Colosimo MT

Sapienza University of Rome, Roma, Latium, Italy

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Publications (9)25.25 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Nowadays, better immunosuppressors have decreased the rates of acute rejection in kidney transplantation, but have also led to the emergence of BKV-associated nephropathy (BKVAN). Therefore, we prospectively investigated BKV load in plasma and urine samples in a cohort of kidney transplants, receiving basiliximab combined with a mycophenolate mofetil-based triple immunotherapy, to evaluate the difference between BKV replication during the first 3 months post-transplantation, characterized by the non-depleting action of basiliximab, versus the second 3 months, in which the maintenance therapy acts alone. We also performed sequencing analysis to assess whether a particular BKV subtype/subgroup or transcriptional control region (TCR) variants were present. METHODS: We monitored BK viruria and viremia by quantitative polymerase chain reaction (Q-PCR) at 12 hours (Tx), 1 (T1), 3 (T2) and 6 (T3) months post-transplantation among 60 kidney transplant patients. Sequencing analysis was performed by nested-PCR with specific primers for TCR and VP1 regions. Data were statistically analyzed using χ² test and Student's t-test. RESULTS: BKV was detected at Tx in 4/60 urine and in 16/60 plasma, with median viral loads of 3.70 log GEq/mL and 3.79 log GEq/mL, respectively, followed by a significant increase of both BKV-positive transplants (32/60) and median values of viruria (5.78 log GEq/mL) and viremia (4.52 log GEq/mL) at T2. Conversely, a significantly decrease of patients with viruria and viremia (17/60) was observed at T3, together with a reduction of the median urinary and plasma viral loads (4.09 log GEq/mL and 4.00 log GEq/mL, respectively). BKV TCR sequence analysis always showed the presence of archetypal sequences, with a few single-nucleotide substitutions and one nucleotide insertion that, interestingly, were all representative of the particular subtypes/subgroups we identified by VP1 sequencing analysis: I/b-2 and IV/c-2. CONCLUSIONS: Our results confirm previous studies indicating that BKV replication may occur during the early hours after kidney transplantation, reaches the highest incidence in the third post-transplantation month and then decreases within the sixth month, maybe due to induction therapy. Moreover, it might become clinically useful whether specific BKV subtypes or rearrangements could be linked to a particular disease state in order to detect them before BKVAN onset.
    Virology Journal 08/2011; 8:407. · 2.09 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Nowadays, better immunosuppressors have decreased the rates of acute rejection in kidney transplantation, but have also led to the emergence of BKV-associated nephropathy (BKVAN). Therefore, we prospectively investigated BKV load in plasma and urine samples in a cohort of kidney transplants, receiving basiliximab combined with a mycophenolate mofetil-based triple immunotherapy, to evaluate the difference between BKV replication during the first 3 months post-transplantation, characterized by the non-depleting action of basiliximab, versus the second 3 months, in which the maintenance therapy acts alone. We also performed sequencing analysis to assess whether a particular BKV subtype/subgroup or transcriptional control region (TCR) variants were present. We monitored BK viruria and viremia by quantitative polymerase chain reaction (Q-PCR) at 12 hours (Tx), 1 (T1), 3 (T2) and 6 (T3) months post-transplantation among 60 kidney transplant patients. Sequencing analysis was performed by nested-PCR with specific primers for TCR and VP1 regions. Data were statistically analyzed using χ² test and Student's t-test. BKV was detected at Tx in 4/60 urine and in 16/60 plasma, with median viral loads of 3.70 log GEq/mL and 3.79 log GEq/mL, respectively, followed by a significant increase of both BKV-positive transplants (32/60) and median values of viruria (5.78 log GEq/mL) and viremia (4.52 log GEq/mL) at T2. Conversely, a significantly decrease of patients with viruria and viremia (17/60) was observed at T3, together with a reduction of the median urinary and plasma viral loads (4.09 log GEq/mL and 4.00 log GEq/mL, respectively). BKV TCR sequence analysis always showed the presence of archetypal sequences, with a few single-nucleotide substitutions and one nucleotide insertion that, interestingly, were all representative of the particular subtypes/subgroups we identified by VP1 sequencing analysis: I/b-2 and IV/c-2. Our results confirm previous studies indicating that BKV replication may occur during the early hours after kidney transplantation, reaches the highest incidence in the third post-transplantation month and then decreases within the sixth month, maybe due to induction therapy. Moreover, it might become clinically useful whether specific BKV subtypes or rearrangements could be linked to a particular disease state in order to detect them before BKVAN onset.
