Korinna Huber

University of Veterinary Medicine Hannover, Hanover, Lower Saxony, Germany

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Publications (53)104.24 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: A balanced lipolytic regulation in adipose tissues based on fine-tuning of prolipolytic and antilipolytic pathways is of vital importance to maintain the metabolic health in dairy cows. Antilipolytic pathways, such as the G protein-coupled receptor 109A (GPR109A)-mediated pathway and the insulin signaling pathway in bovine adipose tissues may be involved in prohibiting excessive lipomobilization by reducing triglycerol hydrolysis. This study aimed to evaluate the in vitro antilipolytic potential of the mentioned pathways in bovine adipose tissue explants. Therefore, subcutaneous and retroperitoneal adipose tissue samples (approximately 100 mg) of German Holstein cows were treated for 90 min ex vivo with nicotinic acid (2, 8, or 32 μM), nicotinamide (2, 8, or 32 μM), β-hydroxybutyrate (0.2, 1, or 5 mM), or insulin (12 mU/L), with a concurrent lipolytic challenge provoked with 1 μM isoproterenol. Lipolytic and antilipolytic responses of the adipose tissues were assessed by measuring free glycerol and nonesterified fatty acid release. To identify molecular components of the investigated antilipolytic pathways, protein abundance of GPR109A and the extent of hormone-sensitive lipase (HSL) phosphorylation at serine residue 563 were detected by Western blotting. Treatment with nicotinic acid or β-hydroxybutyrate decreased the lipolytic response in adipose tissue explants and concurrently reduced the extent of HSL phosphorylation, but treatment with nicotinamide or insulin did not. Subcutaneous adipose tissue constitutively expressed more GPR109A protein, but no other depot-specific differences were observed. This study provides evidence that the GPR109A-mediated pathway is functionally existent in bovine adipose tissues, and confirms that HSL phosphorylation at serine residue 563 is also important in antilipolytic regulation in vitro. This antilipolytic pathway may be involved in a balanced lipid mobilization in the dairy cow.
    Journal of Dairy Science 04/2014; · 2.57 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Lidocaine is the most commonly chosen prokinetic for treating postoperative ileus in horses, a motility disorder associated with ischaemia-reperfusion injury of intestinal tissues. Despite the frequent use of lidocaine, the mechanism underlying its prokinetic effects is still unclear. Previous studies suggested that lidocaine altered cell membrane characteristics of smooth muscle cells. Therefore, the present study aimed to elucidate effects of lidocaine administration on characteristics of detergent-resistant membranes in equine jejunal smooth muscle. Lidocaine administration caused significant redistribution of flotillin-2, a protein marker of detergent-resistant membranes, in fractions of sucrose-density-gradients obtained from ischaemia-reperfusion injured smooth muscle solubilised with Triton X-100. It was concluded that lidocaine induced disruption of detergent-resistant membranes which might affect ion channel activity and therefore enhance smooth muscle contractility.
    The Veterinary Journal 01/2014; · 2.42 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In order to assess the patterns of metabolism that affect efficiency, an existing mechanistic metabolic model of dairy cows (Molly) was expanded to include transcriptional control of metabolism in adipose tissue and reproductive processes. Our objective was to test the effects of changes in gene transcription in adipose tissue on patterns of metabolism, reproductive processes and efficiency. The model describes the substrate sensitivity and maximum velocity for lipogenesis, esterification and lipolysis. Data were collected from first and second parity cows from various studies, and included nutrient intake, milk component output, changes in adipose tissue lipid, visceral and body protein and lipid, and metabolism rates in adipose tissue and gene transcription. The lipogenic pathways were primarily controlled by transcriptional changes, whereas lipolysis varied primarily by post-translational control. We used the difference in transcriptional and post-translational metabolic control to alter Vmax and Ks
    Animal Production Science 01/2014; 54(9):1224-1227. · 1.22 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: By blocking the enteric nervous system (ENS) using tetrodotoxin (TTX), previous studies have documented the contractility-enhancing (CE) effects of lidocaine in equine intestinal smooth muscle (SM) at the level of SM cells and/or interstitial cells of Cajal (ICC). The present study examined the impact of ENS deactivation on CE lidocaine effects, and investigated the effects of lidocaine on ENS activity. TTX application did not affect the CE effects of lidocaine, indicating that these were not mediated by TTX-sensitive sodium channels. Application of TTX or ≥100 mg/L lidocaine reduced ENS activity. Although such concentrations of lidocaine exceed therapeutic blood concentrations, tissue concentrations may be higher with the potential to reduce ENS activity and impair intestinal motility in vivo. Improved understanding of underlying mechanisms is relevant for therapeutic use of lidocaine in horses with postoperative ileus.
