[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Neutrophils enter the peripheral blood from the bone marrow and die after a short time. Molecular analysis of spontaneous neutrophil apoptosis is difficult as these cells die rapidly and cannot be easily manipulated. We use conditional Hoxb8 expression to generate mouse neutrophils and test the regulation of apoptosis by extensive manipulation of B-cell lymphoma protein 2 (Bcl-2)-family proteins. Spontaneous apoptosis was preceded by downregulation of anti-apoptotic Bcl-2 proteins. Loss of the pro-apoptotic Bcl-2 homology domain (BH3)-only protein Bcl-2-interacting mediator of cell death (Bim) gave some protection, but only neutrophils deficient in both BH3-only proteins, Bim and Noxa, were strongly protected against apoptosis. Function of Noxa was at least in part neutralization of induced myeloid leukemia cell differentiation protein (Mcl-1) in neutrophils and progenitors. Loss of Bim and Noxa preserved neutrophil function in culture, and apoptosis-resistant cells remained in circulation in mice. Apoptosis regulated by Bim- and Noxa-driven loss of Mcl-1 is thus the final step in neutrophil differentiation, required for the termination of neutrophil function and neutrophil-dependent inflammation.
Cell death and differentiation 06/2011; 18(11):1805-14. · 8.24 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Fas-associated protein with death domain/mediator of receptor induced toxicity (FADD/MORT1) was first described as a transducer of death receptor signalling but was later recognized also to be important for proliferation of T cells. B-cell lymphoma 3 (Bcl-3) is a relatively little understood member of the nuclear factor (NF)-kappaB family of transcription factors. We recently found that Bcl-3 is up-regulated in T cells from mice where FADD function is blocked by a dominant negative transgene (FADD-DN). To understand the importance of this, we generated FADD-DN/bcl-3(-/-) mice. Here, we report that T cells from these mice show massive cell death and severely reduced proliferation in response to T-cell receptor (TCR) stimulation in vitro. Transgenic co-expression of Bcl-2 (FADD-DN/bcl-3(-/-)/vav-bcl-2 mice) rescued the survival but not the proliferation of T cells. FADD-DN/bcl-3(-/-) mice had normal thymocyte numbers but reduced numbers of peripheral T cells despite an increase in cycling T cells in vivo. However, activation of the classical NF-kappaB and extracellular regulated kinase (ERK) pathways and expression of interleukin (IL)-2 mRNA upon stimulation were normal in T cells from FADD-DN/bcl-3(-/-) mice. These data suggest that FADD and Bcl-3 regulate separate pathways that both contribute to survival and proliferation in mouse T cells.