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Publications (7)1.65 Total impact

  • Francesco Saverio Martelli, Marialaura Martelli, Claudio Rosati, Elena Fanti
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    ABSTRACT: The potential role of VDR gene variations in modulating periodontal susceptibility have been a subject of scientific investigations. The aim of this paper is to perform a literature review of the potential correlation between Vitamin D Receptor (VDR) gene polymorphisms and periodontal disease.
    01/2014; 11(1):15-9.
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    ABSTRACT: In this study the temporal texture differentiation associated with the bone formation properties, around loaded oral implants after Platelet Rich Plasma (PRP) employment, was investigated in Panoramic Radiographs.
    01/2014; 11(1):59-66.
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    ABSTRACT: Periodontal diseases entail a variety of conditions affecting the periodontium. The pathogenesis results from a complex interaction of genetic and environmental factors. Although there are evidences to confirm a role of genetic determinants, the outcome of the available studies is controversial and the largest part of the research has been carried out in Asian populations. We investigated two polymorphisms in the genes encoding Interelukin-1β (IL-1β +3953 C>T; rs1143634) and vitamin D receptor (VDR Taq1; rs731236) in 42 Caucasian patients with chronic periodontal disease and 39 Caucasian subjects, matched for age and gender. The IL-1β C allele was present in 100% of cases and 92% of controls (p=0.07), the T allele was present in 19% of cases and in 44% controls (p=0.017). The prevalence of the VDR Taq1 tt genotype was lower in patients as compared with controls (i.e., 10 versus 59%; p<0.01), whereas the tT and TT genotypes were disproportionally higher in patients than in cases (i.e., 62 versus 33% for tT and 29% versus 8% for TT; p<0.01). The t allele was present in 71% of cases and 92% of controls (p=0.016), whereas the T allele was present in 90% of patients with periodontal disease and in 41% controls (p<0.01). The results of this case control study at-test that the T allele of VDR Taq1 is strongly associated with periodontal disease, whereas the t allele of the IL-1β +3953 confers a slightly protection against the risk of periodontitis.
    Annali di stomatologia. 01/2013; 4(2):191-5.
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to determine the impact of the polymorphisms at position -607 (C/A) and -137 (G/C) in the promoter of the IL-18 gene and their haplotypes, on the individual susceptibility of developing Aggressive (AgP) and/or Chronic (CP) periodontitis. A total of 213 unrelated Italian subjects with periodontitis (AgP=109 and CP=104) and 100 periodontal-health subjects were studied. IL-18 gene promoter polymorphisms were analyzed by TaqMan® SNP Genotyping Assays. Genotype and allele frequencies were analyzed using the chi-square test and multiple logistic regression analysis. χ(2) of comparisons between diseased patients and healthy controls indicated a significant differentiation between the control and AP and CP groups (χ(2)=26.359, P<0.02). Interestingly, genotypes AACG, AACC and AACG have a moderate association with AgP and CP. For alleles, multiple logistic regression analysis showed that the polymorphism CG at position -137 is moderately associated with AgP (ExpB=2.880), while the polymorphism AA at position -607 is moderately associated with CP (ExpB=2.076). Finally, a moderate association of CA at position -607 (ExpB=2.099) with the healthy status compared to aggressive periodontitis was found. Results obtained indicated the presence of some potential moderate protective and moderate susceptible alleles and genotypes to both aggressive and chronic periodontitis, demonstrating that IL-18 -607 C/A and -137 G/C gene promoter polymorphisms are not suitable diagnostic features for AgP and CP.
    Clinical Cases in Mineral and Bone Metabolism 09/2012; 9(3):153-6.
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to investigate subgingival bacterial composition of untreated Italian subjects with aggressive and chronic periodontitis. The total bacterial load, pathogenic bacteria belonging to "red" and "orange" complexes and Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans were determined by Real-Time PCR in 1216 patients. Data were analysed by looking for relationships between bacteriological parameters, age and periodontal probing depth. The obtained results showed a significant higher number of red complex bacteria in older rather than in younger patients. The total number of bacteria and the presence of A. actinomycetemcomitans did not clearly associate with an age group.
    Igiene e sanita pubblica 01/2012; 68(1):49-68.
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study is to investigate the relationship between a vitamin D receptor polymorphism and the diagnosis of periodontal disease in non-smoker Italian patients with aggressive and chronic periodontitis. DNA was obtained from the internal cheek mucosa of 115 patients with chronic periodontitis, 58 with aggressive periodontitis and 65 healthy controls. Allelic discrimination was performed using TaqMan SNP Genotyping Assays. Genotype and allele frequencies were calculated. Comparisons between diseased patients and healthy controls showed significant differences. Moreover, calculating the odds ratio, individuals with the TT genotype, was more susceptible than individuals with tt to chronic periodontitis and individuals with Tt to aggressive periodontitis. Interestingly, the dominant model (TT + Tt vs. tt) was applicable to chronic periodontitis, whilst for aggressive periodontitis the recessive model (TT vs. Tt + tt) gave the highest odds ratio. These data indicated that VDR TaqI polymorphism is differentially associated with development of chronic periodontitis and aggressive periodontitis in Italian population. The study of VDR polymorphisms may therefore be essential for the prevention of periodontitis and for a pre-treatment periodontal and/or for implant assessment. Moreover VDR TaqI polymorphism could be useful to discriminate between aggressive and chronic forms of periodontal disease.
    Archives of oral biology 07/2011; 56(12):1494-8. · 1.65 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Purpose: The aim of this study is to evaluate whether periodontopathogens are transmitted from husband to wife or vice versa. Materials and methods: We tested the microbiological profile of 9 couples married for at least 10 years suffering from periodontitis. The microbiological analysis provides the quantification by Real-Time PCR of six main periodontopathogens, including P. gingivalis, T. denticola, T. forsythia, F. nucleatum ssp. polymorphum, P. intermedia, A. actinomycetemcomitans and genotype of P. gingivalis FimA in 90 subgingival plaque samples. Results: The microbiological profiles highlighted a quite similar composition of oral microbial flora among husband and wife. Statistical results revealed a very high Pearson correlation values for the microbiological profiles in all 9 spouses. Additionally, five couples out of nine showed statistically similar values for the microbiological profile as determined by the Wilcoxon rank Sign test. We provided also a strong validation for the horizontal transmission of oral pathogens in the detection of the same genotype of P. gingivalis FimA in the spouses. Conclusions: The presence of periodontitis in one member of the couple is a strong indicator of risk for the colonization of the spouse by periodontophatic bacteria. This study confirms that periodontal disease can be transmitted suggesting the importance of an early detection of oral pathogens in familial pattern of periodontitis to clarify the source of infection in order to assess correct prevention protocols based on potential infectivity within spouses.
    Igiene e sanita pubblica 68(4):589-99.