    The Veterinary Journal. 01/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: The influence of butyrate on insulin signaling in chickens was studied because butyrate is produced during microbial fermentation in the large intestine of birds and butyrate is widely used as a feed additive in animal production. Ross 308 broiler chickens received a daily intra-ingluvial bolus of sodium butyrate (0.25 g/kg BW) on d 20-24 of life (n = 10). Plasma butyrate concentration increased after receiving oral butyrate treatment (P < 0.001). Oral butyrate application was associated with decreased protein expression of insulin receptor β subunit (IRβ) in liver (P = 0.008) and both abdominal (P = 0.003) and subcutaneous adipose tissue (P < 0.001), but with elevated IRβ expression in muscle (P = 0.045), assessed by Western blotting. The quantity of hepatic phosphatidyl-inositol-3-kinase (PI3K) was reduced in the butyrate-treated group (P = 0.007), further, mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) was down-regulated by butyrate in liver (P < 0.001) and subcutaneous adipose tissue (P = 0.038). Oral butyrate application provoked reduced systemic insulin sensitivity in chickens, indicated by elevated fasting blood glucose and subsequently, insulin level. However, responses of insulin signaling cascade to butyrate were tissue-specific suggesting that butyrate could act on glucose shifting among tissues by selectively increasing the glucose uptake of skeletal muscle via IRβ up-regulation.
    Domestic Animal Endocrinology. 01/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Our knowledge of genetics, nutrient metabolism and reproductive physiology demands an integrated systems approach to both research and on-farm application. Existing mechanistic, dynamic and biochemical models exist which describe (1) nutrient metabolism and control of nutritional processes and (2) estrous cyclicity in lactating dairy cows. The metabolic model contains a simple aggregated model of lipogenesis, esterification and lipolysis; however, it is not sufficiently detailed to provide a research framework for future research. The estrous model describes the cyclicity of follicular development as well as several key reproductive hormones, but it does not contain any nutritional control as we understand it. Therefore, we developed a more detailed model of metabolism in adipose tissue, including uptake of glucose and fatty acids, fatty acid activation to the AcylCoA form, lipogenesis from acetate and butyrate, esterification of glycerol and fatty acids, and lipolysis and release of fatty acids and gl
    Animal Production Science 01/2014; · 1.22 Impact Factor
  • S Starke, K Huber
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    ABSTRACT: In a previous study, in goats, we showed that apart from variations in dietary calcium (Ca) and phosphorus intake, also low dietary nitrogen (N) intake altered plasma concentrations of hormones, which regulate Ca and phosphate (Pi ) homeostasis. These hormonal responses in goats were in accordance with findings in monogastric animals and humans with low protein intake. In the aforementioned studies, alterations of electrolyte transport in the kidneys were also observed. However, whether renal electrolyte transport in goats is also involved in the adaptation of Ca and Pi homeostasis to low N intake remains unknown. Thus, the aim of the present study was to investigate whether in addition to the hormonal changes, as observed in our former study, renal Ca transport and renal Pi transport were also altered by low N intake in goats. Therefore, in kidney samples from the goats used in our former study, the protein expression of Ca and Pi transporters and of related regulatory proteins was examined. Furthermore, the uptake of Pi into isolated brush border membrane vesicles (BBMV) was detected. The results showed that the protein amount of the renal sodium-dependent Pi transporter NaPi IIa was elevated, and concomitantly, protein expression of its upstream regulators, the parathyroid hormone receptor and the extracellular signal-regulated kinases 1 and 2 was decreased. However, Pi uptake into renal BBMV was not enhanced. Furthermore, protein expression of the renal Ca channel, the transient receptor potential cation channel subfamily V member 5 (TRPV5) and of the vitamin D receptor was not influenced by dietary N reduction. We conclude that regulation of renal Pi transporter expression in goats is involved in the adaptation of electrolyte homeostasis to low N intake.
