Publications (2)0 Total impact
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ABSTRACT: To determine the potential of the high mobility group box-1 protein 1 (HMGB1) to activate Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) signaling in hepatic stellate cells (HSCs) and investigate the subsequent transition of HSC towards the inflammatory phenotype. Three immortalized mouse HSC cell lines, wild-type (JS1), TLR4-/- (JS2) and MyD88-/- (JS3), were subcultured in plates and divided into groups of normal control (untreated), postive control (lipopolysaccaride, LPS treatment), and experimental (HMGB1 treatment). All groups were transfected with luciferase reporter plasmids carrying responsive elements for either the nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-kB) or activator protein-1 AP-1 transcription factors. Following stimulation with normal saline, LPS (100 ng/mL) or HMGB1 (100 ng/mL), the activation of NF-kB or AP-1 was detected by a dual-luciferase reporter assay system. The induction of monocyte chemotactic protein-1 (MCP-1) transcription was determined by measuring the mRNA levels using real time quantitative reverse transcription PCR (qRT-PCR). The secreted protein levels of MCP-1 were determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) of the culture supernatants. Activation of NF-kB- and AP-1-responsive reporters was significantly up-regulated in JS1 cells treated with HMGB1 or LPS, and the activation was coincident with markedly up-regulated transcription and secretion of MCP-1. However, HMGB1 and LPS treatment produced no responsive of the NF-kB and AP-1 reporters, and no increase in expression or secretion of MCP-1, in JS2 or JS3 cells. As an endogeous ligand of TLR4, HMGB1 may activate TLR4 signaling and the TLR4-mediated inflammatory response of HSC.Zhonghua gan zang bing za zhi = Zhonghua ganzangbing zazhi = Chinese journal of hepatology 08/2012; 20(8):581-4.
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ABSTRACT: A cirrhosis risk score (CRS) comprised of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in seven genes that predicts the risk of cirrhosis in Caucasian hepatitis C has been reported. The present study was to evaluate the association of 11 separate but related SNPs and the CRS with cirrhosis risk in Chinese hepatitis B patients. A total of 563 Chinese subjects with persistent HBV infection (349 with evident liver cirrhosis and 214 without cirrhosis clinically or pathologically) were studied. The candidate SNPs were detected with a matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS) method. The allele frequency and genotype distribution of each polymorphism as well as the CRS value within the cirrhosis and non-cirrhosis subjects were compared. The rs2679757 polymorphism of the antizyme inhibitor 1 (AZIN1) gene was associated with the risk of cirrhosis (x2 = 6.79, P = 0.03, odds ratio for GG+AG versus AA = 1.63, 95% confidence interval = 1.13-2.35). A gene variant (rs886277) in the transient receptor potential cation channel subfamily M, member 5 gene (TRPM5) was associated with liver cirrhosis, but did not reach statistical significance (x2 = 5.77, P = 0.06). Two SNPs (rs4986791, rs62522600) are not polymorphic in Chinese. Genotype frequencies of other SNPs were not different between the cirrhosis and non-cirrhosis groups. The overall CRS values were not different between the cirrhotic and non-cirrhotic groups (median value 0.57 versus 0.62, Z = -1.05, P = 0.29). SNP rs2679757 in the AZIN1 gene is associated with the risk of HBV-related liver cirrhosis in Chinese. The CRS for Caucasian population has limited applicability for predicting liver cirrhosis in Chinese hepatitis B patients. SNPs associated with cirrhosis prognosis in hepatitis B patients and liver diseases with other etiologies warrant further clinical validation.Zhonghua gan zang bing za zhi = Zhonghua ganzangbing zazhi = Chinese journal of hepatology 03/2011; 19(3):169-73.