Jung Won Jeon

Kyung Hee University, Seoul, Seoul, South Korea

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Publications (13)21.33 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Untreated benign biliary stricture can lead to serious complications including recurrent cholangitis, biliary cirrhosis, hepatic failure, and death. Benign stricture of a postoperative anastomosis site is also a problematic issue after biliary surgery. Percutaneous transhepatic cholangioscopy (PTCS) with balloon dilatation is a recently introduced noninvasive therapeutic option for biliary stricture. Guidewire insertion through the stricture site is essential for the success of PTCS treatment. Recently, we treated a difficult case with complete bilioenteric anastomosis stricture that failed to allow passage of the guidewire for balloon dilation. The stricture was treated with artificial bilioenteric fistula using a needle-knife papillotome during the PTCS.
    Surgical laparoscopy, endoscopy & percutaneous techniques 02/2014; 24(1):e10-2. · 0.88 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To identify the predicting factors of present hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection among patients with positivity for antibodies to HCV (anti-HCV). We analyzed patients who showed positive enzyme immunoassay (EIA) results and performed an HCV RNA test as a confirmatory test at Kyung Hee University Hospital at Gangdong from June 2006 to July 2012. The features distinguishing the groups with positive and negative HCV RNA results were reviewed. In total, 490 patients were included. The results of the HCV RNA test were positive and negative in 228 and 262 patients, respectively. The index value of anti-HCV, mean age, platelet counts, total bilirubin, prothrombin time international normalized ratio, albumin and alanine transaminase (ALT) levels differed significantly between the two groups. On multivariable analysis, an index value of anti-HCV >10 [odds ratio (OR)=397.27, P<0.001), ALT >40 IU/L (OR=3.64, P=0.001), and albumin <3.8 g/dL (OR=2.66, P=0.014) were related to present HCV infection. Although EIA is not a quantitative test, considering the anti-HCV titer with ALT and albumin levels may be helpful in predicting present of HCV infection.
    Clinical and molecular hepatology. 12/2013; 19(4):376-81.
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    ABSTRACT: Increasing evidence supports the contribution of the pro-/anti-inflammatory cytokine balance and genetic factors to hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Here, we investigated whether genetic interferon gamma polymorphisms were associated with HCC in Korean patients with chronic hepatitis B. We genotyped a single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP, rs2430561, +874A/T) and a microsatellite (rs3138557, (CA) (n) repeat), located in the first intron of the interferon gamma gene, by direct sequencing and the gene scan method. A population-based case-control study of HCC was conducted and included 170 patients with chronic hepatitis and HCC, and 171 with chronic hepatitis B patients without hepatocellular carcinoma in a Korean population. Genotype and allele distributions of the interferon gamma gene SNP were associated with HCC. The frequencies of the AA genotype and the A allele were significantly increased in hepatocellular carcinoma subjects (p < 0.05). Combined analysis using the genotype of rs2430561 and the number of microsatellites revealed that the frequencies of AT-CA12, and TT-CA12 increased significantly in hepatocellular carcinoma subjects (p < 0.0001). Our results suggest that the interferon gamma gene may be a susceptibility gene and a risk factor for HCC in the Korean population.
    Hepato-gastroenterology 06/2013; 60(128):2080-4. · 0.77 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Background/Aims: The aim of this study was to determine whether the major HLA-G gene was associated with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Abnormal HLA-G expression is present in various diseases, such as renal cell carcinoma, asthma and classical Hodgkin's lymphoma. Methodology: To investigate the possible association with susceptibility to HCC, 181 chronic hepatitis patients and 180 HCC patients were enrolled in this study. The HLA-G 14-bp insertion/deletion polymorphism is located in the 3' untranslated region of the HLA-G gene and was analyzed using polymerase chain reaction. For analysis of genetic data, SNPStats and SPSS 18.0 were used. Logistic regression models were performed to determine the odds ratio, 95% confidence interval, and p value. Results: Allele and genotype frequencies of the HLA-G 14-bp insertion/deletion polymorphism in the hepatitis group had a similar pattern, as compared to those in the HCC group. Furthermore, no differences were observed between patients with and without liver cirrhosis. Conclusions: These results suggest that the HLA-G 14-bp insertion/deletion polymorphism may not be associated with HCC susceptibility and liver cirrhosis development in the Korean population.
