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ABSTRACT: Among unvaccinated populations, primary varicella zoster virus (VZV) infection results in a minor childhood illness for the majority of individuals. Mortality is rare, and fatalities associated with cardiac complications are exceptional. In a population where routine VZV vaccination is not practised, we report a death in a previously healthy child secondary to VZV myocarditis. A literature review of cardiac-related VZV mortality in childhood is included. This identified a further 13 cases where death was associated with or attributable to, direct involvement of the myocardium or conducting system with what is frequently considered a benign childhood illness.
Pediatric Cardiology 08/2011; 32(8):1241-3. · 1.20 Impact Factor