ABSTRACT: CXCL14 is a chemokine that exhibits chemoattractant activity for activated macrophages, immature dendric cells, natural killer cells, and epithelial tumor cells. Its potential role as a metabolic regulator has recently been disclosed. However, a complete understanding of its physiological roles remains elusive. This is partly due to the lack of appropriate CXCL14-based molecular probes to explore the biological functions of CXCL14. In this context, we have developed synthetic protocols that provide access to a wide variety of CXCL14 analogs. Two sequential native chemical ligation (NCL) protocols, which proceed in opposite directions, have been used to assemble CXCL14 analogs from peptide fragments. The first involved a conventional C-N-directed sequential NCL, and afforded wild-type CXCL14. The other used peptide thioacids in N-C-directed elongation, and yielded CXCL14 analogs with molecular diversity at the C-terminal fragment. The CXCL14 analogs prepared showed biological activity on human monocytic leukemia-derived THP-1 cells that was comparable to that of wild-type CXCL14.
Bioorganic & medicinal chemistry 07/2011; 19(13):4014-20. · 2.82 Impact Factor