[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Aim: Biventricular support can be achieved using paracorporeal ventricular assist devices (p-BiVAD) or the Syncardia temporary total artificial heart (t-TAH). The purpose of the present study was to compare survival and morbidity between these devices. Methods: Data from 2 French neighboring hospitals were reviewed. Between 1996 and 2009, 148 patients (67 p-BiVADs and 81 t-TAH) underwent primary, planned biventricular support. There were 128 (86%) males aged 44±13 years. Results: Preoperatively, p-BiVAD recipients had significantly lower systolic and diastolic blood pressures, more severe hepatic cytolysis and higher white blood cell counts than t-TAH recipients. In contrast, t-TAH patients had significantly higher rates of pre-implant ECLS and hemofiltration. Mean support duration was 79±100 days for the p-BiVAD group and 71±92 for t-TAH group (P=0.6). Forty two (63%) p-BiVAD recipients were bridged to transplantation (39, 58%) or recovery (3, 5%), whereas 51 (63%) patients underwent transplantation in the t-TAH group. Death on support was similar between groups (p-BiVAD, 26 (39%); t-TAH, 30 (37%); P=0.87). Survival while on device was not significantly different between patient groups and multivariate analysis showed that only preimplant diastolic blood pressure and alanine amino-transferase levels were significant predictors of death. Post-transplant survival in the p-BiVAD group was 76±7%, 70±8%, and 58±9% at 1, 3, and 5 years after transplantation, respectively, and was similar to that of the t-TAH group (77±6%, 72±6%, and 70±7%, P=0.60). Conclusion: Survival while on support and up to 5 years after heart transplantation was not significantly different in patients supported by p-BiVADs or t-TAH. Multivariate analysis revealed that survival while on transplantation was not affected by the type of device implanted.
The Journal of cardiovascular surgery 01/2014; · 1.51 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Purpose: Impella 5.0 is a short-term left ventricle assist device (LVAD), inserted retrograde into
the left ventricle across the aortic valve through a surgical peripheral access. Impella has been utilized for various indications but in the setting of bridge-to-bridge application there are limited reports.
Methods: We performed a retrospective observational analysis of Impella utilization at our institution as bridge to long-term LVADs. The primary end-point was survival during Impella support.
Results: Between December 2010 and February 2012, we implanted 20 Impella in patients with cardiogenic shock and, among these, 5 were implanted as bridge to long-term LVADs. In this latter group, mean age at the time of implantation was 44 ± 15.6 (range 27-68) years and there was a prevalence of males (80%). Etiology of cardiogenic shock was: decompensated anthracycline-induced cardiomyopathy (n = 1), myocardial infarction (n = 4). There was no major bleeding requiring surgical revision or infectious complications at the right axillary access. One patient required Impella replacement due to a pump stop. After a mean period of 14.2 ± 9.0 (range 6-27) days of Impella support, patients were switched to a long-term LVAD (Jarvik 2000, n = 2; HeartMate II, n = 3). One patient died 70 days after implantation of the long-term LVAD due to multi-organ failure, while the remaining patients are still alive after a mean period of follow-up of 108.6 ± 66.2 (range 19-191) days.
Conclusions: Our experience shows that an Impella 5.0 implanted through the right axillary artery
approach is a valid option as bridge to long-term LVADs.
The International journal of artificial organs 08/2013; · 1.76 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: The SynCardia temporary total artificial heart (t-TAH) provides complete circulatory support by replacing both native cardiac ventricles and all cardiac valves. METHODS: We performed a retrospective analysis of demographics, clinical characteristics and survival of patients bridged to transplantation using the SynCardia t-TAH (SynCardia Systems Inc, Tucson, AZ). RESULTS: From 2000 to 2010, the SynCardia t-TAH was implanted in 90 consecutive patients (80 males; mean age, 46 ± 13 years) suffering cardiogenic shock secondary to idiopathic (n = 40, 46%) or ischemic (n = 24, 27%) cardiomyopathy or other causes. Before implantation, 7 (9%) patients had cardiac arrest, 27 (33%) were on ventilator, and 18 (22%) were on extracorporeal life support. Pre-implant creatinine values were 1.7 ± 0.97 mg/dL and total bilirubin levels were 45 ± 32 μmol/L; mean duration of support was 84 ± 102 days. Thirty-five (39%) patients died while on support after a mean of 62 ± 107 days. Actuarial survival on device was 74% ± 5%, 63% ± 6%, and 47% ± 8% at 30, 60, and 180 days after implantation. While on support, 9 (10%) patients suffered stroke, 13 (14%) had mediastinitis, and 35 (39%) required surgical reexploration for bleeding, hematoma, or infection. Multivariate analysis revealed that older recipient age and preoperative mechanical ventilation were risk factors for death while on support. Fifty-five (61%) patients were transplanted after a mean of 97 ± 98 days of support. Actuarial survival rates were 78% ± 6%, 71% ± 6%, and 63% ± 8% at 1, 5, and 8 years after transplantation. CONCLUSIONS: The SynCardia t-TAH provided acceptable survival to transplantation rates with a remarkably low incidence of neurologic events. Posttransplant survival was similar to that of patients undergoing primary heart transplantation in France.
