Erin Buysman

Ochsner, New Orleans, Louisiana, United States

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Publications (10)18.05 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Abstract Background: Diabetes accounts for almost 15% of all direct healthcare expenditures. Managed care organizations try to reduce costs and improve patient outcomes. Increasing patient persistence with antidiabetes treatment could help achieve these goals. Subjects and Methods: A retrospective study was conducted using the Optum Research Database (Optum, Eden Prairie, MN) to analyze clinical and economic outcomes associated with initiation of insulin glargine via a disposable pen (GLA-P) or vial and syringe (GLA-V) among adult, insulin-naive patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Propensity-matched patient cohorts were assessed for persistence with insulin therapy, glycated hemoglobin (A1C), hypoglycemic events (based on diagnosis codes), and healthcare costs (total paid amount of adjudicated claims) after follow-up at 1 year. Results: In 1,308 matched patients, persistence was significantly higher (P=0.011) and longer (P=0.001) with GLA-P. Follow-up A1C values were significantly lower (P=0.038), and decreases in A1C from baseline significantly larger (P=0.043), in GLA-P than in GLA-V. Significantly fewer hypoglycemic events (P=0.042) were experienced, and a lower rate of diabetes-related inpatient admissions (P=0.008) was reported in GLA-P than GLA-V. Despite higher study drug costs with GLA-P than GLA-V, all-cause and diabetes-related healthcare costs were similar. Conclusions: In insulin-naive patients with T2DM, initiation of insulin glargine using the disposable pen rather than the vial and syringe is associated with higher persistence, better A1C control, and lower rates of hypoglycemia. The higher study drug costs associated with pen use do not increase total all-cause or diabetes-related healthcare costs. This may help treatment selection for patients with T2DM in a managed care setting.
    Diabetes Technology &amp Therapeutics 04/2014; · 2.21 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) progression often results in treatment intensification with injectable therapy to maintain glycemic control. Using pilot data from the Initiation of New Injectable Treatment Introduced after Anti-diabetic Therapy with Oral-only Regimens study, real-world treatment patterns among T2DM patients initiating injectable therapy with insulin glargine or liraglutide were assessed. This was a retrospective analysis of claims from the OptumInsight™ (OI; January 1, 2010 to July 30, 2010) and HealthCore(®) (HC; January 1, 2010 to June 1, 2010) health insurance databases. Baseline characteristics, health care resource utilization, and costs were compared between adults with T2DM initiating injectable therapy with insulin glargine pen versus liraglutide. Follow-up outcomes, including glycated hemoglobin A1c (A1C), hypoglycemia, health care utilization, and costs, were assessed. At baseline, almost one in three liraglutide patients (OI, n = 363; HC, n = 521) had A1C <7.0%, while insulin glargine patients (OI, n = 498; HC, n = 1,188) had poorer health status, higher A1C (insulin glargine: 9.8% and 9.1% versus liraglutide: 7.9% and 7.7%, OI and HC, respectively, both P < 0.001), and were less likely to be obese (insulin glargine: 10.8% and 9.2% versus liraglutide: 17.4% and 18.8%, OI and HC, respectively, both P < 0.01). The percentage of patients experiencing a hypoglycemic event was numerically higher for insulin pen use for both cohorts (OI 4.4% versus 3.0%; HC 6.2% versus 2.3%). During follow-up, in the insulin glargine cohort, annualized diabetes-related costs remained unchanged ($8,344 versus $7,749 OI, and $7,094 versus $7,731 HC), despite a significant increase in pharmacy costs, due to non-significant decreases in medical costs, while the liraglutide cohort had a significant increase in annualized diabetes-related costs ($4,510 versus $7,731 OI, and $4,136 versus $7,111 HC; both P < 0.001) due to a non-significant increase in medical costs coupled with a significant increase in pharmacy costs. These descriptive data identified differences in demographic and baseline clinical characteristics among patients initiating injectable therapies. The different health care utilization and cost patterns warrant further cost-effectiveness analysis.
