Ya-Zhuo Li

Tianjin Institute of Pharmaceutical Research, T’ien-ching-shih, Tianjin Shi, China

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Publications (3)13.22 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Over the past few years, nanoscale Chinese medicine has become one of focuses in modern Chinese medicine research. There is an increasing need for a more systematic study on the basic issues involved in traditional Chinese medicine and a more active participation of researchers in the application area of nanoscale traditional Chinese drugs. In this review, author analyzed the current applications of nanotechnology in research and development of drugs from natural products and herbal medicines involving traditional Chinese medicines, and also discussed the bio-medicinal evaluation issues on ADME including bio-distribution and metabolism of nanodrugs. Author noted that great challenges faced in nanodrugs from herb drugs and natural products are the follows: (1) the first challenge is to prepare nanodrug delivery system and quantitatively evaluate the therapeutic effects and safety; (2) the second challenge is to clarify the concrete metabolism course; and (3) the third challenge is to study the pharmacokinetics of nanodrugs.
    Current Drug Metabolism 03/2012; 13(5):659-66. · 4.41 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Herbal medicines and their active ingredients are widely used worldwide, and they have become an important part of clinical medicine. The combined use of herbs and drugs has increased the possibility of pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic interactions. Clinical studies have demonstrated that the combined use of herbs and drugs can enhance or attenuate the drug efficacy and toxicity. The herb-drug combinations may reduce a drug efficacy and lead to treatment failure when long-term administration. Case reports detailing serious clinical adverse reactions have promoted studies on the interactions between herbs and drugs. This review highlights recent knowledge to discuss herb-drug interactions involving metabolizing enzymes and drug transporters. Drug transporters are widely present in body and play an important role in the absorption, distribution, excretion and metabolism, efficacy, and toxicity of drugs. Investigation of transporters has developed rapidly since 1990s, the effects of many transporters on the pharmacokinetics of drugs and herb-drug interactions have been reported. Some concepts on drug transporters issued experimentally and clinically drug-drug and herb-drug interactions have applied in many studies. Methodology studies are very important for understanding the mechanism, considerations and evaluation of experiments and clinical studies on drug metabolizing enzymes and transporters in drug-drug interactions.
    Current Drug Metabolism 10/2011; 12(9):835-849. · 4.41 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Herbal medicines and their active ingredients are widely used worldwide, and they have become an important part of clinical medicine. The combined use of herbs and drugs has increased the possibility of pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic interactions. Clinical studies have demonstrated that the combined use of herbs and drugs can enhance or attenuate the drug efficacy and toxicity. The herb-drug combinations may reduce a drug efficacy and lead to treatment failure when long-term administration. Case reports detailing serious clinical adverse reactions have promoted studies on the interactions between herbs and drugs. This review highlights recent knowledge to discuss herb-drug interactions involving metabolizing enzymes and drug transporters. Drug transporters are widely present in body and play an important role in the absorption, distribution, excretion and metabolism, efficacy, and toxicity of drugs. Investigation of transporters has developed rapidly since 1990s, the effects of many transporters on the pharmacokinetics of drugs and herb-drug interactions have been reported. Some concepts on drug transporters issued experimentally and clinically drug-drug and herb-drug interactions have applied in many studies. Methodology studies are very important for understanding the mechanism, considerations and evaluation of experiments and clinical studies on drug metabolizing enzymes and transporters in drug-drug interactions.
    Current Drug Metabolism 05/2011; 12(9):835-49. · 4.41 Impact Factor