Kai-Sheng Liu

University of Jinan (Jinan, China), Chi-nan-shih, Shandong Sheng, China

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Publications (6)15.78 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Two new dihydrothiophene-condensed chromones and a new natural chromone, namely oxalicumones A-C (1-3), respectively, were isolated from a culture broth of a marine-derived fungus Penicillium oxalicum SCSGAF 0023, Meripilaceae family. The structures of 1-3 and acetylated derivatives of 1 (4-7) were elucidated on the basis of spectroscopic methods and chemical reactions. The absolute configuration of 1 was established by using the modified Mosher ester method and circular dichroism data of in situ formed [Rh2(OCOCF3)4] and [Mo2(OAc)4] complexes. (R)-MTPA ester of 1 showed cytotoxicity against A375, SW-620, and HeLa carcinoma cell lines with IC50 values of 8.9, 7.8, and 18.4 µM, respectively. Compound 1 displayed cytotoxicity against A375 and SW-620 cell lines with IC50 values of 11.7 and 22.6 µM, respectively. The structure-biological activity relationship of 1 is discussed.
    Planta Medica 11/2012; · 2.35 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: BJ-B11 is a selective heat shock protein 90 (Hsp90) inhibitor that has been reported to possess significant antitumor activity in multiple types of cancer cells; however, the mechanism of action needs to be further clarified. We investigated, for the first time, the antitumor activity and the molecular mechanism underlying growth inhibition in Eca-109 cells. The results revealed that BJ-B11 inhibited the proliferation of Eca-109 cells in a time- and concentration-dependent manner, with 50% inhibitory concentration (IC50) values of 0.31±0.01 µM after 48-h incubation. BJ-B11 induced concentration-dependent G2/M cell cycle arrest and apoptosis. The cleavage of caspase 3 and PARP signals detected might originate from mitochondrial dysfunction, which was supported by the results of reactive oxygen species (ROS) production, cytochrome c release and the mitochondrial membrane potential (MMP) reduction. The general caspase inhibitor Z-VAD-fmk did not completely abolish BJ-B11-induced cell death. Furthermore, inhibition of the Akt/mTOR/p70S6K signaling pathway might be involved in the process of BJ-B11-induced autophagy, which was characterized by the production of autophagic vacuoles and upregulation of LC3-II protein in a time- and concentration-dependent manner. Meanwhile, the general autophagy inhibitor 3-MA decreased the apoptotic ratio. Furthermore, BJ-B11 induced the polymerization of cytoskeleton β-tubulin and F-actin. Taken together, our results suggest that the growth inhibition of Eca-109 cells induced by BJ-B11 may result from the induction of G2/M cell cycle arrest, apoptosis and autophagy.
    International Journal of Oncology 10/2012; · 2.66 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: SNX-2112 is a selective heat shock protein 90 (Hsp90) inhibitor which can exert a potent anticancer activity. In this study, we investigated the effects of SNX-2112 on B16 melanoma cells in vitro and in vivo. The 3-(4,5-dimetrylthiazol-2-yl)-2, 5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay and flow cytometric analysis demonstrated that SNX-2112 dose-dependently inhibited the growth of B16 cells, and induced G0/G1 cell cycle arrest and apoptosis. Western blotting revealed that SNX-2112 lead to the degradation of Hsp90 client proteins including Akt, IKKα, NF-κB, B-Raf and GSK3β. Furthermore, we assessed the antitumor effect of SNX-2112 in vivo, using a xenograft model in C57BL/6 mice. Oral administration of SNX-2112 significantly inhibited the growth of B16 tumors in mice, with a 47% inhibition observed at dose of 80 mg/kg/day for 15 days, compared to control tumors. Hematoxylin-eosin (H&E) staining of xenograft tissues showed that SNX-2112 also inhibited angiogenesis and lead to a lower blood vessel density in the tumors, compared to the control group. These findings demonstrate that SNX-2112 can exhibit a potent anticancer activity against B16 melanoma cells both in vitro and in vivo, by inhibiting cell proliferation and inducing cell cycle arrest and apoptosis in a mechanism dependent on the degradation of Hsp90 client proteins.
    Oncology Reports 03/2012; 27(6):1904-10. · 2.30 Impact Factor
  • The Journal of Antibiotics 12/2011; 65(2):109-11. · 2.19 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: SNX-2112 is an Hsp90 inhibitor which is currently undergoing multiple phase 1 clinical trials; however, its mechanism of action needs to be further elaborated. Here we investigated the effects of SNX-2112 in A-375 cells. SNX-2112 induced the degradation of multiple Hsp90 client proteins, activated both the mitochondrial-mediated and death receptor-mediated apoptotic pathways, downregulated Bcl-2 and Bcl-xL, upregulated Bid, cleaved caspase-9, caspase-7, caspase-3 and PARP, and activated caspase-8. The general caspase inhibitor, z-VAD-fmk, did not completely abolish SNX-2112-induced cell death. SNX-2112 induced autophagy in a time- and dose-dependent manner via Akt/mTOR/p70S6K inhibition. SNX-2112 induces significant apoptosis and autophagy in human melanoma A-375 cells, and may be an effective targeted therapy agent.
    Cancer letters 12/2011; 318(2):180-8. · 5.02 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: SNX-2112 is a heat shock protein 90 (Hsp90) inhibitor with anticancer properties currently in clinical trials. This study investigated the effects of SNX-2112 on inhibition of cell growth, the cell cycle, and apoptosis in MCF-7 human breast cancer cells, in addition to the various molecular mechanisms. The results of 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay and flow cytometric analysis suggest that SNX-2112 inhibits cell growth in a time- and dose-dependent manner more potently than 17-(allylamino)-17-demethoxygeldanmycin (17-AAG), a traditional Hsp90 inhibitor, probably as a result of cell-cycle arrest at the G2/M phase and the induction of apoptosis. Downregulation of Bcl-2 and Bcl-xL, upregulation of Bax, cleavage of caspase-9 and poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP), and degradation of the breast cancer-related Hsp90 client proteins human epidermal growth factor receptor-2 (HER2), Akt, Raf-1, and nuclear factor kappa-B kinase (IKK) were observed in SNX-2112 treated cells by Western blot assay. These findings suggest that the molecular mechanisms of cell-growth inhibition by SNX-2112 involve activation of the mitochondrial apoptotic pathway and the degradation of breast cancer-related proteins.
    Bioscience Biotechnology and Biochemistry 08/2011; 75(8):1540-5. · 1.27 Impact Factor