    Advances in Therapy 11/2013; · 2.44 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Background / Purpose: Patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) uncontrolled on oral antidiabetic drugs (OADs) alone, often progress to treatment with an injectable therapy with insulin or a GLP-1 agonist. The I nitiation of N ew I njectable T reatment I ntroduced after A nti-diabetic T herapy with O ral-only R egimens (INITIATOR) study, is an retrospective observational study of US patients initiating injectable therapy with insulin glargine (GLA-P) or liraglutide (LIRA). The INITIATOR study is focused on investigating treatment patterns and associated outcomes using information from healthcare claims databases.Here, we describe pilot real-world data from two US administrative claims databases on the comparative effectiveness of GLA-P and LIRA, in T2DM patients. Main conclusion: In this study of patients uncontrolled on OADs alone, similar A1C reductions with no statistically significant differences in rates of hypoglycemia were found for patients initiating GLA-P and LIRA. Patients initiating GLA-P were identified as having higher treatment persistence and with a lower treatment cost in comparison to those initiating LIRA.
    95th Endocrine Society (ENDO) Annual Meeting 2013; 10/2013
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    ABSTRACT: Patients with nonvalvular atrial fibrillation (NVAF) are at increased risk for stroke and bleeding events, but bleeding as an outcome has not been extensively studied in this patient population. The goal of this study was to estimate the incidence of bleeding events among patients with NVAF enrolled in managed care, investigate the relationships between bleeding incidence and bleeding and stroke risks, and estimate health care costs for patients who had a major bleeding event. Adults with commercial insurance or Medicare Advantage coverage and health care claims related to AF between January 2005 and June 2009 but with no evidence of valvular disease were included in this retrospective claims data analysis. Baseline stroke risk (CHADS2 [Congestive Heart Failure, Hypertension, Age >75 Years, Diabetes Mellitus, and Prior Stroke or Transient Ischemic Attack]) and bleeding risk (HAS-BLED [Hypertension, Abnormal Renal/Liver Function, Stroke, Bleeding History or Predisposition, Labile International Normalized Ratios, Elderly, Drugs/Alcohol]) were estimated. Bleeding events were identified during the variable follow-up period, which lasted from the date of the first qualifying AF visit until the earlier of death, disenrollment from the health plan, or June 30, 2010. Bleeding events were classified as major, serious nonmajor, or minor. Health care costs for patients with major bleeding events were calculated. Among 48,260 patients with NVAF (mean age, 67 years), 34% had an incident bleeding event during a mean (SD) follow-up period of 802 (540) days. Incidence rates for bleeding events of any severity and major events were 29.6 and 10.4 per 100 patient-years, respectively. Bleeding incidence rates increased with greater CHADS2 and HAS-BLED risk scores. All-cause health care costs for patients during a major bleeding event averaged $16,830. Average costs per patient with a major event increased from approximately $52 per day in the prebleeding period to approximately $63 per day in the postbleeding period. Costs for patients who did not experience a major bleeding event averaged approximately $38 per day. Bleeding incidence among patients with NVAF in a real-world setting was high and increased with greater stroke and bleeding risk scores. Health care costs for patients with major bleeding events were elevated. All rights reserved.
    Clinical Therapeutics 09/2013; · 2.23 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Stroke prevention is a goal of atrial fibrillation (AF) management, but discontinuation of warfarin anticoagulation therapy is common. To investigate the association between warfarin discontinuation and hospitalization for stroke among nonvalvular AF (NVAF) patients enrolled in managed care. Patients with NVAF who initiated warfarin therapy from January 2005 through June 2009 were included. Warfarin discontinuation was defined as a supply gap >60 days without evidence of International Normalized Ratio measurements. Follow-up, which was a variable time period from warfarin initiation until the earlier of death, disenrollment from the health plan, or June 30, 2010, was divided into periods of warfarin treatment and discontinuation. Stroke events were identified based on claims for inpatient stays with a primary diagnosis of stroke or transient ischemic attack. Cox proportional hazards models were constructed to assess the relationship between warfarin discontinuation and incident stroke while adjusting for baseline demographics, stroke and bleeding risk, and comorbidities, as well as time-dependent antiplatelet use, stroke, and bleeding events in the previous warfarin treatment period. Among warfarin initiators with NVAF (N = 16,253), 51.4% discontinued warfarin therapy at least once during a mean follow-up of 668 days. Stroke risk was significantly greater during warfarin discontinuation periods compared with therapy periods (hazard ratio = 1.60; 95% CI, 1.35-1.90; P < 0.001). More than half of patients on warfarin had treatment gaps or discontinued therapy. Therapy gaps were associated with increased stroke risk.
