[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To determine the risk of chronic kidney disease in patients with psoriasis.
Population based cohort study and nested cross sectional study.
Electronic medical records database based in United Kingdom.
Cohort study: patients with psoriasis aged 18-90 each matched to up to five patients without psoriasis based on age, practice, and time of visit. Nested study: patients with psoriasis aged 25-64 with confirmed data on psoriasis severity, each matched to up to 10 patients without psoriasis based on age and practice.
Cohort study: incident moderate to advanced (stage 3 through 5) chronic kidney disease. Nested study: baseline prevalence of chronic kidney disease.
136 529 patients with mild psoriasis and 7354 patients with severe psoriasis based on treatment patterns were matched to 689 702 unaffected patients. The adjusted hazard ratios (95% confidence intervals) for incident chronic kidney disease were 1.05 (1.02 to 1.07), 0.99 (0.97 to 1.02), and 1.93 (1.79 to 2.08) in the overall, mild, and severe psoriasis groups, respectively. Age was a significant effect modifier in the severe psoriasis group, with age specific adjusted hazard ratios (95% confidence intervals) of 3.82 (3.15 to 4.64) and 2.00 (1.86 to 2.17) for patients aged 30 and 60, respectively. In the nested analysis of 8731 patients with psoriasis with measurements of affected body surface area matched to 87 310 patients without psoriasis, the adjusted odds ratios (95% confidence intervals) for chronic kidney disease were 0.89 (0.72 to 1.10), 1.36 (1.06 to 1.74), and 1.58 (1.07 to 2.34) in the mild, moderate, and severe psoriasis groups, respectively.
Moderate to severe psoriasis is associated with an increased risk of chronic kidney disease independent of traditional risk factors.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Multiple systemic treatments are available for moderate to severe psoriasis, but dermatologists' perceptions of these treatments are unknown. Physician perceptions can influence prescribing patterns and patient outcomes, and may help to explain variations in clinical practice. OBJECTIVE: We sought to describe the variation in dermatologist's beliefs about the safety and effectiveness of psoriasis treatments and evaluate how these relate to dermatologist characteristics and treatment preferences. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional mail survey of a random sample of 500 National Psoriasis Foundation (NPF) members and 500 American Academy of Dermatology (AAD) members who treat psoriasis. RESULTS: Of 989 clinicians who could be contacted, 246 NPF members and 141 AAD members returned the survey (39% response rate). Respondents perceived infliximab, ustekinumab, cyclosporine, and adalimumab to have the highest likelihood of skin clearance in 3 months (67%-75%). Etanercept, adalimumab, ultraviolet B, and ustekinumab had the lowest perceived likelihood of side effects requiring treatment discontinuation (9%-11%). Up to 49% of respondents "didn't know" the effectiveness or likelihood of side effects; calculated coefficients of variation were higher for perceived likelihood of side effects than perceived effectiveness. There were few significant associations between safety and effectiveness perceptions and respondent characteristics, and treatment preferences were not consistently predictive of perceptions. LIMITATIONS: Only dermatologists with interest in treating psoriasis were surveyed and general perceptions were elicited via survey format. Perceptions may differ between survey respondents and nonrespondents. CONCLUSIONS: Psoriasis providers demonstrate wide variation in their perception of the effectiveness and especially safety of systemic treatments.
Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology 08/2012; · 4.91 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Despite widespread dissatisfaction and low treatment persistence in moderate to severe psoriasis, patients' reasons behind treatment discontinuation remain poorly understood. OBJECTIVES: We sought to characterize patient-reported reasons for discontinuing commonly used treatments for moderate to severe psoriasis in real-world clinical practice. METHODS: A total of 1095 patients with moderate to severe plaque psoriasis from 10 dermatology practices who received systemic treatments completed a structured interview. Eleven reasons for treatment discontinuation were assessed for all past treatments. RESULTS: A total of 2231 past treatments were reported. Median treatment duration varied by treatment, ranging from 6.0 to 20.5 months (P < .001). The frequency of each cited discontinuation reasons differed by treatment (all P < .01). Patients who received etanercept (odds ratio [OR] 5.19; 95% confidence interval [CI] 3.23-8.33) and adalimumab (OR 2.10; 95% CI 1.20-3.67) were more likely to cite a loss of efficacy than those who received methotrexate. Patients who received etanercept (OR 0.34; 95% CI 0.23-0.49), adalimumab (OR 0.48; 95% CI 0.30-0.75), and ultraviolet B phototherapy (OR 0.21; 95% CI 0.14-0.31) were less likely to cite side effects than those who received methotrexate, whereas those who received acitretin (OR 1.56; 95% CI 1.08-2.25) were more likely to do so. Patients who underwent ultraviolet B phototherapy were more likely to cite an inability to afford treatment (OR 7.03; 95% CI 3.14-15.72). LIMITATIONS: The study is limited by its reliance on patient recall. CONCLUSIONS: Different patterns of treatment discontinuation reasons are important to consider when developing public policy and evidence-based treatment approaches to improve successful long-term psoriasis control.
Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology 07/2012; · 4.91 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To compare the effectiveness of biologic systemic therapy, nonbiologic systemic therapy, and phototherapy for treatment of psoriasis.
A cross-sectional design was used.
Ten outpatient dermatology sites across the United States participating in the Dermatology Clinical Effectiveness Research Network contributed to the study.
A total of 713 patients with plaque psoriasis receiving systemic monotherapy (ie, methotrexate sodium, adalimumab, etanercept, or ustekinumab) or narrowband UV-B phototherapy.
The primary outcome of the study was clear or almost clear skin on the Physician Global Assessment scale. Secondary outcomes were score on the Psoriasis Area and Severity Index, affected body surface area, and score on the Dermatology Life Quality Index.
The proportion of patients with clear or almost clear ratings on the Physician Global Assessment scale differed among treatments: methotrexate (23.8%), adalimumab (47.7%), etanercept (34.2%), ustekinumab (36.1%), and narrowband UV-B (27.6%) (P < .001). In adjusted analyses, patients receiving adalimumab (relative response rate, 2.15; 95% CI, 1.60-2.90), etanercept (1.45; 1.06-1.97), and ustekinumab (1.57; 1.06-2.32) were more likely to have clear or almost clear skin vs patients receiving methotrexate. Patients receiving phototherapy showed no significant difference (1.35; 95% CI, 0.93-1.96) compared with those receiving methotrexate. No response difference was observed with respect to quality of life. Treatment doses were double the recommended doses in 36.1% of patients taking etanercept and 11.8% of those taking adalimumab;10.6% of patients undergoing phototherapy received the recommended treatment frequency.
The effectiveness of psoriasis therapies in clinical practice may be lower than that reported in previous trials. Although relative differences in objective response rates among therapies may exist, absolute differences are small and may not be clinically significant. Dosing of common therapies varied from trial recommendations. These results provide novel benchmarks emphasizing the critical importance of studying effectiveness in real-world practice.
Archives of dermatology 04/2012; 148(4):487-94. · 4.76 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Despite increasing therapies for moderate to severe psoriasis, dermatologists' treatment preferences are unknown.
We sought to assess dermatologists' preferences for first-line treatments and their selection determinants.
We surveyed 1000 US dermatologists (500 National Psoriasis Foundation and 500 American Academy of Dermatology members who treat psoriasis) about their preferences for first-line treatment of moderate to severe psoriasis in healthy adults of childbearing age using standardized patient vignettes.
The response rate was 39% (N = 387). Preferred therapies for male and female patients were: ultraviolet (UV) B (40% and 56%, respectively), etanercept (15% and 19%), methotrexate (16% and 4%), and adalimumab (12% and 10%). Of respondents, 66% administered phototherapy in their practice. After adjusting for all physician characteristics, those preferring first-line UVB for male or female patients were significantly more likely to have phototherapy in their practice (odds ratio [OR] 3.4, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.8-6.6 and OR 2.8, 95% CI 1.5-5.3, respectively) and to have used UVB in more than 10 patients in the last 3 months (OR 8.0, 95% CI 3.9-16.4; OR 9.6, 95% CI 4.3-21.6). Dermatologists in the Midwest were more likely than those in the Northeast to prefer adalimumab first line for male and female patients.
We surveyed only dermatologists with interest in treating psoriasis and elicited their treatment preferences for a single base case scenario. Treatment preferences may differ between survey respondents and nonrespondents.
UVB is most commonly preferred as a first-line treatment for moderate to severe psoriasis in healthy adults, and preferences vary based on region, phototherapy availability, and prior treatment use.
Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology 08/2011; 66(3):376-86. · 4.91 Impact Factor