ABSTRACT: In barley (Hordeum vulgare L. cv. Himalaya) aleurone layers, heat shock causes the selective suppression of α-amylase synthesis by destabilizing this secretory protein's mRNA. The lamellar stacks of the endoplasmic reticulum (ER), which serve as the site of α-amylase mRNA translation, are dissociated by heat shock, suggesting that heat-shock-induced changes in ER may be important in selectively targeting α-amylase mRNAs for destabilization. We have found that samples maintained at heat-shock temperature (40°C) for 18 h recover the ability to synthesize α-amylase and that the ER membranes in these samples contain membrane phospholipids with enhanced levels of fatty acid saturation. This present study investigated whether gradual warming to 40°C over 3-6 h (ramping) would preserve α-amylase synthesis by permitting ER membrane phospholipid retailoring during the gradual temperature increase. Analyses by sodium dodecyl-sulfate polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis revealed that α-amylase synthesis was markedly increased in ramped samples. Furthermore, northern hybridization analyses and transmission electron microscopy showed that these samples had increased α-amylase mRNA levels and stacks of ER lamellae, respectively. Gas chromatographic analyses of ER membrane phospholipids indicated that the fatty acids of ramped samples were more saturated than their heat-shocked counterparts. These data indicate that heat-induced increases in aleurone ER membrane phospholipid fatty acid saturation may be important in maintaining secretory protein expression at normally nonpermissive heat-shock temperatures.
American Journal of Botany 03/2002; 89(3):401-9. · 2.66 Impact Factor