Mouied Al Ashari

Tawam Hospital, Al Ain, Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates

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Publications (2)3.73 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Given that Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) often inhabits human tonsils and adenoids, it remains to be distinctively determined its prevalence and in which cell and microenvironment the virus is present. To determine the prevalence of EBV in the tonsils and adenoids of the United Arab Emirates (UAE) nationals and to provide a basis for understanding the origin and biology of EBV-infected cells, the immunophenotype of all EBV-infected cells in 46 tonsils and 46 adenoids was determined by EBER in situ hybridization and immunohistochemistry with monoclonal antibodies to T cells (CD3), B cells (CD20), and epithelial cells (cytokeratin AE1/AE3), as well as immunostaining with antibodies to EBV latent membrane protein-1 (LMP-1). EBV was found in 43% of tonsillectomy specimens and 15% of adenoidectomy specimens. All EBV-infected cells were found to be B lymphocytes. About 90% of the infected B cells are found in the interfollicular regions of tonsils and adenoids and the remaining 10% are found within the follicles. There is no significant association between EBV infection, age (P=0.324) and gender (P=0.442). EBV is associated with tonsillar hypertrophy and is prevalent in 43% of our cases. EBV is only detected in B lymphocytes and we believe that B lymphocytes are sites of primary infection and latency. In situ hybridization is the gold standard for the detection of EBV in tissue.
    International journal of pediatric otorhinolaryngology 09/2011; 75(9):1160-6. · 0.85 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The pathogenesis of breast cancer is unknown. In recent years, a number of studies have implicated a role for Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) in a subset of cases. However, these findings are controversial and others have failed to find any link between the virus and this malignancy. We hypothesized that technical differences and the different type and ethnic origin of the cases may be the cause of the disparities reported. Using a highly sensitive EBER-in situ hybridization and immunohistochemistry, we examined 219 samples (158 malignant and 61 non-malignant) from 61 Emirati breast cancer cases to determine if EBV was etiologically associated with Emirati cases and if there was any correlation with other established prognostic factors such as age, histological type, lymph node metastasis, estrogen, progesterone and HER2 expression. We found 47.5% of the cases to be EBV positive, but the virus was localized to occasional infiltrating lymphocytes and not in the malignant cells. EBV lymphocytes were more commonly observed in lymph nodes than in breast tissues, but there was no correlation with malignancy or hormone status. The mean age of our patients was 48years and hormone receptor staining revealed 20% of the cases to be triple negative (ER-/PR-/HER2-). We conclude that although EBV can be detected in breast cancer cases, it is not directly associated with the disease. Thus, a PCR-based approach cannot be used to link this ubiquitous virus to the pathogenesis of breast cancer. Furthermore, we do not find any correlation between the presence of EBV in infiltrating lymphocytes and ER, PR, HER2 expression. We believe our findings will help explain some of the controversies relating to the role of EBV in the pathogenesis of breast cancer.
    Experimental and Molecular Pathology 05/2011; 91(1):466-70. · 2.88 Impact Factor