ABSTRACT: To describe the multidisciplinary lifestyle intervention model used in an experimental CURIAMO (Centro Universitario Ricerca Interdipartimentale Attività Motoria) project designed to validate the short- and long-term efficacy of the model in obesity and Type 2 diabetes.
Over a 3-yr period, about 1000 adults (70% diabetes-free and overweight or obese; 30% with Type 2 diabetes and overweight or obese).
Age range 18-80 yr, body mass index >27 kg/m2 with or without Type 2 diabetes mellitus; participants will be divided into three age groups (18-45, 45-65, 65-80 yr). The study duration will be from 5 to 6 yr: 1 yr of intervention followed by a mean follow-up period of 4 yr. In the first years, after a 4- month intensive lifestyle intervention, subjects will follow a maintenance programme. The intervention, which includes seven steps, involves the following experts: endocrinologists, sport medicine doctors or cardiologists, psychologists, dietitians, educators, nurses, exercise physiologists, and promoters of outdoor activities.
The main endpoint of the study is to measure the efficacy of the lifestyle improvement intervention, defined as a loss of at least 7% of body weight combined with an increase of at least 10 MET/h-1·week-1 of energy expenditure by physical activity, after 1 yr and during the follow-up. A cost/utility analysis of the model will be made in participants with diabetes.
We expect that the CURIAMO model will be highly effective, and that the aim of the intervention will be achieved in more than 70% of cases.
Journal of endocrinological investigation 07/2011; 34(10):e349-54. · 1.57 Impact Factor