    Virology Journal 08/2011; 8:407. · 2.09 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The recent introduction of monoclonal antibodies in Crohn's disease (CD) management has been associated with the development of serious complications, such as the progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy (PML), caused by JC polyomavirus (JCV) reactivation. Therefore, the aims of our study have been the investigation of the possible JCV reactivation in pediatric CD patients treated or not with infliximab, performing quantitative PCR in urine, plasma, and intestinal biopsies at the time of recruitment (t0) and every 4 months in 1 year of follow-up (t1, t2, and t3), and the analysis of the JCV noncoding control region (NCCR) to detect cellular transcription factors binding site mutations. Results obtained showed that, in urine and ileal specimens, JCV load significantly increased in infliximab-treated patients after 1 year of treatment (t3), while viremia was significantly higher at t1. JCV NCCR sequence analysis showed a structure similar to CY archetype in 65/80 analyzed sequences, but the remaining 15/80, obtained exclusively from plasma and biopsies, evidenced a CY NCCR organization with two recurrent nucleotide changes, the 37-T to G transversion in box A Spi-B binding site and the 217-G to A transition in box F, and a box D deletion. These rearrangements were always found at t3 within seven infliximab-treated CD patients, who presented a very severe disease at t0. We can conclude that our rearranged NCCR sequences could be considered a marker of JCV virulence during mAb treatment, although none of our examined patients developed PML, and further studies on a larger cohort of patients should be performed.
    Journal of NeuroVirology 08/2011; 7(4):303-313. · 2.85 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The recent introduction of monoclonal antibodies in Crohn's disease (CD) management has been associated with the development of serious complications, such as the progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy (PML), caused by JC polyomavirus (JCV) reactivation. Therefore, the aims of our study have been the investigation of the possible JCV reactivation in pediatric CD patients treated or not with infliximab, performing quantitative PCR in urine, plasma, and intestinal biopsies at the time of recruitment (t0) and every 4 months in 1 year of follow-up (t1, t2, and t3), and the analysis of the JCV noncoding control region (NCCR) to detect cellular transcription factors binding site mutations. Results obtained showed that, in urine and ileal specimens, JCV load significantly increased in infliximab-treated patients after 1 year of treatment (t3), while viremia was significantly higher at t1. JCV NCCR sequence analysis showed a structure similar to CY archetype in 65/80 analyzed sequences, but the remaining 15/80, obtained exclusively from plasma and biopsies, evidenced a CY NCCR organization with two recurrent nucleotide changes, the 37-T to G transversion in box A Spi-B binding site and the 217-G to A transition in box F, and a box D deletion. These rearrangements were always found at t3 within seven infliximab-treated CD patients, who presented a very severe disease at t0. We can conclude that our rearranged NCCR sequences could be considered a marker of JCV virulence during mAb treatment, although none of our examined patients developed PML, and further studies on a larger cohort of patients should be performed.
    Journal of NeuroVirology 05/2011; 17(4):303-13. · 2.85 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Polyomavirus-associated nephropathy (PVAN) has a predilection for kidney rather than for other solid organ transplants such as the liver. Immunosuppression is widely recognized to be a major risk factor for PVAN development. Since end-stage liver disease (ESLD) patients are immunocompromised and immunosuppression is a major cause of BK virus reactivation, we sought to evaluate BK virus replication in patients listed for liver transplantation. From April to October 2010, we enrolled 20 patients listed for liver transplantation. BK virus load was measured by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction on plasma and urine samples. Viremia occurred in only 1 among 20 patients. We hypothesized that in ESLD patients, the low prevalence of BK virus infection may be related to the prevalent impairment of antibacterial immunity rather than to the viral-specific one. In BK virus reactivation, not only the immunodepressive state itself, but also the specific immunologic mechanisms involved may have a role.
