ABSTRACT: To describe bypass to perigeniculate vessels for limb salvage.
Retrospective cohort study.
Between 1995 and 2009, 47 bypass procedures to perigeniculate collateral arteries were performed in 46 patients (15 women, 31 men; median age, 68 years). All patients presented with critical ischaemia (tissue loss in 87.5%, rest pain in 12.5%). Mean ankle brachial index was 0.27 ± 0.17. The site of distal anastomosis was the descending genicular artery (DGA) in 23 bypasses (1 bilateral) and the medial sural artery (MSA) in 24. Proximal anastomosis was to the external iliac artery in 2 cases, common femoral artery in 23 cases, superficial femoral artery in 8 cases, deep femoral artery in 8 cases, above-knee poplitaeal artery in 2 cases, and previous graft in 4 cases.
There were four deaths during the immediate postoperative period. Mean follow-up duration was 27 months. Ten patients required major amputation. Mean ankle brachial index post-operatively was 0.60 ± 0.21. At 3 years, primary patency was 74.7 ± 7%, secondary patency was 83.4 ± 8%, and the limb salvage and survival rates were 73.5 ± 7% and 77.4 ± 7%, respectively.
Bypass to perigeniculate arteries is a viable treatment option for critical limb ischaemia in selected patients.
European journal of vascular and endovascular surgery: the official journal of the European Society for Vascular Surgery 05/2011; 42(3):374-8. · 2.92 Impact Factor