    Hepato-gastroenterology 06/2013; 60(124):796-8. · 0.77 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: : Recently, it was reported that postmenopausal women with lower bone mineral density have an increased risk of colorectal cancer. An association between lower bone mineral density and colorectal cancer suggests that colorectal adenoma, which is a precursor of colorectal cancer, may also be associated with lower bone mineral density. : The aim of this study was to determine the association between colorectal adenoma and osteoporosis. : We conducted a retrospective cross-sectional study between January 2007 and May 2011. Women older than 50 years of age who underwent dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry for bone mineral density and screening colonoscopy at Gangdong Kyung Hee University Hospital in Korea during a routine health checkup were eligible for this study. We performed multivariate analysis adjusted for age, family history of colorectal cancer, alcohol consumption, current smoking, regular aspirin use, exercise, menopause, and postmenopausal hormone use to identify independent predictors for the presence of colorectal adenoma. : The primary outcome measured was the prevalence of colorectal adenoma according to the bone mineral density level. : A total of 992 women older than 50 years were assigned to an osteoporosis group (n = 231) or a control group (n = 231) after menopause matching. In univariate analysis, the proportion of colorectal adenoma was significantly higher in the osteoporosis group than in the control group (29.9% vs 20.8%, p = 0.025). Furthermore, osteoporosis (OR = 1.592, 95% CI = 1.004-2.524, p = 0.048) was found to be an independent risk factor for the presence of colorectal adenoma. : Osteoporosis is associated with an increased risk of colorectal adenoma in women older than 50 years.
    Diseases of the Colon & Rectum 02/2013; 56(2):169-74. · 3.34 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Colonoscopists are often hesitant to perform endoscopic polypectomy in patients with liver cirrhosis (LC) because of the risk for postpolypectomy bleeding (PPB). However, little is known about the risk of PPB in these patients. We performed a retrospective study of patients with early LC who underwent colonoscopic polypectomy at a single center between September 2006 and May 2011. We investigated the incidence of immediate PPB (IPPB) and delayed PPB (DPPB) in these patients. In addition, we investigated which LC-related and polyp-related factors were associated with IPPB. Thirty patients with LC were included in our study, and 29 (96.7 %) of them were classified in Child-Pugh class A or B. The mean prothrombin time was 1.27 ± 0.23, and the mean platelet count was 136.77 ± 106.49 × 10(3)/L. A total of 66 polyps in 30 patients were removed. In terms of IPPB, only 2 (3.03 %) of the 66 removed polyps presented with mild oozing and were controlled by hemostatic procedures using hemoclips. DPPB did not occur in any of the patients in the IPPB or the non-IPPB group. Although the IPPB polyp group was too small to detect statistical significance, the IPPB polyps were larger than the non-IPPB polyps (22.5 ± 10.61 vs. 7.22 ± 3.01 mm), and the gross morphology of both IPPB polyps was the pedunculated type. However, LC-related variables such as platelet counts and Child-Pugh scores did not significantly differ between the IPPB and non-IPPB groups. In patients with early LC, the risk of postpolypectomy bleeding was acceptably low and there was no case with DPPB. Therefore, polypectomy can be performed with caution. IPPB was associated with the size and the gross morphology of the polyps. However, LC-related variables in patients with early LC did not impact IPPB.
    Surgical Endoscopy 05/2012; 26(11):3258-63. · 3.43 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The present study was aimed at evaluating the usefulness of box simulators for training novice endoscopists. An explanation of the goals, contents, and features of the simulator was given to study participants. The participants then received "hands-on training" in gastrointestinal endoscopy techniques using a box simulator. Subsequently, they were asked to answer 19 structured questions about the simulator. Ratings were scored on a scale from 1 to 5 for questions concerning their first impression of the simulator. Questions on the usefulness of the simulator and the training course were answered as "agree", "disagree", or "no opinion". A total of 32 participants filled out the questionnaire. The mean scores on the simulator's usefulness, features, and realistic movements before the training were between 1.5 and 2.0. There were no significant differences between the mean values of the scores given by novice users compared to non-novice users. However, after receiving training on the simulator, 90.6% of the participants considered the box simulator a generally useful tool for learning basic endoscopic techniques, and 90.6% agreed that the simulator was useful for improving hand-eye coordination. Box simulators may be useful for training novice endoscopists in basic gastrointestinal endoscopic techniques.
