBV-LF, a series of in vitro experiments were performed using purified CD4(+), CD4(+)CD25(+), or CD4(+)CD25(-) cells from the periphery, primary human hepatic stellate cells (HSCs) isolated from healthy liver specimens, human recombinant interleukin (IL)-17 cytokine, anti-IL-17 antibody and HBcAg. In response to HBcAg, CD4(+)CD25(+) cells significantly inhibited cell proliferation and cytokine production (especially IL-17 and IL-22) by CD4(+)CD25(-) cells in cell-contact and dose-dependent manners. In addition, CD4(+) cells from CHB patients, compared to those from HC subjects, dramatically promoted proliferation and activation of human HSCs. Moreover, in a dramatically dose-dependent manner, CD4(+)CD25(+) cells from CHB patients inhibited, whereas recombinant IL-17 response promoted the proliferation and activation of HSCs. Finally, in vivo evidence about effects of Treg/Th17 balance during liver fibrosis was obtained in concanavalin A-induced mouse fibrosis models via depletion of CD25(+) or IL-17(+) cells, and it's observed that CD25 depletion promoted, whereas IL-17 depletion, alleviated liver injury and fibrosis progression. The Treg/Th17 balance might influence fibrosis progression in HBV-LF via increase of liver injury and promotion of HSCs activation.
    PLoS ONE 01/2012; 7(6):e39307. · 3.53 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

118 Citations
54.30 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2010–2014
    • Fudan University
      • Department of Internal Medicine
      Shanghai, Shanghai Shi, China
  • 2005–2014
    • Sichuan University
      • • State Key Laboratory of Biotherapy
      • • Department of Pathology
      • • Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology
      Hua-yang, Sichuan, China