Marcella Pellegrino

Catholic University of the Sacred Heart , Milano, Lombardy, Italy

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Publications (8)11.69 Total impact

  • Reproductive Toxicology 11/2015; 57:223. DOI:10.1016/j.reprotox.2015.06.033 · 3.23 Impact Factor
  • L. D’Oria · M. Pellegrino · C. De Luca · A. Licameli · A. Caruso · M. De Santis ·

    Reproductive Toxicology 11/2015; 57:222-223. DOI:10.1016/j.reprotox.2015.06.032 · 3.23 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Listeria monocytogenes, a Gram-positive bacterium, is responsible for human listeriosis. Infection with Listeria has been associated with the consumption of contaminated and/or inadequately cooked food, particularly dairy products, leafy vegetables, fish, and meat. The main clinical manifestations include diarrhea, nausea and vomiting, which are usually followed by fever and flu-like symptoms. Listeriosis affects pregnant women in about one in seven (14%) cases. They are approximately 10 times more likely to catch the disease than the general population. Although Listeria infection during pregnancy is usually uncomplicated for the mother, fetal and neonatal infection can be severe and fatal. Animal studies have shown a dose-response relationship between L. monocytogenes bacterial load and adverse pregnancy outcome, mainly pregnancy loss. Fetal and neonatal infection occurs through the transplacental passage of the bacterium or through exposure in the perinatal period. In pregnant women Listeria infection was associated with fetal loss, preterm birth, neonatal infection or neonatal death. Blood culture is the principal diagnostic tool and the antibiotic of choice for the treatment of listeriosis is penicillin, with high doses injected intravenously for at least 14 days. In case of suspected or confirmed maternal listeriosis, a program of fetal surveillance should be implemented. Common fetal ultrasound findings in listeria infection include non-immune hydrops, intracranial calcifications, and intrauterine fetal demise. Strategies for the prevention of listeriosis, including avoiding unpasteurized dairy products, uncooked food and leftover food, have significantly decreased the number of cases of infection. Prevention in pregnant women can be achieved by sticking to prophylactic measures and strict diet recommendations.
    The Open Infectious Diseases Journal 05/2015; 9(1):20-25. DOI:10.2174/1874279301509010020

  • 05/2015; 3(2). DOI:10.5812/rijm.3(2)2015.27508
  • G Noia · M Pellegrino · L Masini · D Visconti · C Manzoni · G Chiaradia · A Caruso ·
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    ABSTRACT: To evaluate the natural history of cystic hygroma (CH) in fetal and neonatal periods to enrich parental counselling. Ultrasonographic characteristics, associated syndromes, chromosomal anomalies, fetal cardiac pathology and life after birth were considered. From May 1985 to September 2010, 207 pregnancies were seen the authors' centre with suspected vascular-lymphatic fetal malformation: 156 of them had CH. Cases were followed up by telephone interview to determine fetal and neonatal outcomes. Chi-squared test was used for statistical analysis. Among the 156 cases of CH, the condition was septated in 75% of cases, associated with other pathologies in 74%, and retronuchal in 88%. Intrauterine regression was seen in 36% of cases, with complete disappearance in 77%. The karyotype was normal in 55% of cases. Follow-up was completed in 85 cases and revealed 54 spontaneous abortions (63%) and 31 live births (37%). Amongst these, 21 out of 31 children had a favourable outcome (68%). A negative embryo-fetal outcome was significantly associated with CH being associated with other pathologies, such as hydrops, retronuchal position and altered karyotype. Spontaneous regression or resolution of CH was associated with live births. The management of pregnancies with a diagnosis of fetal CH requires knowledge of natural history of the malformation for appropriate parental counselling.
    European journal of obstetrics, gynecology, and reproductive biology 08/2013; 170(2). DOI:10.1016/j.ejogrb.2013.07.043 · 1.70 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The ultrasonographic detection of renal anomalies may modify obstetric management and facilitate pediatric care of the newborn. We performed prenatal differential diagnosis of an isolated unilateral cystic renal mass (71 × 74 × 82 mm) in a pregnant woman at 26 weeks of gestation. No other abnormalities were detected by ultrasonography, except for polyhydramnios. Repeated percutaneous cyst aspirations were required because of the increasing risk of vital organ damage. Postnatal nephroureterectomy was performed. Anatomopathologic analysis led to the diagnosis of segmental renal dysplasia, which could not be included in any of the four groups of Potter's classification of cystic renal dysplasia.
    Fetal and pediatric pathology 05/2013; 32(6). DOI:10.3109/15513815.2013.799251 · 0.48 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A great number of newborns with spina bifida now survive with a growing life expectancy. Support with regard to sexual issues is essential in the management of adolescents with spina bifida, who require specific knowledge of sexual problems related to their disability. Women with spina bifida are usually fertile and need pre-conception counseling. Furthermore, compared to healthy women they have a higher chance of conceiving a child with spina bifida, so they are treated with periconceptional folic acid supplements. In addition pregnancies in women with spina bifida require adequate management of secondary conditions, mainly urological issues, which are exacerbated during pregnancy. This article gives an overview of sexual education, sex functioning and sexual activity among adolescents with spina bifida. Moreover, we aim to support young women with spina bifida, providing pre-conception counseling and practical guidelines essential for the urological management of their pregnancy.
    European journal of obstetrics, gynecology, and reproductive biology 04/2012; 163(2):129-33. DOI:10.1016/j.ejogrb.2012.04.003 · 1.70 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To show the validity of prenatal invasive surgical intervention when a fetal ovarian cyst is diagnosed, compared to a wait and see attitude, in order to avoid possible prenatal and postnatal complications. Fourteen cases of intra-abdominal cysts monitored in our center between April 2005 and November 2010. All cases were first diagnosed in the third trimester, and were monitored for the remainder of the pregnancy and after delivery (2 months-3 years postnatally). SURGICAL INTERVENTION: Upon maternal and fetal cutaneous anesthesia performed trans-amniotically, the cystic fluid (mean contents 43.85 cc, DS 46.27) was extracted for cytological, biochemical, and hormonal examination. Thirteen cases of intra-abdominal cysts (92.8%) were fetal ovarian cysts. Ninety-two percent of pregnancies bearing such a condition were successfully concluded (n = 12). Sixty-nine percent concluded in vaginal delivery (n = 9). None experienced maternal and/or fetal complications. Every drained cyst had an estradiol concentration higher than 10,000 pg/ml. The aspiration of ovarian cysts exceeding a 40 mm diameter, performed as early as possible, allows a good longitudinal treatment of this fetal affection, thus avoiding torsion, tissue necrosis, and invasive postnatal surgery, as well as giving hope of future gestational capability to the fetus/newborn.
    The journal of maternal-fetal & neonatal medicine: the official journal of the European Association of Perinatal Medicine, the Federation of Asia and Oceania Perinatal Societies, the International Society of Perinatal Obstetricians 05/2011; 25(3):299-303. DOI:10.3109/14767058.2011.574300 · 1.37 Impact Factor