ABSTRACT: The objective of this study was to evaluate the donor-specific antibody repertoire against T and B cells and monocytes, as well as the non-donor anti-HLA, and MICA (MHC class I-related chain A) antibodies in recipients of the live related donor renal transplantation. Sera collected before and after transplantation were tested by ELISA for the presence of HLA class I- and class II-specific antibodies and by Luminex MICA single-antigen bead assay for the detection of MICA antibodies. Patients having a combination of both anti-HLA and MICA antibodies had worse graft survival and more rejection episodes as compared to the group without antibodies. Further, presence of IgG antibodies against the donor cells (T, B & monocytes) led to a compromised graft survival along with higher incidence of acute rejection as compared to the negative groups. These results suggest that a comprehensive assessment of anti-donor antibody repertoire and monitoring of anti-HLA, MICA antibodies following transplantation is a useful exercise to detect the sensitization status of the recipient and this can prove to be of immense prognostic value in renal transplantation.
Clinical transplants 01/2007;