    J Anim Physiol a Anim Nutr 11/2013; · 1.25 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In our former studies low crude protein (LCP) intake influenced N homeostasis and electrolyte handling in goats. We hypothesised that due to rumino-hepatic nitrogen (N) recycling adaptation of N homeostasis and adjustment of electrolyte handling to LCP intake differs between goats and monogastric animals. Therefore, an experiment similar to that with goats was conducted with rats. Two feeding groups received a diet either containing 20 or 8 % crude protein (as fed basis) for 5 weeks and intake and excretion of N, calcium (Ca) and phosphorus (P) were determined. To detect systemic and endocrine adaptation to LCP intake plasma concentrations of urea, Ca, phosphate (Pi), insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-1), 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 (calcitriol), parathyroid hormone (PTH) and cross-linked telopeptide of type I collagen (CTX) were measured. Adjustment of renal electrolyte transport was assessed by detecting protein expression of key proteins of renal Pi transport. All data were compared with the data of the goat experiment. LCP intake decreased plasma urea concentration stronger in goats than in rats. In both species urinary N excretion declined, but faecal N excretion decreased in goats only. Furthermore, in goats urinary Ca excretion decreased, but in rats urinary Ca concentration increased. Decreased plasma IGF-1 and calcitriol concentrations were found in goats only. Thus, renal Ca excretion appears to be a common target in adaptation of electrolyte homeostasis in both species, but is regulated differently.
    Journal of Comparative Physiology B 10/2013; · 2.02 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The purpose of the study was to compare the contractility-enhancing effects of lidocaine in equine jejunal circular (CSM) and longitudinal smooth muscle (LSM) in vitro. In previous studies, more pronounced effects of lidocaine were observed in ischaemia-reperfusion (IR) injured smooth muscle. Therefore in this study, effects were examined in both non-injured control tissues and tissues challenged by a defined, artificial IR injury. Isometric contractile performance of CSM and LSM, assessed by frequency (F), amplitude (A) and mean active force (MAF) of contractions, was defined as contractility. LSM featured lower basic contractility compared to CSM. Lidocaine provoked contractility-enhancing effects in both smooth muscle layers, but except for F at high lidocaine concentrations, contractility of LSM remained lower throughout the trial. Additionally, higher lidocaine concentrations were required to cause significant effects in LSM. No differences were observed in contractility of control and IR injured smooth muscle, but higher lidocaine concentrations were needed to provoke effects in IR injured smooth muscle. In contrast to CSM, contractility of LSM did not decrease at comparably high lidocaine concentrations. Differences in basic contractility of CSM and LSM might be explained by physiologically lower activity of LSM per se or by a thinner LSM layer with fewer smooth muscle cells taking part in contractions. The smaller thickness of the LSM layer may also contribute to persisting discrepancies in contractility following lidocaine application. Additionally, variations in lidocaine concentrations necessary for inducing significant effects could result from differences in the molecular structure of CSM and LSM cells.
    The Veterinary Journal 08/2013; · 2.42 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of the study was to investigate the in vivo epigenetic influences of dietary butyrate supplementation on the acetylation state of core histones and the activity of drug-metabolising microsomal cytochrome P450 (CYP) enzymes in the liver of broiler chickens in the starter period. One-day-old Ross 308 broilers were fed a starter diet without or with sodium butyrate (1.5 g/kg feed) for 21 days. After slaughtering, nucleus and microsome fractions were isolated from the exsanguinated liver by multi-step differential centrifugation. Histone acetylation level was detected from hepatocyte nuclei by Western blotting, while microsomal CYP activity was examined by specific enzyme assays. Hyperacetylation of hepatic histone H2A at lysine 5 was observed after butyrate supplementation, providing modifications in the epigenetic regulation of cell function. No significant changes could be found in the acetylation state of the other core histones at the acetylation sites examined. Furthermore, butyrate did not cause any changes in the drugmetabolising activity of hepatic microsomal CYP2H and CYP3A37 enzymes, which are mainly involved in the biotransformation of most xenobiotics in chicken. These data indicate that supplementation of the diet with butyrate probably does not have any pharmacokinetic interactions with simultaneously applied xenobiotics.
