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ABSTRACT: We report the use of an island infrahyoid myocutaneous flap, pedicled on the superior thyroid vessels, in a group of 21 patients. This flap allows reconstruction of intraoral defects or defects of the lower portion of the face, as large as 10 x 4 cm. We used it in 15 cases to repair parts of the oral cavity, after tumour resection, in 2 patients with mandibular osteoradionecrosis and in 4 patients with gunshot injuries. Among the 21 flaps, no muscular necrosis was observed; however, 4 total necrosis and 4 partial necrosis (< or = 25% of the skin area) of the skin paddle were recorded. Loss of the skin paddle was primarily attributable to the anatomical variations of the veins draining this flap.
International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery 02/1998; 27(1):40-4. · 1.52 Impact Factor