[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To investigate the relationship between radiolucent periapical lesions and bone mineral density in post-menopausal women.
Seventy-five post-menopausal women were recruited for the study. Bone mineral density was measured using dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry. Three groups were established: healthy bone group, osteopenic group and osteoporotic group. Periapical radiolucencies were diagnosed on the basis of examination of digital panoramic radiographs. Statistical analysis was carried out using anova and chi-squared tests, and logistic regression analysis.
In both the osteopenic and osteoporotic groups, 25% of women showed at least one periapical radiolucency, whereas this was only 7.4% in the healthy bone group (odds ratio = 4.2; p = 0.061). After multivariate logistic regression analysis adjusting for covariates (age, number of teeth, number of root-filled teeth and number of teeth with coronal restorations), a marginally significant association was evident between bone mineral density and the presence of periapical radiolucencies (odds ratio = 1.9; CI 95% = 1.0-3.8; p = 0.050).
After adjusting for covariates, low bone mineral density is marginally associated with a higher frequency of radiolucent periapical lesions.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Pain arising from surgical procedures that damage the inferior alveolar nerve typically responds poorly to classic therapies. The present case reports the successful medical treatment of this problem with a 10-day course of a corticosteroid and a concomitant 30-day course of an anticonvulsant.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Osteoporosis is a major cause of fractures in elderly women. Bone densitometry is used in order to detect osteoporosis. It has been observed can also be analyzed in the jawbone. The osteoporosis may be associated with resorption of the residual ridge, periodontitis and tooth loss; also the same treatments can affect the jaws. A search was carried out in the Medline-Pubmed database in order to search the association between osteoporosis and oral diseases over the past 5 years. Forty-two articles were obtained after the selection process. The authors stated that: in reference to periodontal disease the results are conflicting, but there seems to be a higher prevalence of the disease and tooth loss and resorption of the crest. Oral bisphosphonates have little risk of causing osteonecrosis, and there is no relationship in the dental implant failure among patients taking bisphosphonates. There is no clear scientific evidence that could link osteoporosis and oral diseases.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The most common types of orofacial pain originate at the dental or periodontal level or in the musculoskeletal structures. However, the patient may present pain in this region even though the source is located elsewhere in the body. One possible source of heterotopic pain is of cardiac origin.
Report two cases of orofacial pain of cardiac origin and review the clinical cases described in the literature.
Description of clinical cases and review of clinical cases.
Nine cases of atypical pain of cardiac origin are recorded, which include 5 females and 4 males. In craniofacial structures, pain of cardiac origin is usually bilateral. At the craniofacial level, the most frequent location described is in the throat and jaw. Pain of cardiac origin is considered atypical due to its location, although roughly 10% of the cases of cardiac ischemia manifest primarily in craniofacial structures. Finally, the differential diagnosis of pain of odontogenic origin must be taken into account with pain of non-odontogenic origin (muscle, psychogenic, neuronal, cardiac, sinus and neurovascular pain) in order to avoid diagnostic errors in the dental practice as well as unnecessary treatments.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We propose and validate a computer-aided system to measure three different mandibular indexes: cortical width, panoramic mandibular index and, mandibular alveolar bone resorption index.
Repeatability and reproducibility of the measurements are analyzed and compared to the manual estimation of the same indexes.
The proposed computerized system exhibits superior repeatability and reproducibility rates compared to standard manual methods. Moreover, the time required to perform the measurements using the proposed method is negligible compared to perform the measurements manually.
We have proposed a very user friendly computerized method to measure three different morphometric mandibular indexes. From the results we can conclude that the system provides a practical manner to perform these measurements. It does not require an expert examiner and does not take more than 16 seconds per analysis. Thus, it may be suitable to diagnose osteoporosis using dental panoramic radiographs.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To determine the prevalence of apical periodontitis (AP) and the frequency of root canal treatment in a sample of Spanish adults.
A descriptive cross-sectional study.
A total of 397 adult subjects, 49% males and 51% females.
Digital panoramic radiographs were used. Periapical status was scored according to the periapical index. Results were analysed statistically using the chi-squared test and logistic regression.
Radiographic signs of AP in one or more teeth were found in 135 patients (34%). The prevalence of AP was significantly higher in males (42.3%) than females (26.1%) [odds ratio (OR)=2.1; 95% confidence interval (95% CI)= 1.4-3.2; P= 0.0007]. At least one root-filled tooth (RFT) was found in 233 patients (59%). Twenty-six per cent of subjects with RFT had at least one RFT with AP. The prevalence of AP increased with age (P < 0.05). Patients with RFT showed a higher prevalence of AP (42%) relative to patients without RFT (23%) (OR = 2.4; 95% CI = 1.5-3.7; P = 0.00013). Adjusting for age, gender and teeth number, endodontic status remained significantly associated with periapical status (OR = 2.3; 95% CI = 1.4-3.6; P = 0.0005).
Both the prevalence of AP and the frequency of root canal treatment are high among Spanish adults. AP affects more frequently RFT relative to untreated teeth. Patients with one or more RFT have a greater likelihood of having AP than patients without RFT.
International Dental Journal 02/2012; 62(1):40-6. DOI:10.1111/j.1875-595X.2011.00087.x · 1.20 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To describe a case of endodontic sealer (AH Plus) penetration within the mandibular canal after root canal treatment with resolution of pain and paraesthesia after a non-surgical approach, including treatment with prednisone and pregabalin.