    Acta Veterinaria Hungarica 07/2013; · 1.17 Impact Factor
  • ADSA-ASAS Joint Annual Meeting; 07/2013
  • 15th International Conference on Production diseases in Farm Animals; 06/2013
  • Proceedings of the Society of Nutrition Physiology; 03/2013
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    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Butyrate is known as histone deacetylase inhibitor, inducing histone hyperacetylation in vitro and playing a predominant role in the epigenetic regulation of gene expression and cell function. We hypothesized that butyrate, endogenously produced by intestinal microbial fermentation or applied as a nutritional supplement, might cause similar in vivo modifications in the chromatin structure of the hepatocytes, influencing the expression of certain genes and therefore modifying the activity of hepatic microsomal drug-metabolizing cytochrome P450 (CYP) enzymes. METHODS: An animal study was carried out in chicken as a model to investigate the molecular mechanisms of butyrate's epigenetic actions in the liver. Broiler chicks in the early post-hatch period were treated once daily with orally administered bolus of butyrate following overnight starvation with two different doses (0.25 or 1.25 g/kg body weight per day) for five days. After slaughtering, cell nucleus and microsomal fractions were separated by differential centrifugation from the livers. Histones were isolated from cell nuclei and acetylation of hepatic core histones was screened by western blotting. The activity of CYP2H and CYP3A37, enzymes involved in biotransformation in chicken, was detected by aminopyrine N-demethylation and aniline-hydroxylation assays from the microsomal suspensions. RESULTS: Orally added butyrate, applied in bolus, had a remarkable impact on nucleosome structure of hepatocytes: independently of the dose, butyrate caused hyperacetylation of histone H2A, but no changes were monitored in the acetylation state of H2B. Intensive hyperacetylation of H3 was induced by the higher administered dose, while the lower dose tended to increase acetylation ratio of H4. In spite of the observed modification in histone acetylation, no significant changes were observed in the hepatic microsomal CYP2H and CYP3A37 activity. CONCLUSION: Orally added butyrate in bolus could cause in vivo hyperacetylation of the hepatic core histones, providing modifications in the epigenetic regulation of cell function. However, these changes did not result in alteration of drug-metabolizing hepatic CYP2H and CYP3A37 enzymes, so there might be no relevant pharmacoepigenetic influences of oral application of butyrate under physiological conditions.
    Nutrition & Metabolism 01/2013; 10(1):12. · 3.16 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study is to determine the response of muscle lipid peroxidation and the fatty-acid profile of three groups of mice-high body weight (DU6) obesity-prone mice, high treadmill performance (DUhTP) lean mice, and unselected control mice (DUK) fed high-fat diets (HFDs) rich in ω-3 or ω-6 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA). METHODS: The isocaloric HFDs were enriched with either ω-3 PUFA (27% fish oil, ω-3 HFD) or ω-6 PUFA (27% sunflower oil, ω-6 HFD), and the control group was fed standard chow (7.2% fat). Statistical calculations were done with procedure GLM of SAS. RESULTS: As expected, the ω-3 and ω-6 PUFA-rich HFDs showed significant effects on fatty-acid concentrations of skeletal muscle in all three lines of mice compared with the standard chow. The investigations of muscle lipid peroxidation revealed that the ω-3 PUFA-rich HFD caused the highest lipid peroxidation values in muscle of lean DUhTP mice and unselected control DUK mice. However, lower lipid peroxidation levels were observed in the obesity-prone DU6 mice. In contrast, the ω-6 PUFA-rich HFD did not influence lipid peroxidation in muscle of any of the different lines of mice. The present study suggests that a higher overall antioxidant capacity in the muscle tissue of obesity-prone DU6 mice may lead to lower levels of reactive oxygen species formation by ω-3 PUFA-rich HFDs in comparison with lean DUhTP mice. CONCLUSION: These studies raise the possibility that obesity per se may be protective against oxidative damage when high ω-3 PUFA diets are used.
