[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: There are few reports in the literature of hepatitis as a manifestation of parvovirus B19 infection. We describe a case of parvovirus B19-associated acute hepatitis diagnosed based on a positive serologic test (IgM) and molecular detection of parvovirus B19 DNA in a liver biopsy specimen. Parvovirus B19 infection should be considered in the differential diagnosis of patients presenting with acute hepatitis.
Journal of clinical microbiology 07/2011; 49(9):3422-4. · 4.16 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We aimed to characterize the spectrum of liver enzyme test (LET) abnormalities that occur while using methotrexate for inflammatory bowel disease (IBD).
A retrospective review was undertaken of subjects using methotrexate for IBD at a single center. The clinical and epidemiological parameters, and hepatotoxicity risk factors, were recorded. Subjects were excluded if cumulative methotrexate doses could not be ascertained, if they had a diagnosis of rheumatoid arthritis or psoriasis, or if baseline and follow-up LETs were not available. Also noted were the cumulative methotrexate dose during the peak LET increase, severity of LET increase, and whether normalization occurred.
Eighty-seven subjects were included (Crohn's disease, n=67; UC, n=17; indeterminate colitis n=3). The mean therapy duration was 81 weeks (3- to 364-week range), and the cumulative average dose was 1,813 mg (25-8,255-mg range). Thirty-seven (43%) subjects received a cumulative dose >1,500 mg. Sixty-seven (77%) had normal LETs, and in 51 (76%) LETs remained normal throughout methotrexate therapy. In the 16 (24%) who developed LET abnormalities, seven (44%) had underlying risk factor(s) for liver disease. Normalization (without dose reduction) occurred in 14 (88%) while continuing methotrexate. Of 20 subjects with abnormal LETs at baseline, nine (45%) subsequently normalized while continuing methotrexate, whereas nine (45%) worsened. Seventeen liver biopsies were performed in 11 and were classified as Roenigk's grade I in 15 (88%) subjects. Roenigk IIIb or IV was not seen.
Methotrexate is commonly associated with LET abnormalities, but these frequently normalize while still on therapy, and in only 5% will drug discontinuation be necessary. Liver biopsies rarely have substantive abnormalities.
The American Journal of Gastroenterology 02/2010; 105(7):1620-6. · 7.55 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The antiarrhythmic drug amiodarone accumulates in many organs of the body. Amiodarone lung disease (ALD) most commonly manifests clinically as an interstitial pneumonitis. The few reports of nodular ALD generally have been in the clinical and radiographic literature. No detailed histopathologic analysis of nodular ALD is available. We report 4 patients with nodular ALD, all of whom had excision of a nodule and none had a preoperative diagnosis of ALD. The radiographic suspicion before excisional biopsy in all 4 cases was malignancy. The initial pathologic suspicion in all 4 cases was either an abscess or vasculitis. In 3 of the 4 cases, where the dosages were known, each patient received 800 mg/d for 7 or more months. All cases have strikingly similar histopathology, with vacuolated histiocytes massed within alveoli to form macroscopic nodules with tissue breakdown. Ultrastructural examination of lung and peripheral nerve in 1 case showed the characteristic inclusions of amiodarone in the cytoplasm of swollen histiocytes. Vacuolated histiocytes filled with these inclusions indicate the effect of the drug, but in these 4 cases there was tissue destruction, which indicated disease. The necrotizing nature of the massed histiocytes in the absence of infection or obstruction suggests the correct etiologic diagnosis even when the history of administration of the drug is not available at initial review.
The American journal of surgical pathology 09/2008; 32(11):1654-60. · 4.06 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: von Hippel-Lindau disease is an autosomal dominant inherited disorder characterized by a predisposition to multiple neoplasms. Renal cell carcinoma and hemangioblastomas of the retina and cerebellum are the most common of these, but other neoplasms and cysts also occur throughout the body. We report a distinctive, yet never described lung lesion in a 43-year-old woman with von Hippel-Lindau disease. Molecular genetic studies confirmed the presence of a VHL gene mutation in the cells of this lesion. We discuss the salient features of this novel lesion, and hypothesize on its origin and nature.
American Journal of Surgical Pathology 09/2007; 31(8):1292-6. · 4.87 Impact Factor