Yan Xi

Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai, Shanghai Shi, China

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Publications (7)16.68 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Spectral computed tomography (CT) has attracted considerable attention because of its energy-resolving capability in identifying and discriminating materials. The use of a narrow energy bin can improve energy resolution. However, a narrow energy bin has high noise ratio, which degrades the imaging quality of spectral CT. To address this problem, this study exploits the structure correlations of images in the energy domain and proposed two types of united iterative reconstruction (UIR) algorithms. One type uses the well-reconstructed broad-spectrum image, with all available photons, as a constraint, whereas the other type uses a pseudo narrow-energy image, which is estimated with the use of our proposed structure-coupling (SC) method, as a constraint. The SC method utilizes local structures to connect images that are reconstructed with broad-spectrum and narrow-energy CT datasets. Given a broad-spectrum image, the SC method can accurately estimate its corresponding narrow-energy image. Results show that UIR algorithms significantly outperform conventional iterative reconstruction algorithms for narrow-energy image reconstruction in spectral CT. Among the UIR algorithms, SC-UIR yields the best results.
    IEEE Transactions on Medical Imaging 07/2014; · 4.03 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: An X-ray grating interferometer was installed at the BL13W beamline of Shanghai Synchrotron Radiation Facility (SSRF) for biomedical imaging applications. Compared with imaging results from conventional absorption-based micro-computed tomography, this set-up has shown much better soft tissue imaging capability. In particular, using the set-up, the carotid artery and the carotid vein in a formalin-fixed mouse can be visualized in situ without contrast agents, paving the way for future applications in cancer angiography studies. The overall results have demonstrated the broad prospects of the existing set-up for biomedical imaging applications at SSRF.
    Journal of Synchrotron Radiation 09/2012; 19(Pt 5):821-6. · 2.19 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: An X-ray grating interferometer has been installed at Shanghai Synchrotron Radiation Facility (SSRF). Three sets of phase gratings were designed to cover the wide X-ray energy range needed for biological and soft material imaging capabilities. The performance of the grating interferometer has been evaluated by a tomography study of a PMMA particle packing and a new born mouse chest. In the mouse chest study, the carotid artery and carotid vein inside the mouse can be identified in situ without contrast agents.
    07/2012;
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    ABSTRACT: We present an x-ray microtomography study of the compaction process of cylindrical rods under tapping. The process is monitored by measuring the evolution of the orientational order parameter, local, and overall packing densities as a function of the tapping number for different tapping intensities. The slow relaxation dynamics of the orientational order parameter can be well fitted with a stretched-exponential law with stretching exponents ranging from 0.9 to 1.6. The corresponding relaxation time versus tapping intensity follows an Arrhenius behavior which is reminiscent of the slow dynamics in thermal glassy systems. We also investigated the boundary effect on the ordering process and found that boundary rods order faster than interior ones. In searching for the underlying mechanism of the slow dynamics, we estimated the initial random velocities of the rods under tapping and found that the ordering process is compatible with a diffusion mechanism. The average coordination number as a function of the tapping number at different tapping intensities has also been measured, which spans a range from 6 to 8.
    Physical review. E, Statistical physics, plasmas, fluids, and related interdisciplinary topics 05/2012; 85(5).
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    ABSTRACT: The suture middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) model is used worldwide in both academia and industry. However, the variable occurrence of dysplasia in posterior communicating arteries (PcomAs) induces high mortality and instability in permanent MCAO models, limiting the model's application to transient focal ischemia. In particular, high mortality in intraluminal suture MCAO models is associated with the dysplasia of PcomAs in C57BL/6 mice. Optimization of silicone coating length is critical for reducing mortality and generating stable infarct in this model. The aim of our study is to reduce mortality and improve the reproducibility of the intraluminal suture MCAO model in C57BL/6 mice, which have high variation in PcomA dysplasia. Adult male C57BL/6 mice (n=38) underwent MCAO using sutures with various diameters and silicone coating lengths. The occlusion of cerebral vessels was examined by synchrotron radiation live angiography. The morphology of PcomAs was examined under a microscope after MICROFIL(®) infusion. Neurological outcome, infarct volume, and mortality were examined within 28 days. Optimizing the silicone coating on an 8-0 suture tip, we were able to reduce the model mortality to zero after permanent occlusion in C57BL/6 and produce stable brain infarct volume independent of the patency of PcomAs.
    Journal of neurotrauma 11/2011; 29(7):1499-505. · 4.25 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In the present study, we investigated the potential of gas-filled microbubbles as contrast agents for in-line x-ray phase-contrast imaging (PCI) in biomedical applications. When imaging parameters are optimized, the microbubbles function as microlenses that focus the incoming x-rays to form bright spots, which can significantly enhance the image contrast. Since microbubbles have been shown to be safe contrast agents in clinical ultrasonography, this contrast-enhancement procedure for PCI may have promising utility in biomedical applications, especially when the dose of radiation is a serious concern. In this study, we performed both numerical simulations and ex vivo experiments to investigate the formation of the contrast and the effectiveness of microbubbles as contrast agents in PCI.
    Applied Physics Letters 07/2011; 99(1):011101-011101-3. · 3.52 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The purpose of the study was to evaluate the feasibility of microbubbles as phase contrast imaging (PCI) agents for angiography applications. The hypothesis was that the introduction of microbubbles into tissue produces a significant change in the refractive index and highlights the lumen of the vessel in PCI. The absorption and phase contrast images of commercially available microbubbles were obtained and compared in vitro. A further increase in contrast was observed in PCI. Microbubbles highlighted the lumen of the renal microvessels, acting as a positive contrast medium in ex vivo imaging. In addition, home-made microbubbles with larger diameters were introduced for image contrast enhancement in living tumor-bearing mice, demonstrating the feasibility of microbubble-based x-ray phase-contrast imaging for tumor vasculature in vivo.
    Physics in Medicine and Biology 06/2011; 56(12):3503-12. · 2.70 Impact Factor