[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Aflatoxin B1 (AFB1), one of the most common mycotoxins found in human foods, is principally hepatotoxic; however, it also affects reproduction. The aim of the present study was to elucidate the reproductive toxic effects and possible mechanism of action of AFB1 in rats. Male Wistar rats were injected intramuscularly with doses of 10, 20, or 50 µg AFB1/kg body weight on alternate days from 45 to 100 days of age. Significant reductions in body weights, relative weights of reproductive organs, daily sperm production, epididymal sperm count, viable sperm, motile sperm, and hypoosmotic swelling-tail coiled sperm were observed. Significant decreases in testicular steroidogenic enzymes and serum testosterone levels were also observed indicating decreased steroidogenesis. In silico docking studies illustrated AFB1 binds with steroidogenic acute regulatory (StAR) protein thereby affecting the transport of cholesterol into mitochondria resulting in decreased steroidogenesis.
International Journal of Toxicology 04/2014; · 1.35 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Arsenic is a well-known environmental toxic metalloid element and carcinogen that affects multiple organ systems including tissue lipid peroxidation and reproduction. The present study was aimed to investigate the protective role of N-acetylcysteine (NAC) on arsenic-induced testicular oxidative damage and antioxidant and steroidogeneic enzymes and sperm parameters in mice. Arsenic was administered through drinking water to mice at a concentration of 4.0 ppm sodium arsenite (actual concentration 2.3 ppm arsenic) for 35 days. The body weight of treated mice did not show significant change as compared with the control mice. In arsenic exposed mice there was a significant decrease in the weight of the testis, epididymis and prostate gland as compared with the control animals. Significant reduction was observed in epididymal sperm count, motile sperms and viable sperms in mice exposed to arsenic indicate decreased spermatogenesis and poor sperm quality. The activity levels of testicular 3β- and 17β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenases and circulatory levels of testosterone were also decreased in arsenic treated mice indicating reduced steroidogenesis. A significant increase in the activities of lipid peroxidation and a significant decrease in the activities of antioxidant enzymes were observed in the testis of mice exposed to arsenic. In addition, significant increase in the testicular arsenic levels was observed during arsenic intoxication. No significant changes in the oxidation status and selected reproductive variables were observed in the N-acetylcysteine alone treated mice. Whereas, intra-peritoneal injection of NAC to arsenic exposed mice showed a significant increase in the weights of reproductive organs, reduction in arsenic-induced oxidative stress in the tissues and improvement in steroidogenesis over arsenic-exposed mice indicating the beneficial role of N-acetylcysteine to counteract arsenic-induced oxidative stress and to restore the suppressed reproduction in male mice.
Journal of Trace Elements in Medicine and Biology 09/2011; 25(4):247-53. · 1.96 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Centella asiatica has been mentioned in ancient ayurvedic text of the Indian system of medicine for its properties to promote intelligence. The objective of the present study was to investigate the beneficial effects of C. asiatica on lead-induced oxidative stress and suppressed reproductive performance in male rats. Significant decrease in the weights of testes and epididymis were observed in lead treated animals. Exposure to lead acetate significantly increased malondialdehyde levels with a significant decrease in the superoxide dismutase and catalase activities in the liver, brain, kidneys and testes of rats. Epididymal sperm count, viable sperms, motile sperms and HOS-tail coiled sperms decreased significantly in lead-exposed rats. Testicular steroidogenic enzyme activities also decreased significantly in lead-exposed rats. No significant changes in the selected reproductive variables were observed in the plant extract alone treated rats. Whereas, co-administration of aqueous extracts of C. asiatica to lead exposed rats showed a significant increase in the weights of reproductive organs, reduction in lead-induced oxidative stress in the tissues and improvement in selected reproductive parameters over lead-exposed rats indicating the beneficial role of C. asiatica to counteract lead-induced oxidative stress and to restore the suppressed reproduction in male rats.
Environmental toxicology and pharmacology. 09/2011; 32(2):146-54.