Thrombin is a powerful agonist for a variety of cellular responses including platelet aggregation and vascular smooth muscle cell (SMC) proliferation. These actions are mediated by a thrombin receptor known as protease-activated receptor-1 (PAR-1). Recently we discovered that 1-(3-tert-butyl-4-methoxy-5-morpholinophenyl)-2-(5,6-diethoxy-7-fluoro-1-imino-1,3-dihydro-2H-isoindol-2-yl)ethanone hydrobromide (E5555, atopaxar) is a potent and selective thrombin receptor antagonist. This study characterized the pharmacological effects of E5555 on SMC proliferation in vitro and in a rat model of intimal thickening after balloon injury in vivo. E5555 selectively inhibited rat aortic SMC proliferation induced by thrombin and thrombin receptor-activating peptide (TRAP) with half maximal inhibitory concentration (IC(50)) values of 0.16 and 0.038 μM, respectively. E5555 did not inhibit rat SMC proliferation induced by basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) and platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) at concentrations up to 1μM. In addition, E5555 inhibited human aortic SMC proliferation induced by thrombin at concentrations of 0.3 and 3units/ml with IC(50) values of 0.028 and 0.079 μM, respectively, whereas it did not affect bFGF-induced proliferation at concentrations up to 1μM. Repeated oral administration of 30 mg/kg E5555 (once daily for 16 days) significantly reduced neointimal formation in the balloon-injured rat arterial model. These results suggested that a PAR-1 antagonist could be effective for treating restenosis following vascular intervention in addition to preventing thrombus formation. E5555 could thus have therapeutic potential for restenosis and chronic atherothrombotic disease.
European journal of pharmacology 05/2011; 666(1-3):158-64. DOI:10.1016/j.ejphar.2011.05.034 · 2.59 Impact Factor
Journal of the American College of Cardiology 03/2004; 43(5). DOI:10.1016/S0735-1097(04)90284-7 · 15.34 Impact Factor