    Nutrition 01/2013; · 2.86 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Postoperative ileus (POI) is a severe complication following small intestinal surgery in horses. It was hypothesised that prokinetic effects of lidocaine, the most commonly chosen drug for treatment of POI, resulted from drug integration into smooth muscle (SM) cell membranes, thereby modulating cell membrane properties. This would probably depend on the structural and lipophilic characteristics of lidocaine. To assess the influence of molecular structure and lipophilicity on prokinetic effects in vitro, the current study compared the effects of lidocaine with four structure-related drugs, namely, mexiletine, bupivacaine, tetracaine and procaine. The response to cumulative drug administration and reversibility of effects were tested by measuring isometric contractile performance of equine jejunal circular SM strips, challenged by a standardised, artificial in vivo ischaemia-reperfusion injury. A second set of SM strips were incubated with the different drugs to determine changes in creatine kinase (CK) release. All drugs caused a drug-specific increase in contractility, although only lidocaine and mexiletine induced similar concentration-dependent curve progressions, significantly reduced CK release, and featured shorter recovery times of tissue contractility after washing, compared to bupivacaine and tetracaine. In was concluded that the structural and lipophilic similarity of mexiletine and lidocaine were responsible for the similar effects of these drugs on SM contractility and cell membrane permeability, which supported the hypothesis that prokinetic effects of lidocaine are based on interactions with SM cell membranes modulated by these features.
    The Veterinary Journal 12/2012; · 2.42 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Dexamethasone frequently is used for treatment of ketosis in dairy cows, but its effects are not fully understood. HYPOTHESIS: Dexamethasone treatment affects whole body insulin sensitivity. ANIMALS: Twelve German Holstein cows, 2-4 weeks postpartum, 5 days after omentopexy to correct left abomasal displacement. METHODS: Randomized, blinded, case-control study. Treatment with dexamethasone-21-isonicotinate (DG; 40 μg/kg IM; n = 6) or saline (control group [CG], 15 mL IM, n = 6) on day 0 (d0). Blood samples were obtained before (d0) and after treatment (d1 and d2), and analyzed for glucose, insulin, and nonesterified fatty acid (NEFA) concentrations. Hepatic triglycerides (TAG) were measured in liver samples taken on d0 and d2. Five consecutive hyperinsulinemic-euglycemic clamps (HEC-I-V; insulin dosages: 0.1, 0.5, 2, 5, 10 mU/kg/min, respectively) were performed on d1 and steady state glucose infusion rate (SSGIR), insulin concentration (SSIC), insulin sensitivity index (ISI = SSGIR/SSIC), and plasma NEFA concentration (SSNEFA) were assessed. RESULTS: Compared with CG-cows, DG-cows on d1 had higher plasma glucose (P = .004) and insulin (P < .001) concentrations, decreased SSGIR (HEC-II, P = .002; HEC-IV, P = .033), ISI (HEC-I, P < .015; HEC-II, P = .004), and insulin-stimulated decrease in SSNEFA (HEC-II, P = .006; HEC-III, P = .01; HEC-IV, P = .003; HEC-V, P = .011). Decrease in hepatic TAG content in DG-cows was higher compared with CG-cows (P < .001). CONCLUSIONS AND CLINICAL IMPORTANCE: Dexamethasone decreases whole body insulin sensitivity and affects glucose and lipid metabolism in early lactating dairy cows.
    Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine 11/2012; · 2.06 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Ruminants are known to be able to very effectively recycle urinary urea and reuse it as a source of N for ruminal microbes. It is presumed that urea recycling is accomplished by specialized urea transporters (UT) which are localized in the kidney. This could be especially important in times of increased N requirement, such as during growth or during low dietary N intake. The aim of our study was to characterize and to localize UT in the goat kidney and to investigate its response to low dietary N intake in growing goats. Therefore, twelve growing, male goats were fed either a diet containing high (17% CP in complete diet) or low (9% CP in complete diet) N content for 6 weeks. After harvesting, blood and kidney samples were taken and analyzed. The different mRNA of UT isoforms UT-A1, UT-A2 and UT-B were detected semiquantitatively in renal tissue by Northern Blot analysis. For UT-A2 and UT-B, no statistically significant effect of dietary N restriction on renal mRNA expression could be detected (UT-A2: P = 0.26, UT-B: P = 0.07). However, renal mRNA abundance of UT-A1 significantly increased in the kidney of low N fed goats (P = 0.01). Furthermore, protein amounts of UT-B were verified by Western Blotting; and the localization of UT-A2 and UT-B protein was demonstrated by immunohistochemistry. No significant differences in protein amounts of UT-B could be observed comparing the two feeding groups (P = 0.78). The UT-B was localized in renal medulla and papilla, whereas UT-A2 was only found in renal medulla. In addition, comparison of UT-A and UT-B amino acid sequences of monogastric animals and ruminants showed a high degree of homology, indicating a similar function of the transporters among these species. In summary, we conclude that in ruminants, urea reabsorption in the kidney is most likely increased in response to a low N diet via an upregulation of UT-A1 mRNA expression. The reabsorbed urea can then hypothetically be returned to the rumen via bloodstream and thus be reused as a source of N for protein synthesis of ruminal microbial community.
