Xiaoxia Wang

Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai, Shanghai Shi, China

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Publications (4)10.84 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) is a potential pathway leading to podocyte depletion and proteinuria in diabetic kidney disease (DKD). Here, we investigated the protective effects of Emodin (EMO) on high glucose (HG) induced-podocyte EMT in-vitro and in-vivo. Conditionally immortalized mouse podocytes were exposed to HG with 30μg /ml of EMO and 1μmol/ml of integrin-linked kinase (ILK) inhibitor QLT0267 for 24 h. Streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetic rats were treated with EMO at 20 mg· kg(-1)· d(-1) and QLT0267 at 10 mg· kg(-1)· w(-1) p.o., for 12 weeks. Albuminuria and blood glucose level were measured. Immunohistochemistry, immunofluorescence, western blotting and real-time PCR were used to detect expression of ILK, the epithelial marker of nephrin and the mesenchymal marker of desmin in-vitro and in-vivo. HG increased podocyte ILK and desmin expression while decreased nephrin expression. However, EMO significantly inhibited ILK and desmin expression and partially restored nephrin expression in HG-stimulated podocytes. These in-vitro observations were further confirmed in-vivo. Treatment with EMO for 12 weeks attenuated albuminuria, renal histopathology and podocyte foot process effacement in diabetic rats. EMO also repressed renal ILK and desmin expression, preserved nephrin expression, as well as ameliorated albuminuria in STZ-induced diabetic rats. EMO ameliorated glucose-induced EMT and subsequent podocyte dysfunction partly through ILK and desmin inhibition as well as nephrin upregulatiotion, which might provide a potential novel therapeutic option for DKD. © 2015 S. Karger AG, Basel.
    Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry 03/2015; 35(4):1425-1436. DOI:10.1159/000373963 · 2.88 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Glomerular mesangial cell (MC) hypertrophy is regarded as one of the earliest pathological characteristics of diabetic nephropathy (DN), which plays a critical role in the pathogenesis of glomerulosclerosis. This study investigated the role of microRNAs (miRNAs) in MC hypertrophy due to exposure to high glucose. With a microarray, we screened the differential profiles of miRNAs in the renal cortex of DN mice, as verified by reverse transcription PCR with subsequent analysis of bioinformatics. We found miR-196a was downregulated remarkably in DN mice and increased the hypertrophy-related gene of p27(kip1) in high-enrichment gene ontologies. Furthermore, transfection of the miR-196a mimic greatly inhibited the expression of p27(kip1) with recovery of MC hypertrophic morphology. With flow cytometry, we also found that overexpression of miR-196a significantly reduced the percentage of G1 phase arrest in the cell cycle. Cotransfection of the miR-196a mimic with a wild type of 3' UTR of the p27(kip1) vector reduced the activity of the luciferase reporter significantly in contrast to the miR-196a mimic with a mutant of the counterpart in HEK293 cell lines, suggesting that miR-196a directly targets p27(kip1). Finally, knockdown of p27(kip1) with specific small interfering RNA in MCs substantially reversed MC hypertrophy induced by transfection of the miR-196a inhibitor. This study revealed that miR-196a acts as an important molecular regulator in high glucose-induced MC hypertrophy by targeting p27(kip1). © 2015 Society for Laboratory Automation and Screening.
    Journal of the Association for Laboratory Automation 02/2015; 20(4). DOI:10.1177/2211068215569055 · 1.50 Impact Factor
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    Dongsheng Cheng · Yang Fei · Yumei Liu · Junhui Li · Qin Xue · Xiaoxia Wang · Niansong Wang ·
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    ABSTRACT: To explore the association between glycated hemoglobin (A1C) variability and renal disease progression in patients with diabetes mellitus. A comprehensive search was performed using the PubMed and Embase databases (up to April 26, 2014). The hazard ratio (HR) was pooled per unit increase in the standard deviation of A1C (A1C-SD) to evaluate the dose-response relationship between A1C-SD and the risk of nephropathy. Eight studies with a total of 17,758 subjects provided the HR for A1C-SD and were included in the final meta-analysis. The pooled HR results demonstrated that A1C-SD was significantly associated with the progression of renal status (HR for both T1DM and T2DM 1.43, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.24-1.64; HR for T1DM 1.70, 95%CI 1.41-2.05; HR for T2DM 1.20, 95%CI 1.12-1.28). A1C-SD was significantly correlated with new-onset microalbuminuria (HR for T1DM 1.63, 95%CI 1.28-2.07; HR for T2DM 1.23, 95%CI 1.08-1.39). These outcomes were also supported in subgroup analyses. Furthermore, sensitivity analyses demonstrated that the results were robust. A1C variability is independently associated with the development of microalbuminuria and the progression of renal status in both type 1 and 2 diabetes patients. A standard method for measuring A1C variability is essential for further and deeper analyses. In addition, future studies should assess the effect of reducing A1C variability on nephropathy complication.
    PLoS ONE 12/2014; 9(12):e115509. DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0115509 · 3.23 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Objective To perform a systematic review and meta-analysis regarding the efficacy and safety of dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DDP-4) inhibitors (“gliptins”) for the treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) patients with moderate to severe renal impairment. Methods All available randomized-controlled trials (RCTs) that assessed the efficacy and safety of DDP-4 inhibitors compared with placebo, no treatment, or active drugs were identified using PubMed, EMBASE, Cochrane CENTRAL, conference abstracts, clinical trials.gov, pharmaceutical company websites, the FDA, and the EMA (up to June 2014). Two independent reviewers extracted the data, and a random-effects model was applied to estimate summary effects. Results Thirteen reports of ten studies with a total of 1,915 participants were included in the final analysis. Compared with placebo or no treatment, DPP-4 inhibitors reduced HbA1c significantly (−0.52%, 95%CI −0.64 to −0.39) and had no increased risk of hypoglycemia (RR 1.10, 95%CI 0.92 to 1.32) or weight gain. In contrast to glipizide monotherapy, DPP-4 inhibitors showed no difference in HbA1c lowering effect (−0.08%, 95% CI −0.40 to 0.25) but had a lower incidence of hypoglycemia (RR 0.40, 95%CI 0.23 to 0.69). Furthermore, DPP-4 inhibitors were well-tolerated, without any additional mortality and adverse events. However, the quality of evidence was mostly as low, as assessed using the GRADE system for each outcome. Conclusions DPP-4 inhibitors are effective at lowering HbA1c in T2DM patients with moderate to severe renal impairment. DPP-4 inhibitors also have a potential advantage in lowering the risk of adverse events. Regarding the low quality of the evidence according to GRADE, additional well-designed randomized trials that focus on the safety and efficacy of DPP-4 inhibitors in various CKD stages are needed urgently.
    PLoS ONE 10/2014; 9(10):e111543. DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0111543 · 3.23 Impact Factor