A 37-year-old woman underwent root canal treatment of the left mandibular second molar tooth. Postoperative periapical radiographs revealed the presence of radiopaque canal sealer in the mandibular canal. The day after, the patient reported severe pain in the tooth and paraesthesia/anaesthesia in the region innervated by the left inferior alveolar and mental nerve. Diagnosis of injury to the inferior alveolar nerve because of extrusion of AH Plus was established. The non-surgical management included 1 mg kg(-1) per day prednisone, two times per day, in a regimen on a daily basis, and 150 mg per day pregabalin, two doses per day, monitoring the progress with periodic follow-up visits. One month after the incident, the signs and symptoms were gone.
This case illustrates the care required when performing root canal treatment, especially when the root apices are in close proximity to the inferior alveolar nerve canal. The complete resolution of paraesthesia and the control of pain achieved in the present case suggests that a non-surgical approach combining prednisone and pregabalin is a good option in the management of the inferior alveolar when it is contacted by extruded root filling material.
International Endodontic Journal 08/2011; 45(1):98-104. DOI:10.1111/j.1365-2591.2011.01939.x · 2.27 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Osteoporosis is a systemic bone disease that is characterized by a generalized reduction of the bone mass. It is the main cause of fractures in elderly women. Bone densitometry is used in the lumbar spine and hip in order to detect osteoporosis in its early stages. Different studies have observed a correlation between the bone mineral density of the jaw (BMD) and that of the lumbar spine and/or hip. On the other hand, there are studies that evaluate the findings in the orthopantomograms and perapical X-rays, correlating them with the early diagnosis of osteoporosis and highlighting the role of the dentist in the early diagnosis of this disease. Materials and methods: A search was carried out in the Medline-Pubmed database in order to identify those articles that deal with the association between the X-ray findings observed in the orthopantomograms and the diagnosis of the osteoporosis, as well as those that deal with the bone mineral density of the jaw. Results: There were 406 articles, and with the limits established, this number was reduced to 21. Almost all of the articles indicate that when examining oral X-rays, it is possible to detect signs indicative of osteoporosis. Discussion: The radiomorphometric indices use measurements in orthopantomograms and evaluate possible loss of bone mineral density. They can be analyzed alone or along with the visual indices. In the periapical X-rays, the photodensimetric analyses and the trabecular pattern appear to be the most useful. There are seven studies that analyze the densitometry of the jaw, but only three do so independently of the photodensitometric analysis. Conclusions: The combination of mandibular indices, along with surveys on the risk of fracture, can be useful as indicators of early diagnosis of osteoporosis. Visual and morphometric indices appear to be especially important in the orthopantomograms. Photodensitometry indices and the trabecular pattern are used in periapical X-rays. Studies on mandibular dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry are inconclusive.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to investigate radiographically the prevalence of apical periodontitis (AP) and endodontic treatment in a sample of adult type II diabetic patients and control subjects.
In a cross-sectional study, the radiographic records of 50 adult patients reporting a history of well-controlled type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) (study group) and 50 age- and sex-matched subjects who reported no history of DM (control group) were examined. Periapical status of all teeth was assessed using the periapical index score.
The average number of teeth per patient in the diabetic and control groups was 21.9 and 24.6 teeth, respectively (P = .012). AP in one or more teeth was found in 37 diabetic patients (74%) and in 21 control subjects (42%) (odds ratio = 3.9, P = .002). One or more root-filled teeth were found in 35 (70%) and 25 (50%) of diabetic and control subjects, respectively (odds ratio = 2.3, P = .043). Among diabetic patients with root-filled teeth, 16 (46%) had AP affecting at least one treated tooth. Among controls with root-filled teeth, 6 (24%) had AP affecting at least one treated tooth (P > .05). Adjusting for teeth number, multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that periapical status (odds ratio = 3.3, P = .0071) and the number of root-filled teeth (odds ratio = 1.7; P = .0035) were significantly associated with diabetic status.
The results showed that in adult patients, type 2 DM is significantly associated with an increased prevalence of AP and endodontic treatment.
Journal of endodontics 05/2011; 37(5):598-601. DOI:10.1016/j.joen.2011.01.002 · 2.79 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The squamous cell carcinoma is defined as a malignant neoplasia originated on the stratified paved epithelium. It is the most common malignant neoplasia in the mouth, representing 90% of all oral cancers. Approximately 95% of these carcinomas are manifested on ages above 40, the average age on the masculine sex is 60 and on the feminine sex 70. Man/Woman ratio is 3:1 but on the last decade, a chance on this proportion has been noticed, due to an increase on tobacco use by women.Objective
The aim of this work is to present a clinical case of an “innocent” looking ulcer on the right edge of the tongue.Clinical caseA patient presenting an ulcer in the tongue is studied clinically and histopathologically, in order to reach the right diagnose of the lesion. The clinical examination and the histopathological analysis led to the diagnosis of squamous cell carcinoma.Conclusions
Squamous cell carcinoma is relatively easy to diagnose in the mouth, because of its accessibility to clinical and histopathological examination. The most important thing is to reach an early diagnose and starting the best treatment (usually surgical) as soon as possible.
Revista Portuguesa de Estomatologia 07/2008; 49(3):141–144. DOI:10.1016/S1646-2890(08)70122-5