ABSTRACT: The objective of our study was to estimate the prevalence of the depression in postpartum in a population of Tunisian parturients.
Prospective study, in two stages: first week then between sixth and tenth week of the postpartum. The study was done at CHU Hédi Chaker in Sfax, Tunisia. For tracking postpartum depression, we used the Arab version of Edinburgh Postnatal Scale Depression (EPDS). An epidemiologic questionnaire was used to collect the sociodemographic and clinical data.
In T(1), 213 women were examined. In T(2), 136 were reexamined (63, 8% of the initial population). In the first stage, the prevalence of the intense postpartum blues, according to EPDS, was 19,2%. In the second stage, the prevalence of the postpartum depression was 13, 2%.
The postpartum depressions are frequent among Tunisian parturients. The difference in the rates of prevalence between the two stages of evaluation was noted in other studies. This leads us to think that the relatively high rate in the first stage would be contaminated by an intense postpartum blues. However, a high rate persists at the sixth to tenth week, indicating the importance of tracking postpartum depression. This became possible by using EPDS, available in an Arab version and which should be generalized for the new mothers. This detection should be done early in postpartum or else in the later postnatal consultations. This allows an adequate treatment for the mothers, for the mother-newborn relationship and, later, for the psychological equilibrium of the child.
Gynécologie Obstétrique & Fertilité 36(7-8):782-7. · 0.52 Impact Factor