    Clinical Therapeutics 07/2013; · 2.23 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To compare outcomes of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) patients initiating therapy with FDC vs. those with loose-dose combination (LDC) or step therapy (ST) in a managed care population. A retrospective claims database analysis. Treatment-naive T2DM patients who were continuously enrolled in a health plan during 2006-2009 were studied. Eligible patients were assigned to FDC, LDC, or ST cohorts. Glycated hemoglobin goal attainment (HbA1c < 7%) was assessed using the American Diabetes Association (ADA) treatment guidelines. Health care resources use and costs, including inpatient, emergency room (ER), and ambulatoryvisits, were measured during the 12 months after therapy initiation. All-cause and diabetes-related use and costs were assessed. 21,048 patients met study criteria (FDC n = 8,416, ST n = 8,407, LDC n = 4,225), and 1,926 of these patients had HbA1c results. FDC patients had lower rates of post-index all-cause inpatient stays and ER visits compared with the other cohorts. FDC patients had lower average counts of diabetes-related ambulatory visits (2.7) compared with ST (3.7; p < 0.001) and LDC (3.2; p < 0.001) and significantly lower average post-index all-cause and diabetes-related costs compared with the other cohorts, with average all-cause costs for FDC, ST, and LDC of $8,445, $10,515, and $9,688, respectively, and diabe-tes-related costs of $1,641, $2,099, and $1,900, respectively. FDC patients had higher rates of achieving HbA1c goal (61%) compared to ST (48%; p < 0.001) or LDC (52%; p = 0.015). Differences in outcomes remained following multivariate analyses. Treatment with FDC was associated with lower health care resources use and costs and better likelihood of HbA1c goal attainment.
    Managed care (Langhorne, Pa.) 07/2012; 21(7):40-8.
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    ABSTRACT: This study was conducted to compare adherence and persistence of patients initiating basal insulin therapy with Levemir FlexPen versus those initiating basal insulin therapy with NPH via vial and syringe. Data were gathered from a large US retrospective claims database, and included patients with type 2 diabetes that initiated basal insulin therapy with either Levemir FlexPen or NPH in vials. Patients were defined as adherent to therapy if they had a medication possession ratio (MPR) of ≥80% in the 12-month follow-up period and were defined as persistent with therapy if they had no gaps in insulin therapy in the follow-up period. After controlling for confounders using logistic regression, patients initiating therapy with Levemir FlexPen had 39% higher adjusted odds of achieving an MPR ≥80% versus patients initiating therapy with NPH vial (OR 1.39; 95% CI: 1.04-1.85). Analysis of persistence using a Cox proportional hazards model indicated that patients initiating Levemir FlexPen had a 38% lower hazard of discontinuation compared to NPH vial (HR 0.62, 95% CI: 0.55-0.70). Claims-based studies are limited to the extent that they accurately capture medical and pharmacy use. Also, relying on claims-based data limits the generalizability of the findings to similar populations and treatments. These results suggest that persistence and adherence with insulin may be improved for patients initiating basal insulin therapy with Levemir FlexPen versus NPH vial.
    Current Medical Research and Opinion 09/2011; 27(9):1709-17. · 2.37 Impact Factor
  • Value in Health 01/2011; 14(3). · 2.19 Impact Factor
  • Value in Health 01/2011; 14(3). · 2.19 Impact Factor
  • Value in Health 01/2010; 13(7). · 2.19 Impact Factor