    Yonsei medical journal 03/2012; 53(2):304-9. · 0.77 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Difficult cannulation is a well known risk for post-ERCP pancreatitis. This study evaluated the outcomes of needle-knife fistulotomy (NKF) used prior to being faced with difficult biliary cannulation. Patients who underwent endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) for the purpose of biliary endotherapy between January 2007 and December 2008 were eligible for this study; 218 patients were recruited. Biliary cannulation was performed only by a standard catheter or a pull type papillotome, without wire-guided assistance in all patients. If selective cannulation was not achieved within five cannulation attempts, NKF was performed, and the results were compared with the easy cannulation group that succeeded biliary cannulation within five attempts. Needle-knife fistulotomy (NKF) was performed in 72 (33.0%) of the 218 patients. The total success rate of the ERCP was 98.2% (214/218), and for the NKF group the success rate was 94.4% (68/72). The rate of complications in patients with NKF did not increase compared to patients in the easy cannulation group (P > 0.05): 4.2% (3/72) versus 3.4% (5/146) for acute pancreatitis, 6.9% (5/72) versus 6.8% (10/146) for bleeding, and 1.4% (1/72) versus 0% (0/146) for perforation, respectively. Our results suggest that the use of NKF for biliary cannulation might be safe and effective. Therefore, in experienced hands, early use of NKF might be recommended.
    Digestive Diseases and Sciences 01/2012; 57(5):1384-90. · 2.26 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We present photochemical-induced pancreatic necrosis (PIPN) as a novel induction method for studying pancreatic regeneration in an animal model. Photosensitive Rose Bengal was injected through the femoral vein in rats, followed by illumination of the surface of the pancreas with a cool halogen light for a period of 20 min. At 3, 6, and 24 h, and 7, 10, 14, and 20 days, experimental animals were sacrificed; all the animals received intravenous injection with 5-bromo-2-deoxyuridine (BrdU) 1 h prior to sacrifice. At 3-6 h of induction of PIPN, pancreatic necrosis was superficially observed in the illuminated field. At 24 h, there was a slight increase in the depth and width of the lesion along with appearance of vascular congestion and thrombosis in the lesion. On days 7-10, the area of illumination was totally replaced by necrotic pancreatic tissue, inflammatory cell infiltrates, and newly appearing cellular components, including mesenchymal and epithelial cells, which formed tubular complexes. On day 14, clusters of tubular complexes intermingled with acinar cells, which were proven as newly formed acinar tissue by BrdU staining. On day 20, all the lesions had returned to a normal state of pancreatic tissue. This study demonstrates the potential of PIPN as a valuable method for production of an animal model for studying healing processes or regeneration of pancreatic tissue after injury.
    Pancreatology 01/2012; 12(1):74-8. · 2.04 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The optimal treatment of patients with chronic hepatitis B (CHB) who develop resistance to both lamivudine (LMV) and entecavir (ETV) after sequential monotherapy of LMV and ETV remains little known. We evaluated the efficacy of entecavir (ETV) plus adefovir dipivoxil (ADV) combination therapy for patients with resistance to LMV and ETV. We reviewed the medical records of 12 patients, and treated all 12 patients with ETV plus ADV combination therapy for at least 18 months. Quantitative hepatitis B virus (HBV) DNA levels, serologic markers, and hepatic panel values were monitored at baseline and 3-month intervals thereafter for 18 months. The baseline mean serum HBV DNA level was 7.26 ± 1.11 log(10) copies/ml. The mean reductions in serum HBV DNA levels from baseline to 3, 6, 9, 12, 15, and 18 months were -1.98 ± 1.03, -2.87 ± 1.02, -3.32 ± 1.10, -3.92 ± 1.30, -4.36 ± 1.22, and -4.57 ± 1.18 log(10) copies/ml, respectively. Complete virological response (HBV DNA of <2 log(10) copies/ml) at 6, 12, and 18 months was observed in 1 (8.3%), 4 (33.3%), and 6 (50.0%) patients, respectively. The 2 patients with baseline HBV DNA of <6 log(10) copies/ml achieved complete virological response at 18 months, while 4 of 10 patients with baseline HBV DNA of ≥6 log(10) copies/ml achieved complete virological response at 18 months. None of the 12 patients experienced virological breakthrough during follow-up. ETV plus ADV combination therapy effectively reduced serum HBV DNA levels in patients with CHB who developed resistance to both LMV and ETV. Additional long-term studies are needed to assess the effect of long-term treatment with these drugs.
