ABSTRACT: Intraperitoneal (IP) cefazolin and ceftazidime are recommended as empiric treatment for peritoneal dialysis (PD)-associated peritonitis. Human peritoneal mesothelial cells (HPMCs) may be affected by high IP cefazolin and ceftazidime concentrations. Peritoneal dialysate cancer antigen-125 (CA-125) appearance rate can be used to measure HPMC damage.
To determine whether IP cefazolin and ceftazidime increase peritoneal CA-125 appearance rate.
The study consisted of 2 phases. In phase I, no antibiotic was administered, and in phase II, patients received IP cefazolin and ceftazidime (15 mg/kg rounded to nearest 100 mg). Phase II occurred immediately after phase I. Each phase used a 4-hour dwell time with 2 L of dextrose 2.5% dialysate. Dialysate samples were collected at 0, 0.5, 1, 2, and 4 hours during each phase. Samples were assayed for CA-125, and CA-125 appearance rate was calculated.
Thirteen patients were recruited (7 men; aged 44.0 +/-16.0 y). The mean +/- SD (range) CA-125 dialysate concentration after phases I and II were 6.6 +/- 3.7 U/mL (2.3-15.0) and 6.4 +/-3.8 U/mL (1.6-13.8), respectively (p = 0.46). The CA-125 appearance rate after phases I and II were 51.9 +/- 31.3 U/min/1.73 m(2) (13.8-113.0) and 50.5 +/- 32.9 U/min/1.73 m(2) (11.0-104.0), respectively (p = 0.57). The slopes of the regression lines of CA-125 appearance rate were not significantly different between phases I and II.
These findings demonstrate that concurrently administered IP cefazolin and ceftazidime have no effect on HPMC release of CA-125 in non-infected PD patients.
Annals of Pharmacotherapy 12/2004; 38(12):2035-40. · 2.13 Impact Factor