J Timoney

University of Kentucky, Lexington, Kentucky, United States

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Publications (1)2 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: The haemolytic activity of Streptococcus equi, the cause of equine strangles, was characterized. Production of haemolysin in Todd Hewitt broth was dependent on an equine serum supplement and the logarithmic phase of growth after which activity declined sharply. RNA core also induced haemolysin production from cells harvested at the end of the logarithmic phase of growth. Haemolysis was not affected by cholesterol, was only slightly increased in reducing conditions and was completely inactivated by trypan blue, identifying the haemolytic activity as streptolysin S-like (SLS-like). Purification by hydroxyapatite and Sephacryl column chromatography yielded proteins of molecular weights of approximately 6000 and 17 000-22 000 Da with a 64-fold increase in specific activity. Low molecular weight proteins from the RNA core were still present in the purified toxin. Two non-haemolytic mutants were derived by conjugation with an Enterococcus faecalis-carrying transposon Tn916. Southern blots of HindIII digests of DNA revealed that one of the mutants contained three transposon insertions and the other just one. A lambda phage library of S. equi contained plaques whose haemolytic activity was enhanced by reducing conditions and inhibited by cholesterol, suggesting a streptolysin O-like (SLO-like) activity. However, haemolysin in culture sonicates of host E. coli in which the lambda phage insert was subcloned into plasmid (pUC18), was not affected by these conditions. Seven isolates of S. equi in medium without SLS-like inducers showed no SLO-like activity and no evidence for an SLO-like toxin could be found by immunoblotting with pneumolysin antiserum and monoclonal antibodies or by polymerase chain reaction with primers derived from sequences conserved between the SLO genes of Lancefield group A, C and G streptococci. S. equi does not appear to possess a streptolysin O but does make a streptolysin S-like toxin whose production can be interrupted at just one genetic locus.
    Microbial Pathogenesis 04/1998; 24(4):211-21. DOI:10.1006/mpat.1997.0190 · 2.00 Impact Factor