    Digestive Diseases and Sciences 12/2011; 57(5):1358-65. · 2.26 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A leukemoid reaction is defined as reactive leukocytosis exceeding 50,000/mm(3), with a significant increase in early neutrophil precursors, and can be a paraneoplastic manifestation of various malignant tumors. A 71-year-old male patient complained of decreased appetite, fatigue, and abdominal fullness. He had a palpable, firm liver, and laboratory investigations suggested leukemoid reaction. Liver dynamic computed tomography revealed a hypervascular mass, and an ultrasound-guided fine-needle aspiration of the mass confirmed hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) with a sarcomatoid component. The leukocyte count of the patient had increased to 147,800/mm(3), and he died 10 days after admission. This is a rare case of leukemoid reaction in a patient with sarcomatous HCC.
    The Korean journal of hepatology. 09/2011; 17(3):226-8.
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    ABSTRACT: Studies regarding the discrimination of non-neoplastic lesion, adenoma, and cancer of the stomach using magnifying endoscopy with flexible spectral imaging color enhancement system (FIME) in each different channel of that system have not yet been reported. To ascertain the usefulness of FIME discriminating among the three kinds of gastric lesions. When finding a lesion to be a possible neoplasm using conventional endoscopy, the examiner discriminated among the three kinds of gastric lesions by observing the pit pattern on the lesion using magnifying endoscopy with white light (WLME) and then recorded the image. The procedure was repeated three more times with FIME with channel 0, 2, and 4. The four recorded images per lesion were then given to four raters for discriminating among the three kinds of gastric lesions. The proportion of agreement and the degree of agreement between endoscopic and pathological diagnosis (AEP) by WLME were 0.85 and 0.76, respectively, and those by FIME were 0.91 and 0.86, respectively. All AEPs from discriminations with FIME was higher than that with WLME. AEPs from the discriminations with FIME with channel 4 were higher than those with FIME with channel 0 or 2. The degree of interobserver agreement among the results of the four raters was 0.42 for WLME and 0.50-0.59 for FIME with each of the three different channels. FICE is useful in discriminating among non-neoplastic lesions, adenoma, and cancer of the stomach, and channel 4 of the FICE is better than channel 0 and 2 for the discriminations.
    Digestive Diseases and Sciences 07/2011; 56(10):2879-86. · 2.26 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a type of hypervascular tumor, and angiogenesis is important for HCC tumor growth. Eph receptor B1 (EPHB1), a member of the Eph family, mediates embryonic vascular system development and adult angiogenesis. This receptor may be involved in carcinogenesis of the digestive tract. Our aim was to examine the relationships between EPHB1 polymorphisms and HCC in the Korean population. Genomic DNA was extracted from 182 patients with HCC and 266 healthy subjects. EPHB1 polymorphisms were determined by polymerase chain reaction and direct sequencing. Multiple logistic regression models (log-additive, dominant, and recessive models) were used for odds ratios, 95% confidence intervals, and p values. Five polymorphisms (rs11929692, rs7644369, rs6776570, rs3821502, and rs6766459) of the EPHB1 gene and alleles of 2 polymorphisms (rs1502174 and rs9877457) were associated with HCC (p < 0.05 for both). Our results suggest that EPHB1 polymorphisms may be associated with susceptibility to HCC in the Korean population.
    Human immunology 07/2011; 72(10):916-20. · 2.55 Impact Factor