[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The presence of insufficient bone volume remains a major clinical problem for dental implant placement to restore the oral function. Gene-transduced stem cells provide a promising approach for inducing bone regeneration and enhancing osseointegration in dental implants with tissue engineering technology. Our previous studies have demonstrated that the hypoxia-inducible factor-1α (HIF-1α) promotes osteogenesis in rat bone mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs). In this study, the function of HIF-1α was validated for the first time in a preclinical large animal canine model in term of its ability to promote new bone formation in defects around implants as well as the osseointegration between tissue-engineered bone and dental implants. A lentiviral vector was constructed with the constitutively active form of HIF-1α (cHIF). The ectopic bone formation was evaluated in nude mice. The therapeutic potential of HIF-1α-overexpressing canine BMSCs in bone repair was evaluated in mesi-implant defects of immediate post-extraction implants in the canine mandible. HIF-1α mediated canine BMSCs significantly promoted new bone formation both subcutaneously and in mesi-implant defects, including increased bone volume, bone mineral density, trabecular thickness, and trabecular bone volume fraction. Furthermore, osseointegration was significantly enhanced by HIF-1α-overexpressing canine BMSCs. This study provides an important experimental evidence in a preclinical large animal model concerning to the potential applications of HIF-1α in promoting new bone formation as well as the osseointegration of immediate implantation for oral function restoration.
PLoS ONE 01/2012; 7(3):e32355. · 3.73 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To investigate the effectiveness of the medical calcium sulfate-OsteoSet bone graft substitute in the treatment of defect after excision of jaw cyst.
Between December 2009 and May 2010, 15 cases of jaw cystic lesion were treated, including 9 males and 6 females with an average age of 36.6 years (range, 15-75 years). Orthopantomography (OPT) method was used to measure the cyst size before operation, and the size ranged from 1.5 cm x 1.5 cm to 8.0 cm x 3.0 cm. The range of bone defect was from 1.5 cm x 1.5 cm x 1.5 cm to 8.0 cm x 3.0 cm x 3.0 cm after cyst excision intraoperatively. The patients underwent cyst curettage and OsteoSet bone graft substitutes implantation (2-15 mL). Radiological method was used to evaluate the repair effect of OsteoSet pellets.
The pathology biopsy was periapical cyst in 7 cases, odontogenic keratocyst in 5 cases, and dentigerous cyst in 3 cases. Fifteen patients were followed up 6-12 months. Thirteen patients achieved wound healing by first intention; 2 cases had longer drainage time (5 and 7 days, respectively), the incision healed after the pressure bandage. Swelling occurred in 1 case after 1 month with no symptom of infection. No postoperative infection and rejection was found. The X-ray examination showed that the materials filled the bone defect well after 1 day of operation. OsteoSet bone graft substitutes were absorbed by one-half after 1 month of operation and totally after 3 months by OPT. The low density area was smaller in the original cysts cavity, and high density in the cysts increased significantly with fuzzy boundaries of cysts. At 6 months after operation, there was no obvious difference in image density between the original cavity and normal bone, and the capsule cavity boundary disappeared, and defect area was full of new bone.
The medical calcium sulfate-OsteoSet bone graft substitute is an ideal filling material for bone defect.
Zhongguo xiu fu chong jian wai ke za zhi = Zhongguo xiufu chongjian waike zazhi = Chinese journal of reparative and reconstructive surgery 01/2012; 26(1):87-90.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The successful clinical outcome of the implanted tissue-engineered bone is dependent on the establishment of a functional vascular network. A gene-enhanced tissue engineering represents a promising approach for vascularization. Our previous study indicated that hypoxia-inducible factor-1α (HIF-1α) can up-regulate the expression of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and stromal-derived factor 1 (SDF-1) in bone mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs). The angiogenesis is a co-ordinated process that requires the participation of multiple angiogenic factors. To further explore the angiogenic effect of HIF-1α mediated stem cells, in this study, we systematically evaluated the function of HIF-1α in enhancing BMSCs angiogenesis in vitro and in vivo. A constitutively active form of HIF-1α (CA5) was inserted into a lentivirus vector and transduced into BMSCs, and its effect on vascularization and vascular remodeling was further evaluated in a rat critical-sized calvarial defects model with a gelatin sponge (GS) scaffold. The expression of the key angiogenic factors including VEGF, SDF-1, basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF), placental growth factor (PLGF), angiopoietin 1 (ANGPT1), and stem cell factor (SCF) at both mRNAs and proteins levels in BMSCs were significantly enhanced by HIF-1α overexpression compared to the in vitro control group. In addition, HIF-1α-over expressing BMSCs showed dramatically improved blood vessel formation in the tissue-engineered bone as analyzed by photography of specimen, micro-CT, and histology. These data confirm the important role of HIF-1α in angiogenesis in tissue-engineered bone. Improved understanding of the mechanisms of angiogenesis may offer exciting therapeutic opportunities for vascularization, vascular remodeling, and bone defect repair using tissue engineering strategies in the future.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Tissue engineering combined with gene therapy represents a promising approach for bone regeneration. The Hypoxia-inducible factor-1α (HIF-1α) gene is a pivotal regulator of vascular reactivity and angiogenesis. Our recent study has showed that HIF-1α could promote osteogenesis of bone mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) using a gene point mutant technique. To optimize the function of HIF-1α on inducing stem cells, another constitutively active form of HIF-1α (CA5) was constructed with truncation mutant method and its therapeutic potential on critical-sized bone defects was evaluated with calcium-magnesium phosphate cement (CMPC) scaffold in a rat model. BMSCs were treated with Lenti (lentivirus) -CA5, Lenti-WT (wild-type HIF-1α), and Lenti-LacZ. These genetically modified BMSCs were then combined with CMPC scaffolds to repair critical-sized calvarial defects in rats. The results showed that the overexpression of HIF-1α obviously enhanced the mRNA and protein expression of osteogenic markers in vitro and robust new bone formation with the higher local bone mineral density (BMD) was found in vivo in the CA5 and WT groups. Furthermore, CA5 showed significantly greater stability and osteogenic activity in BMSCs compared with WT. These data suggest that BMSCs transduced with truncation mutanted HIF-1α gene can promote the overexpression of osteogenic markers. CMPC could serve as a potential substrate for HIF-1α gene modified tissue engineered bone to repair critical sized bony defects.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The processes of angiogenesis and bone formation are coupled both temporally and spatially during bone repair. Bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) have been effectively used to heal critical-size bone defects. Enhancing their ability to undergo angiogenic and osteogenic differentiation will enhance their potential use in bone regeneration. Hypoxia-inducible factor-1α (HIF-1α) has recently been identified as a major regulator of angiogenic-osteogenic coupling. In this study, we tested the hypothesis that HIF-1α gene therapy could be used to promote the repair of critical-sized bone defects. Using lentivirus-mediated delivery of wild-type (HIF) or constitutively active HIF-1α (cHIF), we found that in cultured BMSCs in vitro, HIF and cHIF significantly enhanced osteogenic and angiogenic mRNA and protein expression when compared with the LacZ group. We found that HIF-1α-overexpressing BMSCs dramatically improved the repair of critical-sized calvarial defects, including increased bone volume, bone mineral density, blood vessel number, and blood vessel area in vivo. These data confirm the essential role of HIF-1α modified BMSCs in angiogenesis and osteogenesis in vitro and in vivo.