Kveta Hamáková

University of Hradec Králové, Königgrätz, Královéhradecký, Czech Republic

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Publications (4)1.23 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Background Toll-like receptor (TLR) 2 belongs to the large TLR receptor family comprised of at least 10 members with different roles in innate immunity. Psoriasis is recognized as a T-cell driven immune-mediated systemic inflammatory disease with a skin manifestation. An effective therapeutic approach to treat psoriasis is Goeckerman therapy (GT). The aim of this study was to assess both the kinetics of the expression of TLR2 on blood cells and the concentration of soluble (s)TLR2 in serum of patients with psoriasis and to examine the effect of GT on both TLR2 expression and sTLR2 level.Methods Both membrane and sTLR2 were determined in 20 patients and 20 healthy controls. sTLR2 was evaluated by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Flow cytometry method was used to determine the expression of membrane TLR2 of monocytes and granulocytes.ResultsThe serum level of sTLR2 was significantly lower (P < 0.0001) in patients both before and after GT compared to the control group. Compared to the membrane expression of TLR2 on monocytes of healthy blood donors, TLR2 expression was significantly higher in patients both before and after GT (P = 0.0001). Similarly, TLR2 expression on granulocytes was significantly higher in patients both before (P = 0.0061) and after (P < 0.0001) therapy than in control.Conclusions Membrane and soluble TLR2 may be involved in the pathogenesis of psoriasis. Both remained unchanged by GT.
    International journal of dermatology 09/2014; 53(11). DOI:10.1111/ijd.12381 · 1.23 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Regulatory T cells (Treg) are a specialized subpopulation of T cells that act to suppress inadequate immune response. Psoriasis is recognized as a T-cell driven immune-mediated systemic inflammatory disease with skin manifestation. Effective therapeutical approach to treat psoriasis is Goeckerman therapy (GT). The aim of this study was to compare the number of Treg in the peripheral blood of 27 psoriatic patients and 19 controls and to evaluate the influence of GT on Treg population in peripheral blood of patients with psoriasis. There was no significant difference in the relative number of Treg cells in the peripheral blood of healthy blood donors and patients with psoriasis before initiation of GT (P = 0.2668). In contrary, the relative number of Treg cells in peripheral blood of patients with psoriasis after GT was significantly higher than those found in healthy blood donors (P = 0.0019). Moreover, the relative number of Treg is significantly increased in psoriatic patients after Goeckerman therapy compared to the pre-treatment level (P = 0.0042). In conclusion, this significant increase in Treg count after GT is probably associated with amelioration of inflammation by GT, as disease activity expressed as PASI decreased in our patients by GT (P = 0.0001).
    Acta medica (Hradec Králové) / Universitas Carolina, Facultas Medica Hradec Králové 01/2012; 55(2):91-5.
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    ABSTRACT: Goeckerman's therapy (GT) of psoriasis is based on daily application of pharmacy grade coal tar on affected skin with subsequent exposure to UV light. Disturbances in angiogenic activity are characteristic for the immunopathogenesis of psoriasis. The aim of study was to evaluate the influence of GT of psoriasis on proinflammatory and angiogenic activities expressed as changes in levels of endoglin (CD105). Serum levels of a soluble form of endoglin were measured in peripheral blood samples of 38 patients with psoriasis before and after therapy. Sixty three otherwise healthy blood donors serve as a control group. The efficacy of GT was expressed as changes in Psoriasis Area and Severity Index (PASI). PASI score was significantly diminished by GT (p < 0.001). Serum levels of soluble CD105 were significantly diminished after GT. The serum level of soluble CD105 dropped from 7.85 +/- 2.26 ng/ml before therapy to 7.01 +/- 1.71 ng/ml after therapy (p = 0.0002). Compared to serum levels of soluble CD105 in healthy blood donors, serum levels of soluble CD105 in patients before GT were significantly higher (p < 0.001) and remained elevated after therapy (p < 0.001). Angiogenic activity expressed as serum endoglin is diminished in patients with psoriasis treated by GT.
    Acta medica (Hradec Králové) / Universitas Carolina, Facultas Medica Hradec Králové 01/2011; 54(2):59-62.
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    ABSTRACT: Goeckerman's therapy (GT) of psoriasis is based on daily application of pharmacy grade coal tar on affected skin with subsequent exposure to UV light. The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of Goeckerman's therapy of psoriasis on the levels of proangiogenic chemokines ENA-78 (CXCL5, Epithelial Cell Derived Neutrophil Attractant-78), GRO alpha (CXCL1, Growth-Related Oncogene), IL-8 (CXCL8, Interleukin-8), MCP-1 (CCL2, Monocyte Chemotactic (Chemoattractant) Protein 1) and RANTES (CCL5, Regulated on Activation of Normal T Cell Expressed and Secreted) in peripheral blood of 22 children's patients with psoriasis. 22 otherwise healthy children serve as a control group. The serum levels of chemokines were determined by commercial membrane protein array technique (RayBiotech, USA). Efficacy of Goeckerman's therapy was delineated by PASI score. Disease activity was significantly diminished by Goeckerman's therapy (p < 0.001). Serum levels of GRO alpha and MCP-1 in patients before GT were significantly higher than those measured in healthy blood donors (GRO alpha: p = 0.0128 and MCP-1: p = 0.0003). Serum levels of GRO alpha, MCP-1 and RANTES were significantly diminished by GT (GRO alpha: p = 0.002, MCP-1: p = 0.048 and RANTES: p = 0.0131). Compared to the healthy controls, serum level of MCP-1 remained significantly increased in psoriasis patients after GT (p < 0.0001). In conclusion, we found that the GT of psoriasis influenced the serum levels of proinflammatory and proangiogenic chemokines, especially GRO alpha, MCP-1 and RANTES. It could be the cause for decreased proangiogenic activity which is described after GT of psoriasis.
    Acta medica (Hradec Králové) / Universitas Carolina, Facultas Medica Hradec Králové 01/2009; 52(1):9-13.