    Transplantation Proceedings 05/2011; 43(4):1142-4. · 0.95 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: This is a report concerning human polyomavirus JC (JCV) reactivation in a pediatric patient with Crohn's disease (CD) during the treatment with 5-aminosalicylic acid (5-ASA), a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID). We examined 9 bioptic samples from three different bowel districts (ileum, cecum, rectum) of this child. These samples were analyzed by Quantitative PCR (Q-PCR) to investigate the presence of JCV DNA. JCV DNA was detected in one rectum biopsy taken two months after 5-ASA treatment. Although our result must be validated in a larger group of subjects and with a longer follow-up period, it underlines the importance of JVC monitoring in CD patients.
    International journal of immunopathology and pharmacology 09/2010; 23(3):955-959. · 2.99 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Although the remarkable efficacy of biological therapy has resulted in significant success in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) management, susceptibility to infections remains a concern. The biological agents include the tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) inhibitors, for instance infliximab, and other immunomodulating agents, such as natalizumab. Progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy (PML), a rare but mostly fatal opportunistic brain infection caused by reactivation of the human polyomavirus JC virus (JCV), has been found in two patients with multiple sclerosis and one patient with Crohn's disease (CD), linked to treatment with natalizumab. After these cases of PML, the commercial and investigational use of natalizumab was suspended in February 2005 but was subsequently resumed for multiple sclerosis and for CD, only through a special restricted distribution program. This review, starting from an extensive literature search by the PubMed database, resumes the clinical aspects and pathophysiology of CD and focuses on the biologics in current use in CD (infliximab, adalimumab, and natalizumab), in order to provide a reference and gateway to prevention, recognition, and management of JCV, in the early years of biological agents therapy. It also proposed to provide an overview on the hypothetical mechanism of reactivation of JC virus related to the use of these drugs.
    Journal of Cellular Physiology 08/2010; 224(2):316-26. · 4.22 Impact Factor
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    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Although the remarkable efficacy of biological therapy has resulted in significant success in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) management, susceptibility to infections remains a concern. The biological agents include the tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) inhibitors, for instance infliximab, and other immunomodulating agents, such as natalizumab. Progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy (PML), a rare but mostly fatal opportunistic brain infection caused by reactivation of the human polyomavirus JC virus (JCV), has been found in two patients with multiple sclerosis and one patient with Crohn's disease (CD), linked to treatment with natalizumab. After these cases of PML, the commercial and investigational use of natalizumab was suspended in February 2005 but was subsequently resumed for multiple sclerosis and for CD, only through a special restricted distribution program. This review, starting from an extensive literature search by the PubMed database, resumes the clinical aspects and pathophysiology of CD and focuses on the biologics in current use in CD (infliximab, adalimumab, and natalizumab), in order to provide a reference and gateway to prevention, recognition, and management of JCV, in the early years of biological agents therapy. It also proposed to provide an overview on the hypothetical mechanism of reactivation of JC virus related to the use of these drugs.
    Journal of Cellular Physiology 08/2010; 224(2):316-326. · 4.22 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: This is a report concerning human polyomavirus JC (JCV) reactivation in a pediatric patient with Crohn's disease (CD) during the treatment with 5-aminosalicylic acid (5-ASA), a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID). We examined 9 bioptic samples from three different bowel districts (ileum, cecum, rectum) of this child. These samples were analyzed by Quantitative PCR (Q-PCR) to investigate the presence of JCV DNA. JCV DNA was detected in one rectum biopsy taken two months after 5-ASA treatment. Although our result must be validated in a larger group of subjects and with a longer follow-up period, it underlines the importance of JVC monitoring in CD patients.
    International journal of immunopathology and pharmacology 23(3):955-9. · 2.99 Impact Factor