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ABSTRACT: Linagliptin is an oral dipeptidyl peptidase (DPP)-4 inhibitor that has been recently approved for the treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus. Microgynon® 30 is a combined oral contraceptive pill containing both ethinylestradiol 30 μg and levonorgestrel 150 μg (EE 30 μg/LNG 150 μg).
The objective of this study was to determine the effect of multiple doses of linagliptin (5 mg once daily) on the steady-state pharmacokinetics of EE and LNG following once-daily doses of EE 30 μg/LNG 150 μg.
This was an open-label, two-period, fixed-sequence, multiple-dose study, consisting of a run-in period, a 14-day reference treatment period and a 7-day test treatment period. The study recruited 18 healthy pre-menopausal female subjects aged 18-40 years with a body mass index of 18.5-27.0 kg/m2. Only women with regular menstrual cycles were included in this study. The treatment sequence was divided into three steps: an individually tailored run-in period with EE 30 μg/LNG 150 μg to synchronize the menstrual cycles of the subjects followed by a washout period of 7 days; the reference treatment period, during which EE 30 μg/LNG 150 μg alone was taken on days 1-14; and the test treatment period, during which EE 30 μg/LNG 150 μg plus linagliptin were taken on days 15-21. The pharmacokinetic parameters measured were maximum steady-state plasma concentration during a dosage interval (C(max,ss)), time to reach maximum plasma concentration following administration at steady state (t(max,ss)) and area under the plasma concentration-time curve during a dosage interval (τ) at steady state (AUC(τ,ss)).
The AUC(τ,ss) and C(max,ss) of EE and LNG were comparable when EE 30 μg/LNG 150 μg was given alone or combined with linagliptin. The adjusted geometric mean ratios for AUC(τ,ss) and C(max,ss) of EE following EE 30 μg/LNG 150 μg plus linagliptin versus EE 30 μg/LNG 150 μg alone were 101.4 (90% CI 97.2, 105.8) and 107.8 (90% CI 99.7, 116.6), respectively. The adjusted geometric mean ratios for AUC(τ,ss) and C(max,ss) of LNG following EE 30 μg/LNG 150 μg plus linagliptin versus EE 30 μg/LNG 150 μg alone were 108.8 (90% CI 104.5, 113.3) and 113.5 (90% CI 106.1, 121.3), respectively. The combination was well tolerated.
Linagliptin had no clinically relevant effect on the steady-state pharmacokinetics of EE and LNG in healthy female subjects, and the combination of EE 30 μg/LNG 150 μg and linagliptin was well tolerated in this study. Therefore, linagliptin has the potential to be used in the treatment of female patients with type 2 diabetes in combination with oral contraceptives containing these components, such as EE 30 μg/LNG 150 μg.
The EudraCT number for this study is 2008-000953-37.
Clinical Drug Investigation 06/2011; 31(9):643-53. · 1.92 Impact Factor