[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: N6-Isopentenyladenine (L1) was subjected to variously acidic media in 0.1 M, 1 M and 2 M HCl. In dependence on the acidity of the medium, the formation of three main acid hydrolysis products, involving the N6-isopentenyladeninium (HL1) (1), 7,8,9,10-tetrahydro-7,7-dimethyl-3H-pyrimido[2,1-i]purin-6-ium (HL2) (2) or 5-amino-4-(4,4-dimethyl-3,4,5,6-tetrahydropyrimidin-2-yl)-imidazolium (H(2)L3) (3-5) cations, were determined and characterized by multinuclear solution-state NMR spectroscopy and in the solid state by single crystal X-ray analysis. The coordination abilities of these transformation products have been also investigated. The compounds of the compositions [Zn(HL1)Cl(3)]·H(2)O (1), [Zn(3)(HL2)(2)Cl(8)] (2), (H(2)L3)[CuCl(4)] (4) and (H(2)L3)[ZnCl(4)] (5) have been prepared in dependence on the acidity of the medium used by the reactions of L1 with ZnCl(2)·1.5H(2)O or CuCl(2)·2H(2)O. Based on the NMR spectroscopic and X-ray crystallographic results, the mechanism of transformation of L1 in the acidic medium, involving the protonation, cyclization and ring fission, has been suggested.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The synthesis, characterization and biological activity of the first zinc(II) complexes with potent inhibitors of cyclin-dependent kinases (CDKs) derived from 6-benzylaminopurine are described. Based on the results following from elemental analyses, infrared, NMR and ES+MS (electrospray mass spectra in the positive ion mode) spectroscopies, conductivity data, thermal analysis and X-ray structures, the tetrahedral Zn(II) complexes of the compositions [Zn(Olo)Cl(2)](n) (1), [Zn(iprOlo)Cl(2)](n) (2), [Zn(BohH(+))Cl(3)] x H(2)O (3) and [Zn(iprOloH(+))Cl(3)] x H(2)O (4) have been prepared, where Olo=2-(2-hydroxyethylamino)-6-benzylamino-9-methylpurine (Olomoucine), iprOlo=2-(2-hydroxyethylamino)-6-benzylamino-9-isopropylpurine (i-propyl-Olomoucine), Boh=2-(3-hydroxypropylamino)-6-benzylamino-9-isopropylpurine (Bohemine). The 1D-polymeric chain structure for [Zn(Olo)Cl(2)](n) (1) as well as the monomeric one for [Zn(BohH(+))Cl(3)] x H(2)O (3) and [Zn(iprOloH(+))Cl(3)] x H(2)O (4) have been revealed unambiguously by single crystal X-ray analyses. The 1D-polymeric chain of 1 consists of Zn(Olo)Cl(2) monomeric units in which the Zn(II) ion is coordinated by two chlorine atoms and one oxygen atom of the 2-hydroxyethylamino group of Olomoucine. The next monomeric unit is bonded to Zn(II) through the N7 atom of a purine ring. Thus, each of Zn(II) ions is tetrahedrally coordinated and a ZnCl(2)NO chromophore occurs in the complex 1. The complexes 3 and 4 are mononuclear species with a distorted tetrahedral arrangement of donor atoms around the Zn(II) ion with a ZnCl(3)N chromophore. The corresponding CDK inhibitor, i.e., both Boh and iprOlo, is coordinated to Zn(II) via the N7 atom of the purine ring in 3 and 4. The cytotoxicity of the zinc(II) complexes against human melanoma, sarcoma, leukaemia and carcinoma cell lines has been determined as well as the inhibition of the CDK2/cyclin E kinase. A relationship between the structure and biological activity of the complexes is also discussed.