The Annals of thoracic surgery 04/2013; · 3.45 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We present the case of a patient with cardiac tamponade secondary to late intrapericardial migration of a disrupted ventriculo-atrial shunt (VAS). A 48-year old woman was referred for cardiac tamponade. She had a history of congenital hydrocephalus with implantation of a VAS (Codman(®)) in 1994. The initial neurological examination was normal. Tomodensitometry showed a discontinuity of the VAS at the cervical level with its distal part floating in the pericardium. Immediate surgery through sternotomy allowed the draining of the pressurized translucid liquid. The distal part of the VAS was extracted and the perforation site on the right ventricle was sutured. The patient showed no neurological trouble 3 months after operation. Surprisingly, cardiac tamponade was not related to bleeding but to the accumulation of translucid liquid whose gross aspect and biochemistry were very suggestive of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). We hypothesize that a fibrin sheath had developed around the VAS at the time of its disconnection and acted as a fibrous tunnel allowing continued CSF drainage through its distal part. Surgical strategies to prevent late VAS disconnection should be considered at the time of implantation.
Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery 12/2012; · 1.11 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: During 2009, pandemic influenza A (H1N1) affected France and several patients developed influenza A (H1N1)-associated acute respiratory distress syndrome. The use of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) could be advocated as therapeutic solution. We present our experience with ECMO utilized in patients with influenza A (H1N1)-associated respiratory failure.
We conducted a retrospective observational analysis of our experience with veno-venous ECMO for 2009 influenza A (H1N1)-associated respiratory failure. We have excluded from our study all not confirmed cases of influenza A (H1N1). Veno-venous ECMO was always instituted using a percutaneous cannulation technique. Mechanical circulatory support was maintained until respiratory function recovery.
Between October 2009 and February 2010, we performed veno-venous ECMO support in 12 patients with influenza A (H1N1)-associated respiratory failure. Mean age was 33 ± 12 years (14-63 years) and there was a prevalence of female sex. Median time from influenza A (H1N1) onset to mechanical ventilation (MV) initiation was 6 days (1-17 days); median time from MV to veno-venous ECMO support was 3 days (1-20 days). Six patients (50%) suffered ventilator-associated pneumonia during ECMO support. Eight patients (66.6%) suffered significant haemorrhage requiring transfusion of more than 2 packed red cells. In two patients (16.6%), there was a thrombosis of the inferior vena cava and one of them experienced pulmonary embolism. Mean duration of ECMO support was 23 ± 14 days (3-47 days); mean duration of mechanical ventilatory support was 24 ± 21 days (6-70 days). ECMO was weaned in 10 patients (83.3%) and all these patients are still alive after a period of follow-up of 13.8 ± 1.12 months (11.03-14.83 months). Two patients (in-hospital mortality of 16.6%) died under ECMO support for refractory septic shock.
Veno-venous ECMO for 2009 H1N1-associated respiratory failure gives good results with a very low mortality rate. The use of a mobile unit is a safe procedure and may improve survival of patients who might not be otherwise eligible for transfer to our institution. Larger studies are however required in order to optimize and refine the best treatment strategy in this subgroup of patients.
European journal of cardio-thoracic surgery: official journal of the European Association for Cardio-thoracic Surgery 03/2012; 41(3):691-5. · 2.40 Impact Factor