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ABSTRACT: It has been suggested that γδ T cells are involved in certain autoimmune disorders. To establish reference data for clinical studies to explore the role of γδ T cells in autoimmune bone marrow failure syndrome, we examined the γδ T-cell repertoire in 120 healthy Japanese individuals by flow cytometry. The average numbers of T lymphocytes in blood were as follows: 1,084 ± 369 (SD) αβ T cells, 68 ± 44 γδ T cells, 16 ± 12 Vδ1 T cells, and 43 ± 36 Vδ2 T cells (/μl). Absolute numbers of γδ T cells decreased with aging (R = -0.378, P < 0.001). The decrease of γδ T cells was the result of reduction of Vδ2, but not of Vδ1, T cells. Numbers of Vδ2 T cells were significantly higher in male than in female donors (P = 0.007). The Vδ2 T cells but not Vδ1 T cells showed a rapid reduction in cell numbers on mitogen stimulation, which was accompanied by modest down-regulation of Bcl-2 protein expression. These results indicate that age and gender have a major impact on γδ T-cell repertoire in Japanese donors, as well as European and American donors. The age-related decrease of Vδ2 T cells may be explained by their susceptibility to activation-induced cell death.
International journal of hematology 08/2011; 94(3):230-40. · 1.17 Impact Factor