    Journal of Animal Science 06/2012; · 2.09 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Adenosine monophosphate-activated protein kinase (AMPK)α1 is activated in the context of triacylglycerol hydrolysis in adipose tissue in monogastric animals. This study describes AMPKα1 protein expression and the occurrence of its phosphorylated form (pAMPKα1) in different adipose tissue depots as influenced by time and postpartum diet in dairy cows. Biopsy samples were obtained from subcutaneous (SCAT) and retroperitoneal (RPAT) adipose tissues of 20 Holstein cows 21 d prepartum (ap) and 1 and 21 d postpartum (pp). After d 1 pp, cows were randomly assigned to 2 groups (n=10) and fed different amounts of concentrate until the third biopsy sampling at 21 d pp. Protein expression of AMPK and the extent of its phosphorylation in adipose tissue were measured by semiquantitative Western blotting. Results were not influenced by postpartum feeding. Therefore, both groups were pooled and data analyzed together. Expression of AMPKα1 in SCAT showed a decrease over time, resulting in lower expression at 1d pp compared with 21 d ap. Expression in RPAT was maintained over time. Phosphorylation increased in SCAT, showing a greater extent of phosphorylation at d 21 pp compared with 21 d ap. In RPAT, this could be seen as a trend. The proportion of pAMPKα1 to AMPKα1 significantly increased over time in both tissues. In the first adipose tissue sampling (21 d ap), AMPKα1 protein expression and extent of phosphorylation were significantly higher in RPAT than in SCAT. Lipolysis in early lactation of dairy cows was associated with an increase in phosphorylation of AMPKα1 and ratio of pAMPKα1 to AMPKα1 in bovine adipose tissues. This indicates that AMPKα1 may be involved in the regulation of energy metabolism of bovine adipose tissues.
    Journal of Dairy Science 05/2012; 95(5):2497-504. · 2.57 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In ruminant feeding, the reduction of dietary protein is an effective approach for decreasing the excretion of N. In non-ruminant species, the intestinal absorption of Ca was affected when dietary protein was reduced. Therefore, it was the aim of the present study to characterise the intestinal absorption of Ca and inorganic phosphate (P(i)) in goats fed different N and Ca diets. Intestinal flux rates of Ca and P(i) were determined in goats fed a reduced N and Ca diet by Ussing chamber experiments. For a more mechanistic approach, the uptake of Ca and P(i) in intestinal brush-border membrane vesicles (BBMV), the expression levels of the epithelial Ca channel transient receptor potential vanilloid channel type 6 (TRPV6), the sodium-dependent P(i) transporter (NaPi) IIb and the vitamin D receptor (VDR) were measured. In goats fed a reduced N and Ca diet, the intestinal flux rates of Ca and P(i) were elevated. However, the reduced N and Ca diet had no effect on the uptake of Ca and P(i) in intestinal BBMV, while the expression of TRPV6 and NaPi IIb protein in the corresponding intestinal segments was even decreased. The mRNA expression of NaPi IIb and VDR was not affected. Therefore, a post-transcriptional regulation of TRPV6 and NaPi IIb protein was suggested in goats fed a reduced N and Ca diet. From these data, it can be concluded that the intestinal absorption of Ca and P(i) in growing goats was affected by changes in dietary N and Ca intake like those in single-stomached animals but differently modulated.
    The British journal of nutrition 12/2011; 108(4):628-37. · 3.45 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

183 Citations
104.24 Total Impact Points


  • 1999–2014
    • University of Veterinary Medicine Hannover
      • Institute of Physiology
      Hanover, Lower Saxony, Germany
  • 2013
    • Szent István University, Godollo
      Gödölö, Pest, Hungary
    • Massey University
      • Institute of Food, Nutrition and Human Health
      Palmerston North City, Manawatu-Wanganui, New Zealand
  • 2011
    • University of Auckland
      • Department of Surgery
      Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand
  • 1998
    • Justus-Liebig-Universität Gießen
      • Institute for Veterinary Physiology
      Gießen, Hesse, Germany